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Efficacy of two Chlamydia abortus subcellular vaccines in a pregnant ewe challenge model for ovine enzootic abortion (2021)
Journal Article
Livingstone, M., Ranjan Wattegedera, S., Palarea-Albaladejo, J., Aitchison, K., Corbett, C., Sait, M., …Longbottom, D. (2021). Efficacy of two Chlamydia abortus subcellular vaccines in a pregnant ewe challenge model for ovine enzootic abortion. Vaccines, 9(8), https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080898

Chlamydia abortus, the aetiological agent of enzootic abortion of ewes, is a major cause of reproductive loss in small ruminants worldwide, accounting for significant economic losses to the farming industry. Disease can be managed through the use of... Read More about Efficacy of two Chlamydia abortus subcellular vaccines in a pregnant ewe challenge model for ovine enzootic abortion.

Type 1 diabetes patients increase CXCR4+ and CXCR7+ haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cells with exercise, but the response is attenuated (2021)
Journal Article
Taylor, G. S., Shaw, A., Smith, K., Capper, T. E., Scragg, J. H., Cronin, M., …West, D. J. (2021). Type 1 diabetes patients increase CXCR4+ and CXCR7+ haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cells with exercise, but the response is attenuated. Scientific Reports, 11, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-93886-2

Background: Exercise mobilizes angiogenic cells, which stimulate vascular repair. However, limited research suggests exercise-induced increase of endothelial progenitor cell (EPCs) is completely lacking in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Clarification, along... Read More about Type 1 diabetes patients increase CXCR4+ and CXCR7+ haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cells with exercise, but the response is attenuated.

A paradigm shift to combat indoor respiratory infection (2021)
Journal Article
Morawska, L., Allen, J., Bahnfleth, W., Bluyssen, P. M., Boerstra, A., Buonanno, G., …Yao, M. (2021). A paradigm shift to combat indoor respiratory infection. Science, 372(6543), 689-691. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abg2025

There is great disparity in the way we think about and address different sources of environmental infection. Governments have for decades promulgated a large amount of legislation and invested heavily in food safety, sanitation, and drinking water fo... Read More about A paradigm shift to combat indoor respiratory infection.

Measurement of the Intracellular Mycobacterium tuberculosis Drug Effect and Prediction of the Clinical Dose–Response Relationship Using Intracellular Pharmacodynamic Modeling (PDi) (2021)
Book Chapter
Donnellan, S., Martínez-Rodríguez, C., Aljayyoussi, G., & Biagini, G. A. (2021). Measurement of the Intracellular Mycobacterium tuberculosis Drug Effect and Prediction of the Clinical Dose–Response Relationship Using Intracellular Pharmacodynamic Modeling (PDi). In C. Barreiro, & J. Barredo (Eds.), Antimicrobial Therapies: Methods and Protocols (393-408). New York: Humana Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-1358-0

The human disease tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. A quarter of the world’s population is estimated to be latently infected. Drug development and screening is slow and costly. We have developed a physiol... Read More about Measurement of the Intracellular Mycobacterium tuberculosis Drug Effect and Prediction of the Clinical Dose–Response Relationship Using Intracellular Pharmacodynamic Modeling (PDi).

Can we do better? A guide to pandemics – some Dos and Don'ts for the next one (2021)
Journal Article
Tang, J. W., Kwok, K. O., Loh, T. P., Lee, C. K., Heraud, J., & Dancer, S. J. (2021). Can we do better? A guide to pandemics – some Dos and Don'ts for the next one. Journal of Infection, 83(1), 119-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2021.04.017

Specific features of any rapidly spread pathogen needs early recognition and assessment for possible pandemic potential. These include: inter-person transmissibility and exponential spread, which results in significant morbidity, mortality. These a... Read More about Can we do better? A guide to pandemics – some Dos and Don'ts for the next one.

How dirty is your QWERTY? The risk of healthcare pathogen transmission from computer keyboards (2021)
Journal Article
Ledwoch, K., Dancer, S., Otter, J., Kerr, K., Roposte, D., & Maillard, J. (2021). How dirty is your QWERTY? The risk of healthcare pathogen transmission from computer keyboards. Journal of Hospital Infection, 112, 31-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2021.02.021

Introduction Healthcare environmental surfaces may be contaminated with micro-organisms that cause healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs). Special attention is paid to near-patient surfaces but sites outside the patient zone receive less attention... Read More about How dirty is your QWERTY? The risk of healthcare pathogen transmission from computer keyboards.

Risk Factors for Leg Ulceration in People Who Inject Drugs: A Cross-Sectional Study (2021)
Journal Article
Coull, A. F., Kyle, R. G., Hanson, C. L., & Watterson, A. (2021). Risk Factors for Leg Ulceration in People Who Inject Drugs: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 30(11-12), 1623-1632. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15716

Aims and Objectives The aim of this study was to assess, for the first time in a hard-to-reach population, the risk factors for leg ulceration among PWID, with the objective of making improvements to prevention and care. Background An estimate... Read More about Risk Factors for Leg Ulceration in People Who Inject Drugs: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Bacterial Transfer To Fingertips During Sequential Surface Contacts With And Without Gloves (2020)
Journal Article
King, M., López‐García, M., Atedoghu, K. P., Zhang, N., Wilson, A. M., Weterings, M., …Fletcher, L. A. (2020). Bacterial Transfer To Fingertips During Sequential Surface Contacts With And Without Gloves. Indoor Air, 30(5), 993-1004. https://doi.org/10.1111/ina.12682

Bacterial transmission from contaminated surfaces via hand contact plays a critical role in disease spread. However, the fomite‐to‐finger transfer efficiency of microorganisms during multiple sequential surface contacts with and without gloves has no... Read More about Bacterial Transfer To Fingertips During Sequential Surface Contacts With And Without Gloves.

Dynamic Transmission of Staphylococcus Aureus in the Intensive Care Unit (2020)
Journal Article
Adams, C. E., & Dancer, S. J. (2020). Dynamic Transmission of Staphylococcus Aureus in the Intensive Care Unit. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(6), https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062109

Staphylococcus aureus is an important bacterial pathogen. This study utilized known staphylococcal epidemiology to track S. aureus between patients, surfaces, staff hands and air in a ten-bed intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: Patients, air and surf... Read More about Dynamic Transmission of Staphylococcus Aureus in the Intensive Care Unit.

Measuring environmental contamination in critical care using dilute hydrogen peroxide (DHP) technology: An observational cross-over study (2020)
Journal Article
Oon, A., Reading, E., Ferguson, J., Dancer, S., & Mitchell, B. (2020). Measuring environmental contamination in critical care using dilute hydrogen peroxide (DHP) technology: An observational cross-over study. Infection, Disease & Health, 25(2), 107-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idh.2019.12.005

Background The environment has an important role in the transmission of healthcare associated infections. This has encouraged interest in novel methods to improve hygiene in hospitals. One such technology is the use of hydrogen peroxide to decontami... Read More about Measuring environmental contamination in critical care using dilute hydrogen peroxide (DHP) technology: An observational cross-over study.

Design of a New Peptide Substrate Probe of the Putative Biomarker Legumain with Potential Application in Prostate Cancer Diagnosis ex vivo (2019)
Journal Article
Mathur, S., Turnbull, A., Akaev, I., Stevens, C., Agrawal, N., Chopra, M., & Mincher, D. (2020). Design of a New Peptide Substrate Probe of the Putative Biomarker Legumain with Potential Application in Prostate Cancer Diagnosis ex vivo. International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics, 26, 1965-1980. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10989-019-09994-1

The lysosomal endoprotease legumain (asparaginyl endoprotease) has been proposed as a putative biomarker in prostate tumours, in which the enzyme is markedly overexpressed. Overexpression, coupled with highly selective specificity for cleavage of sub... Read More about Design of a New Peptide Substrate Probe of the Putative Biomarker Legumain with Potential Application in Prostate Cancer Diagnosis ex vivo.

Hand antisepsis without decreasing efficacy by shortening the rub-in time of alcohol-based handrubs to 15 seconds (2019)
Journal Article
Harnoss, J., Dancer, S., Kaden, C., Baguhl, R., Kohlmann, T., Papke, R., …Kramer, A. (2020). Hand antisepsis without decreasing efficacy by shortening the rub-in time of alcohol-based handrubs to 15 seconds. Journal of Hospital Infection, 104(4), 419-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2019.09.004

Background A previous study among neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses showed that the antibacterial efficacy of alcohol-based handrubs (ABHR) can be achieved in 15 s instead of 30 s with a significant increase in the frequency of hand antisep... Read More about Hand antisepsis without decreasing efficacy by shortening the rub-in time of alcohol-based handrubs to 15 seconds.

The effectiveness of home versus community-based weight control programmes initiated soon after breast cancer diagnosis: a randomised controlled trial (2019)
Journal Article
Harvie, M., Pegington, M., McMullan, D., Bundred, N., Livingstone, K., Campbell, A., …Howell, A. (2019). The effectiveness of home versus community-based weight control programmes initiated soon after breast cancer diagnosis: a randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Cancer, 121(6), 443–454. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-019-0522-6

Background Breast cancer diagnosis may be a teachable moment for lifestyle behaviour change and to prevent adjuvant therapy associated weight gain. We assessed the acceptability and effectiveness of two weight control programmes initiated soon after... Read More about The effectiveness of home versus community-based weight control programmes initiated soon after breast cancer diagnosis: a randomised controlled trial.

Understanding the attitudes and acceptability of extra-genital Chlamydia testing in young women: evaluation of a feasibility study (2019)
Journal Article
Brown, S., Paterson, C., Dougall, N., Cameron, S., & Wheelhouse, N. (2019). Understanding the attitudes and acceptability of extra-genital Chlamydia testing in young women: evaluation of a feasibility study. BMC Public Health, 19(1), Article 992. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7313-0

Background Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the UK. Recent studies suggest that in addition to the genital tract, C. trachomatis is found in the throat and rectum, suggesting the n... Read More about Understanding the attitudes and acceptability of extra-genital Chlamydia testing in young women: evaluation of a feasibility study.

Tracking Staphylococcus aureus in the intensive care unit using Whole-Genome Sequencing (2019)
Journal Article
Dancer, S. J., Adams, C. E., Smith, J., Pichon, B., Kearns, A., & Morrison, D. (2019). Tracking Staphylococcus aureus in the intensive care unit using Whole-Genome Sequencing. Journal of Hospital Infection, 103(1), 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2019.04.016

Background: Staphylococcus aureus remains an important bacterial pathogen worldwide. This study utilized known staphylococcal epidemiology to track S. aureus between different ecological reservoirs in one ten-bed intensive care unit (ICU). Methods... Read More about Tracking Staphylococcus aureus in the intensive care unit using Whole-Genome Sequencing.

The inflammatory bowel disease drug azathioprine induces autophagy via mTORC1 and the unfolded protein response sensor PERK (2019)
Journal Article
Hooper, K. M., Casanova, V., Kemp, S., Staines, K. A., Satsangi, J., Barlow, P. G., …Stevens, C. (2019). The inflammatory bowel disease drug azathioprine induces autophagy via mTORC1 and the unfolded protein response sensor PERK. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 25(9), 1481-1496. https://doi.org/10.1093/ibd/izz039

Background Genetic studies have strongly linked autophagy to Crohn's disease (CD) and stimulating autophagy in CD patients may be therapeutically beneficial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of current inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)... Read More about The inflammatory bowel disease drug azathioprine induces autophagy via mTORC1 and the unfolded protein response sensor PERK.

The type III intermediate filament vimentin regulates organelle distribution and modulates autophagy (2019)
Journal Article
Biskou, O., Casanova, V., Hooper, K., Kemp, S., Wright, G. P., Satsangi, J., …Stevens, C. (2019). The type III intermediate filament vimentin regulates organelle distribution and modulates autophagy. PLOS ONE, 14(1), Article e0209665. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0209665

The cytoskeletal protein vimentin plays a key role in positioning of organelles within the cytosol and has been linked to the regulation of numerous cellular processes including autophagy, however, how vimentin regulates autophagy remains relatively... Read More about The type III intermediate filament vimentin regulates organelle distribution and modulates autophagy.