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Female Narcissism: Assessment, Aetiology, and Behavioural Manifestations (2021)
Journal Article
Green, A., MacLean, R., & Charles, K. (in press). Female Narcissism: Assessment, Aetiology, and Behavioural Manifestations. Psychological Reports, https://doi.org/10.1177/00332941211027322

Despite putative gender differences in the expression of narcissism, prominent theories have virtually dismissed the role of females in the development and manifestation of narcissism. The contention that narcissism is a pathology of the self that ma... Read More about Female Narcissism: Assessment, Aetiology, and Behavioural Manifestations.

The importance of detailed context reinstatement for the production of identifiable composite faces from memory (2021)
Journal Article
Fodarella, C., Marsh, J. E., Chu, S., Athwal-Kooner, P., Jones, H. S., Skelton, F. C., …Frowd, C. D. (2021). The importance of detailed context reinstatement for the production of identifiable composite faces from memory. Visual Cognition, 29(3), 180-200. https://doi.org/10.1080/13506285.2021.1890292

Memory is facilitated by reflecting upon, or revisiting, the environment in which information was encoded. We investigated these “context reinstatement” (CR) techniques to improve the effectiveness of facial composites – visual likenesses of a perpet... Read More about The importance of detailed context reinstatement for the production of identifiable composite faces from memory.

Is the definition of task-irrelevant contextual information black and white? (2020)
Journal Article
Curley, L. J., Munro, J., Lages, M., MacLean, R., & Murray, J. (2020). Is the definition of task-irrelevant contextual information black and white?. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 65(2), 668-670. https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14273

Author's response to "Commentary on: Curley LJ, Munro J, Lages M, MacLean R, Murray J. Assessing cognitive bias in forensic decisions: a review and outlook. J Forensic Sci doi: 10.1111/1556‐4029.14220. Epub 2019 Nov 6"

"It's Just the Abuse that Needs to Stop": Professional Framing of Sibling Relationships in a Grounded Theory Study of Social Worker Decision Making Following Sibling Sexual Behavior (2019)
Journal Article
Yates, P. (2019). "It's Just the Abuse that Needs to Stop": Professional Framing of Sibling Relationships in a Grounded Theory Study of Social Worker Decision Making Following Sibling Sexual Behavior. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 29(2), https://doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1692399

Sibling abuse is a global problem, arguably the most prevalent form of family violence, and as harmful as other familial abuse. There is evidence internationally that sibling abuse often goes unrecognized or is minimized by professionals from educati... Read More about "It's Just the Abuse that Needs to Stop": Professional Framing of Sibling Relationships in a Grounded Theory Study of Social Worker Decision Making Following Sibling Sexual Behavior.

Constructing identifiable composite faces: The importance of cognitive alignment of interview and construction procedure. (2019)
Journal Article
Skelton, F. C., Frowd, C. D., Hancock, P. J. B., Jones, H. S., Jones, B. C., Fodarella, C., …Logan, K. (2020). Constructing identifiable composite faces: The importance of cognitive alignment of interview and construction procedure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 26(3), 507-521. https://doi.org/10.1037/xap0000257

We investigated the impact of congruency between the witness interview and method used to construct a composite face. Experiment 1, using a typical feature-by-feature composite method, revealed that aligning cognitive processes during interview and... Read More about Constructing identifiable composite faces: The importance of cognitive alignment of interview and construction procedure..

People with severe problematic personality traits and offending histories: What influences occupational participation? (2019)
Journal Article
Connell, C., McKay, E. A., Furtado, V., & Singh, S. P. (2019). People with severe problematic personality traits and offending histories: What influences occupational participation?. European Psychiatry, 60, 14-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2019.05.002

Background: Occupational participation is important for personality disordered offenders (PDOs) because it is integral to health and desistance from offending. What influences occupational participation is unknown for PDOs in the community, limitin... Read More about People with severe problematic personality traits and offending histories: What influences occupational participation?.

Voicing the Victims of Narcissistic Partners: A Qualitative Analysis of Responses to Narcissistic Injury and Self-esteem Regulation (2019)
Journal Article
Green, A., & Charles, K. (2019). Voicing the Victims of Narcissistic Partners: A Qualitative Analysis of Responses to Narcissistic Injury and Self-esteem Regulation. SAGE Open, 9(2), https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244019846693

Addressing an under-researched aspect of narcissism, this study investigated subclinical ‘grandiose’ and ‘vulnerable’ narcissism within the context of domestic violence. Common triggers evoking narcissistic rage, and differences in narcissistic inju... Read More about Voicing the Victims of Narcissistic Partners: A Qualitative Analysis of Responses to Narcissistic Injury and Self-esteem Regulation.

Suicide Risk Assessment in the Emergency Department: An Investigation of Current Practice in Scotland (2019)
Journal Article
McClatchey, K., Murray, J., Chouliara, Z., Rowat, A., & Hauge, S. R. (2019). Suicide Risk Assessment in the Emergency Department: An Investigation of Current Practice in Scotland. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 73(4), Article e13342. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.13342

Background Suicide is a global public health issue. Approximately one third of individuals who complete suicide have attended an emergency department in the year preceding their death. The aim of this study was to investigate current suicide risk as... Read More about Suicide Risk Assessment in the Emergency Department: An Investigation of Current Practice in Scotland.

The impact of external facial features on the construction of facial composites (2018)
Journal Article
Brown, C., Portch, E., Skelton, F. C., Fodarella, C., Kuivaniemi-Smith, H., Herold, K., …Frowd, C. D. (2019). The impact of external facial features on the construction of facial composites. Ergonomics, 62(4), 575-592. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2018.1556816

Witnesses may construct a composite face of a perpetrator using a computerised interface. Police practitioners guide witnesses through this unusual process, the goal being to produce an identifiable image. However, any changes a perpetrator makes to... Read More about The impact of external facial features on the construction of facial composites.

Threshold point utilisation in juror decision-making (2018)
Journal Article
Curley, L. J., MacLean, R., Murray, J., Pollock, A. C., & Laybourn, P. (2019). Threshold point utilisation in juror decision-making. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 26(1), 110-128. https://doi.org/10.1080/13218719.2018.1485520

The current research aimed to identify whether a model of juror decision making (i.e. the threshold model) that encompasses both rational and intuitive decision making exists. Sixty participants were selected who would be eligible for jury duty in Sc... Read More about Threshold point utilisation in juror decision-making.

Heuristics: The good, the bad, and the biased. What value can bias have for decision makers? (2017)
Journal Article
Curley, L. J., Murray, J., & MacLean, R. (2017). Heuristics: The good, the bad, and the biased. What value can bias have for decision makers?. the Quarterly, 41-44

This discussion paper will look at heuristics (rule of thumb techniques for decision making), (Tversky & Kahneman, 1974) and their potential value. Typically, heuristics have been viewed negatively (Gigerenzer & Goldstein, 1996), with research sugges... Read More about Heuristics: The good, the bad, and the biased. What value can bias have for decision makers?.

Chatting in the face of the eyewitness: the impact of extraneous cell-phone conversation on memory for a perpetrator (2017)
Journal Article
Marsh, J. E., Patel, K., Labonté, K., Battersby, K. L., Frowd, C. D., Ball, L. J., …Vachon, F. (2017). Chatting in the face of the eyewitness: the impact of extraneous cell-phone conversation on memory for a perpetrator. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(3), 183-190. https://doi.org/10.1037/cep0000101

Cell-phone conversation is ubiquitous within public spaces. The current study investigates whether ignored cell-phone conversation impairs eyewitness memory for a perpetrator. Participants viewed a video of a staged crime in the presence of 1 side of... Read More about Chatting in the face of the eyewitness: the impact of extraneous cell-phone conversation on memory for a perpetrator.

'Siblings as better together': Social worker decision-making in cases involving sibling sexual behaviour (2017)
Journal Article
Yates, P. (2017). 'Siblings as better together': Social worker decision-making in cases involving sibling sexual behaviour. British Journal of Social Work, bcx018(1), 176-194. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcx018

Sibling abuse is arguably the most prevalent form of family violence (Meyers, 2014), with sibling sexual abuse more common than parental sexual abuse (Krienert and Walsh, 2011). However, research on social worker decision making has been limited to s... Read More about 'Siblings as better together': Social worker decision-making in cases involving sibling sexual behaviour.

Sensational Interests (2017)
Book Chapter
Charles, K. E., & Egan, V. (2017). Sensational Interests. In R. J. Levesque (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Adolescence (1-8). (2nd). BMC. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32132-5

This essay examines the current status of sensational interests and their relationship with offending in adolescence. The essay describes sensational interests, their measurement and how they came to be associated with criminal behavior. New research... Read More about Sensational Interests.

The relationship between the Big 5 personality traits and eyewitness recognition (2017)
Journal Article
Curley, L., MacLean, R., & Murray, J. (2017). The relationship between the Big 5 personality traits and eyewitness recognition. Journal of Articles in Support of the Null Hypothesis, 13(2), 57-72

The aim of the current research was to identify which, if any, personality traits are related to recognition in an eyewitness task. A correlational design was used with the co-variables being personality traits and correct (false) recognition. Eight... Read More about The relationship between the Big 5 personality traits and eyewitness recognition.

Male Youth Perceptions of Violent Extremism: towards a Test of Rational Choice Theory (2016)
Journal Article
Dhami, M. K., & Murray, J. (2017). Male Youth Perceptions of Violent Extremism: towards a Test of Rational Choice Theory. The Spanish journal of psychology, 19(E51), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2016.49

Understanding how people perceive the pros and cons of risky behaviors such as terrorism or violent extremism represents a first step in developing research testing rational choice theory aiming to explain and predict peoples’ intentions to engage in... Read More about Male Youth Perceptions of Violent Extremism: towards a Test of Rational Choice Theory.

Sibling sexual abuse: why don't we talk about it? (2016)
Journal Article
Yates, P. (2017). Sibling sexual abuse: why don't we talk about it?. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 26(15-16), 2482-2494. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.13531

Aims and objectives To explore two hypotheses for explaining why there is little written about sibling sexual abuse and to raise awareness of the subject in order better to protect children and to facilitate sensitive patient care. Background Whil... Read More about Sibling sexual abuse: why don't we talk about it?.

Investigating the Influence of Causal Attributions on Both the Worksheet and Checklist Versions of the HCR-20 (2014)
Journal Article
Murray, J., Charles, K. E., Cooke, D. J., & Thomson, M. E. (2014). Investigating the Influence of Causal Attributions on Both the Worksheet and Checklist Versions of the HCR-20. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 13(1), 8-17. https://doi.org/10.1080/14999013.2014.890978

Attribution theories suggest that when assessing an individual's actions, judgments are made about the cause of these behaviours and often these judgments focus on internal or external causal explanations. The current research investigated the effect... Read More about Investigating the Influence of Causal Attributions on Both the Worksheet and Checklist Versions of the HCR-20.

Applying the revenge system to the criminal justice system and jury decision-making (2012)
Journal Article
Roberts, S. C., & Murray, J. (2013). Applying the revenge system to the criminal justice system and jury decision-making. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(01), 34-35. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x12000581

McCullough et al. propose an evolved cognitive revenge system which imposes retaliatory costs on aggressors. They distinguish between this and other forms of punishment (e.g., administered by judges) which are not underpinned by a specifically-design... Read More about Applying the revenge system to the criminal justice system and jury decision-making.