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Indoor CO2 and Thermal Conditions in Twenty Scottish Primary School Classrooms with Different Ventilation Systems during the COVID-19 Pandemic (2022)
Journal Article
Bain-Reguis, N., Smith, A., Hollins-Martin, C., & Currie, J. (2022). Indoor CO2 and Thermal Conditions in Twenty Scottish Primary School Classrooms with Different Ventilation Systems during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Pollutants, 2(2), 180-204. https://doi.org/10.3390/pollutants2020014

Healthy indoor environments influence the comfort, health and wellbeing of the occupants. Monitoring the indoor temperature, relative humidity and CO2 levels in primary schools during the COVID-19 pandemic was mandated by a local authority in Scotlan... Read More about Indoor CO2 and Thermal Conditions in Twenty Scottish Primary School Classrooms with Different Ventilation Systems during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Is Population Density Associated with Non-Communicable Disease in Western Developed Countries? A Systematic Review (2022)
Journal Article
Carnegie, E. R., Inglis, G., Taylor, A., Bak-Klimek, A., & Okoye, O. (2022). Is Population Density Associated with Non-Communicable Disease in Western Developed Countries? A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(5), https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052638

Over the last three decades, researchers have investigated population density and health outcomes at differing scale. There has not been a systematic review conducted in order to synthesise this evidence. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for S... Read More about Is Population Density Associated with Non-Communicable Disease in Western Developed Countries? A Systematic Review.

Quantification and Characterisation of Pre-Production Pellet Pollution in the Avon-Heathcote Estuary/Ihutai, Aotearoa-New Zealand (2022)
Journal Article
Hunter, E. C., de Vine, R., Pantos, O., Clunies-Ross, P., Doake, F., Masterton, H., & Briers, R. A. (2022). Quantification and Characterisation of Pre-Production Pellet Pollution in the Avon-Heathcote Estuary/Ihutai, Aotearoa-New Zealand. Microplastics, 1(1), 67-84. https://doi.org/10.3390/microplastics1010005

Plastic pollution is threatening aquatic ecosystems and wildlife. Understanding the characteristics and extent of plastic pollution is the first step towards improving management and therefore the environmental impacts. Pre-production pellets are use... Read More about Quantification and Characterisation of Pre-Production Pellet Pollution in the Avon-Heathcote Estuary/Ihutai, Aotearoa-New Zealand.

Type 1 diabetes patients increase CXCR4+ and CXCR7+ haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cells with exercise, but the response is attenuated (2021)
Journal Article
Taylor, G. S., Shaw, A., Smith, K., Capper, T. E., Scragg, J. H., Cronin, M., …West, D. J. (2021). Type 1 diabetes patients increase CXCR4+ and CXCR7+ haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cells with exercise, but the response is attenuated. Scientific Reports, 11, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-93886-2

Background: Exercise mobilizes angiogenic cells, which stimulate vascular repair. However, limited research suggests exercise-induced increase of endothelial progenitor cell (EPCs) is completely lacking in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Clarification, along... Read More about Type 1 diabetes patients increase CXCR4+ and CXCR7+ haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cells with exercise, but the response is attenuated.

Response of soil bacterial community composition and its associated geochemical parameters to rapid short-term cyclic groundwater-level oscillations: soil column experiments (2020)
Journal Article
Xia, X., Cheng, L., Zhu, Y., Liu, Y., Wang, K., Ding, A., …Zuo, L. (2020). Response of soil bacterial community composition and its associated geochemical parameters to rapid short-term cyclic groundwater-level oscillations: soil column experiments. Vadose Zone Journal, 19(1), https://doi.org/10.1002/vzj2.20011

Groundwater-level oscillations change geochemical conditions, carbon cycling processes and bacterial community composition, and these changes may vary vertically with depth in a soil. In this study, soil column experiments were conducted to explore v... Read More about Response of soil bacterial community composition and its associated geochemical parameters to rapid short-term cyclic groundwater-level oscillations: soil column experiments.

Post-disturbance haulout behaviour of harbour seals (2019)
Journal Article
Paterson, W. D., Russell, D. J., Wu, G., McConnell, B., Currie, J. I., McCafferty, D. J., & Thompson, D. (2019). Post-disturbance haulout behaviour of harbour seals. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 29(S1), 144-156. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.3092

1. The impact of anthropogenic activity associated with the construction of a proposed tidal turbine on harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) was investigated using controlled disturbance trials. 2. Trials were conducted by approaching hauled out seals by... Read More about Post-disturbance haulout behaviour of harbour seals.

An acute dose of inorganic dietary nitrate does not improve high-intensity, intermittent exercise performance in temperate or hot and humid conditions (2019)
Journal Article
Smith, K., Muggeridge, D. J., Easton, C., & Ross, M. D. (2019). An acute dose of inorganic dietary nitrate does not improve high-intensity, intermittent exercise performance in temperate or hot and humid conditions. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 119(3), 723-733. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-018-04063-9

Purpose: Dietary nitrate (NO3-) has repeatedly been shown to improve endurance and intermittent, high-intensity events in temperate conditions. However, the ergogenic effects of dietary NO3- on intermittent exercise performance in hot conditions has... Read More about An acute dose of inorganic dietary nitrate does not improve high-intensity, intermittent exercise performance in temperate or hot and humid conditions.

Does living in areas of relatively high population density, within western developed countries, increase one's risk of developing non-communicable disease? A systematic review of the literature (2019)
Other
Carnegie, E. (2019). Does living in areas of relatively high population density, within western developed countries, increase one's risk of developing non-communicable disease? A systematic review of the literature

Elaine Carnegie. Does living in areas of relatively high population density, within western developed countries, increase one's risk of developing non-communicable disease? A systematic review of the literature. PROSPERO 2019 CRD42019119391 Available... Read More about Does living in areas of relatively high population density, within western developed countries, increase one's risk of developing non-communicable disease? A systematic review of the literature.

Socio-environmental Health. Exploring risk and resource spaces within urban environments. An interdisciplinary enquiry. (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Carnegie, E., Reid, A., Deakin, M., & Inglis, G. (2018, September). Socio-environmental Health. Exploring risk and resource spaces within urban environments. An interdisciplinary enquiry. Paper presented at Space and Poverty (Salzburg Conference in Interdisciplinary Poverty Research)

Regenerative spaces (good for health, environment and the planet) are essential for human flourishing. Findings from previous research suggest an association between spatial patterning and health outcomes (Hagedoorn et al. 2016; Meijer et al. 2012; P... Read More about Socio-environmental Health. Exploring risk and resource spaces within urban environments. An interdisciplinary enquiry..

Diurnal Variation in Physiological and Immune Responses to Endurance Sport in Highly Trained Runners in a Hot and Humid Environment (2018)
Journal Article
Boukelia, Z., Gomes, E. C., & Florida-James, G. D. (2018). Diurnal Variation in Physiological and Immune Responses to Endurance Sport in Highly Trained Runners in a Hot and Humid Environment. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2018, Article 3402143. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3402143

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological and immunological response of highly trained runners to an intense bout of exercise performed at two different times of day, in a hot, humid environment. Methods. Using a crossov... Read More about Diurnal Variation in Physiological and Immune Responses to Endurance Sport in Highly Trained Runners in a Hot and Humid Environment.

Indoor living plants' effects on an office environment (2017)
Journal Article
Smith, A. J., Fsadni, A., & Holt, G. (2017). Indoor living plants' effects on an office environment. Facilities, 35(9/10), 525-542. https://doi.org/10.1108/F-09-2016-0088

Purpose The use of indoor living plants for enhancement of indoor relative humidity and the general environment of a large, modern, open plan office building; are studied using a mixed-methods paradigm. Design/methodology/approach The quantitat... Read More about Indoor living plants' effects on an office environment.

biotic: Calculation of Freshwater Biotic Indices. R package version 0.1.2 (2016)
Digital Artefact
Briers, R. (2016). biotic: Calculation of Freshwater Biotic Indices. R package version 0.1.2

The biotic package calculates a range of commonly used UK freshwater invertebrate biotic indices, based on family level identification. Indices that can be calculated are BMWP (and associated N-Taxa and ASPT), Whalley revised BWMP, habitat-specific... Read More about biotic: Calculation of Freshwater Biotic Indices. R package version 0.1.2.

In vivo in uterus non-invasive methods to predict placental insufficiency and adverse pregnancy outcomes in antiphospholipid syndrome (2014)
Conference Proceeding
Girardi, G., Fraser, J., Bertolaccini, M. L., Lennen, R., Vontell, R., & Hutchison, G. (2014). In vivo in uterus non-invasive methods to predict placental insufficiency and adverse pregnancy outcomes in antiphospholipid syndrome. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2014.06.184

Objectives: To use MRI-based methods to non invasively detect placental insufficiency and predict fetal outcomes in obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) Methods and result: A) Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticles conjug... Read More about In vivo in uterus non-invasive methods to predict placental insufficiency and adverse pregnancy outcomes in antiphospholipid syndrome.

Structural and functional indices show similar performance in marine ecosystem quality assessment (2014)
Journal Article
Culhane, F. E., Briers, R. A., Tett, P., & Fernandes, T. F. (2014). Structural and functional indices show similar performance in marine ecosystem quality assessment. Ecological Indicators, 43, 271-280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.03.009

Reliable ecosystem quality assessment of marine environments is increasingly important due to mounting pressures attributable to human activities. Biotic indices are widely used in studies to describe communities and indicate the ecological state of... Read More about Structural and functional indices show similar performance in marine ecosystem quality assessment.

Androgen action in the masculinization programming window and development of male reproductive organs (2010)
Journal Article
MacLeod, D. J., Sharpe, R. M., Welsh, M., Fisken, M., Scott, H. M., Hutchison, G. R., …van den Driesche, S. (2010). Androgen action in the masculinization programming window and development of male reproductive organs. International Journal of Andrology, 33(2), 279-287. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2605.2009.01005.x

We have shown previously that deficient androgen action within a masculinization programming window (MPW; e15.5–e18.5 in rats) is important in the origin of male reproductive disorders and in programming male reproductive organ size, but that androge... Read More about Androgen action in the masculinization programming window and development of male reproductive organs.

A critical review of the biological mechanisms underlying the in vivo and in vitro toxicity of carbon nanotubes: The contribution of physico-chemical characteristics (2010)
Journal Article
Johnston, H. J., Hutchison, G. R., Christensen, F. M., Peters, S., Hankin, S., Aschberger, K., & Stone, V. (2010). A critical review of the biological mechanisms underlying the in vivo and in vitro toxicity of carbon nanotubes: The contribution of physico-chemical characteristics. Nanotoxicology, 4(2), 207-246. https://doi.org/10.3109/17435390903569639

This critical review of the available human health safety data, relating to carbon nanotubes (CNTs), was conducted in order to assess the risks associated with CNT exposure. Determining the toxicity related to CNT exploitation is of great relevance a... Read More about A critical review of the biological mechanisms underlying the in vivo and in vitro toxicity of carbon nanotubes: The contribution of physico-chemical characteristics.

A review of the in vivo and in vitro toxicity of silver and gold particulates: Particle attributes and biological mechanisms responsible for the observed toxicity (2010)
Journal Article
Johnston, H. J., Hutchison, G., Christensen, F. M., Peters, S., Hankin, S., & Stone, V. (2010). A review of the in vivo and in vitro toxicity of silver and gold particulates: Particle attributes and biological mechanisms responsible for the observed toxicity. Critical Reviews in Toxicology, 40(4), 328-346. https://doi.org/10.3109/10408440903453074

This review is concerned with evaluating the toxicity associated with human exposure to silver and gold nanoparticles (NPs), due to the relative abundance of toxicity data available for these particles, when compared to other metal particulates. This... Read More about A review of the in vivo and in vitro toxicity of silver and gold particulates: Particle attributes and biological mechanisms responsible for the observed toxicity.

Identification of the mechanisms that drive the toxicity of TiO2 particulates: the contribution of physicochemical characteristics (2009)
Journal Article
Johnston, H. J., Hutchison, G. R., Christensen, F. M., Peters, S., Hankin, S., & Stone, V. (2009). Identification of the mechanisms that drive the toxicity of TiO2 particulates: the contribution of physicochemical characteristics. Particle and fibre toxicology, 6(1), 33. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-8977-6-33

This review focuses on outlining the toxicity of titanium dioxide (TiO₂) particulates in vitro and in vivo, in order to understand their ability to detrimentally impact on human health. Evaluating the hazards associated with TiO₂ partic... Read More about Identification of the mechanisms that drive the toxicity of TiO2 particulates: the contribution of physicochemical characteristics.