Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

An investigation of the role of leadership in consensus decision-making (2022)
Journal Article
Perret, C., & Powers, S. T. (2022). An investigation of the role of leadership in consensus decision-making. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 543, Article 111094. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2022.111094

Leadership is a widespread phenomena in social organisms and it is recognised to facilitate coordination between individuals. While the role of leadership in group foraging or swarm movement is well understood, it is not clear if leaders would also b... Read More about An investigation of the role of leadership in consensus decision-making.

Structured Groups Make More Accurate Veracity Judgments Than Individuals (2021)
Journal Article
Hamlin, I., Bolger, F., Vasilichi, A., Belton, I., Crawford, M. M., Sissons, A., …Wright, G. (2021). Structured Groups Make More Accurate Veracity Judgments Than Individuals. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 35(6), 1600-1607. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3892

Groups often make better judgments than individuals, and recent research suggests that this phenomenon extends to the deception detection domain. The present research investigated whether the influence of groups enhances the accuracy of judgments, an... Read More about Structured Groups Make More Accurate Veracity Judgments Than Individuals.

The effects of dual-task interference in predicting turn-ends in speech and music (2021)
Journal Article
Fisher, N. K., Hadley, L. V., Corps, R. E., & Pickering, M. J. (2021). The effects of dual-task interference in predicting turn-ends in speech and music. Brain Research, 1768, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2021.147571

Determining when a partner’s spoken or musical turn will end requires well-honed predictive abilities. Evidence suggests that our motor systems are activated during perception of both speech and music, and it has been argued that motor simulation is... Read More about The effects of dual-task interference in predicting turn-ends in speech and music.

The importance of detailed context reinstatement for the production of identifiable composite faces from memory (2021)
Journal Article
Fodarella, C., Marsh, J. E., Chu, S., Athwal-Kooner, P., Jones, H. S., Skelton, F. C., …Frowd, C. D. (2021). The importance of detailed context reinstatement for the production of identifiable composite faces from memory. Visual Cognition, 29(3), 180-200. https://doi.org/10.1080/13506285.2021.1890292

Memory is facilitated by reflecting upon, or revisiting, the environment in which information was encoded. We investigated these “context reinstatement” (CR) techniques to improve the effectiveness of facial composites – visual likenesses of a perpet... Read More about The importance of detailed context reinstatement for the production of identifiable composite faces from memory.

Bilingualism: The foreign language effect does not extend to rational decision making (2020)
Journal Article
Curley, L., Carruthers, L., & Piotrowska, B. (2020). Bilingualism: The foreign language effect does not extend to rational decision making. Journal of Articles in Support of the Null Hypothesis, 17(1),

This research investigated if the foreign language effect extended to rationality. Four groups (English speaking monolingual group; Polish speaking monolingual group; Bilingual Polish group who were presented with decision task in English; Bilingual... Read More about Bilingualism: The foreign language effect does not extend to rational decision making.

Is the definition of task-irrelevant contextual information black and white? (2020)
Journal Article
Curley, L. J., Munro, J., Lages, M., MacLean, R., & Murray, J. (2020). Is the definition of task-irrelevant contextual information black and white?. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 65(2), 668-670. https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14273

Author's response to "Commentary on: Curley LJ, Munro J, Lages M, MacLean R, Murray J. Assessing cognitive bias in forensic decisions: a review and outlook. J Forensic Sci doi: 10.1111/1556‐4029.14220. Epub 2019 Nov 6"

Constructing identifiable composite faces: The importance of cognitive alignment of interview and construction procedure. (2019)
Journal Article
Skelton, F. C., Frowd, C. D., Hancock, P. J. B., Jones, H. S., Jones, B. C., Fodarella, C., …Logan, K. (2020). Constructing identifiable composite faces: The importance of cognitive alignment of interview and construction procedure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 26(3), 507-521. https://doi.org/10.1037/xap0000257

We investigated the impact of congruency between the witness interview and method used to construct a composite face. Experiment 1, using a typical feature-by-feature composite method, revealed that aligning cognitive processes during interview and... Read More about Constructing identifiable composite faces: The importance of cognitive alignment of interview and construction procedure..

Suicide Risk Assessment in the Emergency Department: An Investigation of Current Practice in Scotland (2019)
Journal Article
McClatchey, K., Murray, J., Chouliara, Z., Rowat, A., & Hauge, S. R. (2019). Suicide Risk Assessment in the Emergency Department: An Investigation of Current Practice in Scotland. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 73(4), Article e13342. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.13342

Background Suicide is a global public health issue. Approximately one third of individuals who complete suicide have attended an emergency department in the year preceding their death. The aim of this study was to investigate current suicide risk as... Read More about Suicide Risk Assessment in the Emergency Department: An Investigation of Current Practice in Scotland.

Altered relationship between prefrontal glutamate and activation during cognitive control in people with high trait anxiety (2019)
Journal Article
Morgenroth, E., Orlov, N., Lythgoe, D. J., Stone, J. M., Barker, H., Munro, J., …Allen, P. (2019). Altered relationship between prefrontal glutamate and activation during cognitive control in people with high trait anxiety. Cortex, 117, 53-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2019.02.021

Trait anxiety can affect cognitive control resulting in ineffective and/or inefficient task performance. Moreover, previous functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) studies have reported altered dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) activity in... Read More about Altered relationship between prefrontal glutamate and activation during cognitive control in people with high trait anxiety.

The relationship between creativity and attention in adults (2018)
Journal Article
Carruthers, L., MacLean, R., & Willis, A. (2018). The relationship between creativity and attention in adults. Creativity Research Journal, 30(4), 370-379

Creativity is a valuable attribute that involves the generation of original ideas; attention is a vital function that facilitates information selection. There is some evidence that creative people may have poorer attention and are generally more dist... Read More about The relationship between creativity and attention in adults.

The bastard verdict and its influence on jurors (2018)
Journal Article
Curley, L. J., Maclean, R., Murray, J., Laybourn, P., & Brown, D. (2019). The bastard verdict and its influence on jurors. Medicine, Science and the Law, 59(1), 26-35. https://doi.org/10.1177/0025802418811740

The Scottish Legal system is a unique jurisdiction as jurors are able to give Not Proven verdicts in addition to the well-known Anglo-American verdicts (Guilty and Not Guilty). The Not Proven verdict has never been legally defined, meaning that curre... Read More about The bastard verdict and its influence on jurors.

Worry is associated with inefficient functional activity and connectivity in prefrontal and cingulate cortices during emotional interference. (2018)
Journal Article
Barker, H., Munro, J., Orlov, N., Morgenroth, E., Moser, J., Eysenck, M. W., & Allen, P. (2018). Worry is associated with inefficient functional activity and connectivity in prefrontal and cingulate cortices during emotional interference. Brain and Behavior, 8(12), Article e01137. https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1137

Introduction Anxiety is known to impair attentional control particularly when Task demands are high. Neuroimaging studies generally support these behavioral findings, reporting that anxiety is associated with increased (inefficient) activity in dors... Read More about Worry is associated with inefficient functional activity and connectivity in prefrontal and cingulate cortices during emotional interference..

Faith in thy threshold (2018)
Journal Article
Curley, L. J., Murray, J., MacLean, R., Laybourn, P., & Brown, D. (2018). Faith in thy threshold. Medicine, Science and the Law, 002580241879106. https://doi.org/10.1177/0025802418791062

The current study focussed on the decision making processes of jurors. The study investigated how jurors make a decision, if they integrated information within their decision making process, and if cue utilisation thresholds promoted confirmation bia... Read More about Faith in thy threshold.

Saccades and smooth pursuit eye movements trigger equivalent gaze-cued orienting effects (2018)
Journal Article
Langton, S. R., McIntyre, A. H., Hancock, P. J., & Leder, H. (2018). Saccades and smooth pursuit eye movements trigger equivalent gaze-cued orienting effects. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 17470218.2017.1. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1362703

Research has established that a perceived eye gaze produces a concomitant shift in a viewer’s spatial attention in the direction of that gaze. The two experiments reported here investigate the extent to which the nature of the eye movement made by th... Read More about Saccades and smooth pursuit eye movements trigger equivalent gaze-cued orienting effects.

Heuristics: The good, the bad, and the biased. What value can bias have for decision makers? (2017)
Journal Article
Curley, L. J., Murray, J., & MacLean, R. (2017). Heuristics: The good, the bad, and the biased. What value can bias have for decision makers?. the Quarterly, 41-44

This discussion paper will look at heuristics (rule of thumb techniques for decision making), (Tversky & Kahneman, 1974) and their potential value. Typically, heuristics have been viewed negatively (Gigerenzer & Goldstein, 1996), with research sugges... Read More about Heuristics: The good, the bad, and the biased. What value can bias have for decision makers?.

Chatting in the face of the eyewitness: the impact of extraneous cell-phone conversation on memory for a perpetrator (2017)
Journal Article
Marsh, J. E., Patel, K., Labonté, K., Battersby, K. L., Frowd, C. D., Ball, L. J., …Vachon, F. (2017). Chatting in the face of the eyewitness: the impact of extraneous cell-phone conversation on memory for a perpetrator. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(3), 183-190. https://doi.org/10.1037/cep0000101

Cell-phone conversation is ubiquitous within public spaces. The current study investigates whether ignored cell-phone conversation impairs eyewitness memory for a perpetrator. Participants viewed a video of a staged crime in the presence of 1 side of... Read More about Chatting in the face of the eyewitness: the impact of extraneous cell-phone conversation on memory for a perpetrator.

Creativity and Attention: A Multi-Method Investigation (2016)
Thesis
Carruthers, L. Creativity and Attention: A Multi-Method Investigation. (Thesis). Edinburgh Napier University. Retrieved from http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/1052411

Creativity is a valuable attribute that involves the generation of original ideas; attention is a vital function that facilitates information selection. Past research has related these cognitive constructs, having found that highly creative people te... Read More about Creativity and Attention: A Multi-Method Investigation.

The effects of a recalled injustice on the experience of experimentally induced pain and anxiety in relation to just-world beliefs (2016)
Journal Article
McParland, J., Knussen, C., & Murray, J. (2016). The effects of a recalled injustice on the experience of experimentally induced pain and anxiety in relation to just-world beliefs. European Journal of Pain, 20(9), 1392-1401. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejp.862

Background: A growing field of investigation into social justice cognitions and pain suggests perceived injustice has a negative impact on pain, but little is known about individual variation in the impact of a perceived injustice. One published stud... Read More about The effects of a recalled injustice on the experience of experimentally induced pain and anxiety in relation to just-world beliefs.

Visual-spatial-motor integration in a cross-section of primary-aged children: implications for assessing risk of Dyslexia (2015)
Conference Proceeding
Piotrowska, B., Willis, A., MacLean, R., Murray, J., & Kerridge, J. (2015). Visual-spatial-motor integration in a cross-section of primary-aged children: implications for assessing risk of Dyslexia. In Proceedings European Conference on Visual Perception ECVP 2015

Dyslexia is a common condition characterized by difficulties with reading and writing despite adequate intelligence, education and motivation. Many individuals with dyslexia also have problems integrating visual information over space and time, and /... Read More about Visual-spatial-motor integration in a cross-section of primary-aged children: implications for assessing risk of Dyslexia.