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Immediate effect of a spinal mobilisation intervention on muscle stiffness, tone and elasticity in subjects with lower back pain – A randomised cross-over trial (2021)
Journal Article
Hamilton, R., Garden, C. L., & Brown, S. J. (2022). Immediate effect of a spinal mobilisation intervention on muscle stiffness, tone and elasticity in subjects with lower back pain – A randomised cross-over trial. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 29, 60-67

Background: Despite the lack of objective evidence, spinal manual therapies have been common practice for many years, particularly for treatment of lower back pain (LBP). This exploratory study measured and analysed the effect of a spinal mobilisatio... Read More about Immediate effect of a spinal mobilisation intervention on muscle stiffness, tone and elasticity in subjects with lower back pain – A randomised cross-over trial.

Type 1 diabetes patients increase CXCR4+ and CXCR7+ haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cells with exercise, but the response is attenuated (2021)
Journal Article
Taylor, G. S., Shaw, A., Smith, K., Capper, T. E., Scragg, J. H., Cronin, M., …West, D. J. (2021). Type 1 diabetes patients increase CXCR4+ and CXCR7+ haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cells with exercise, but the response is attenuated. Scientific Reports, 11, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-93886-2

Background: Exercise mobilizes angiogenic cells, which stimulate vascular repair. However, limited research suggests exercise-induced increase of endothelial progenitor cell (EPCs) is completely lacking in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Clarification, along... Read More about Type 1 diabetes patients increase CXCR4+ and CXCR7+ haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cells with exercise, but the response is attenuated.

Self-reported sports injuries and later-life health status in 3357 retired Olympians from 131 countries: a cross-sectional survey among those competing in the games between London 1948 and PyeongChang 2018 (2020)
Journal Article
Palmer, D., Cooper, D. J., Emery, C., Batt, M. E., Engebretsen, L., Scammell, B. E., …Budgett, R. (2020). Self-reported sports injuries and later-life health status in 3357 retired Olympians from 131 countries: a cross-sectional survey among those competing in the games between London 1948 and PyeongChang 2018. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 55(1), 46-53. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101772

Objective: Describe the self-reported prevalence and nature of Olympic-career injury and general health and current residual symptoms in a self-selected sample of retired Olympians. Methods: 3357 retired Olympians from 131 countries completed a cr... Read More about Self-reported sports injuries and later-life health status in 3357 retired Olympians from 131 countries: a cross-sectional survey among those competing in the games between London 1948 and PyeongChang 2018.

An acute dose of inorganic dietary nitrate does not improve high-intensity, intermittent exercise performance in temperate or hot and humid conditions (2019)
Journal Article
Smith, K., Muggeridge, D. J., Easton, C., & Ross, M. D. (2019). An acute dose of inorganic dietary nitrate does not improve high-intensity, intermittent exercise performance in temperate or hot and humid conditions. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 119(3), 723-733. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-018-04063-9

Purpose: Dietary nitrate (NO3-) has repeatedly been shown to improve endurance and intermittent, high-intensity events in temperate conditions. However, the ergogenic effects of dietary NO3- on intermittent exercise performance in hot conditions has... Read More about An acute dose of inorganic dietary nitrate does not improve high-intensity, intermittent exercise performance in temperate or hot and humid conditions.

Podiatry interventions to prevent falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Wylie, G., Torrens, C., Campbell, P., Frost, H., Gordon, A. L., Menz, H. B., …Morris, J. (2019). Podiatry interventions to prevent falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Age and ageing, 48(3), 327-336. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afy189

Background foot problems are independent risk factors for falls in older people. Podiatrists diagnose and treat a wide range of problems affecting the feet, ankles and lower limbs. However, the effectiveness of podiatry interventions to prevent fall... Read More about Podiatry interventions to prevent falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing on adult behaviour change in health and social care settings: A systematic review of reviews (2018)
Journal Article
Frost, H., Campbell, P., Maxwell, M., O’Carroll, R. E., Dombrowski, S. U., Williams, B., …Pollock, A. (2018). Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing on adult behaviour change in health and social care settings: A systematic review of reviews. PLOS ONE, 13(10), Article e0204890. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204890

Background The challenge of addressing unhealthy lifestyle choice is of global concern. Motivational Interviewing has been widely implemented to help people change their behaviour, but it is unclear for whom it is most beneficial. This overview aims... Read More about Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing on adult behaviour change in health and social care settings: A systematic review of reviews.

Diurnal Variation in Physiological and Immune Responses to Endurance Sport in Highly Trained Runners in a Hot and Humid Environment (2018)
Journal Article
Boukelia, Z., Gomes, E. C., & Florida-James, G. D. (2018). Diurnal Variation in Physiological and Immune Responses to Endurance Sport in Highly Trained Runners in a Hot and Humid Environment. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2018, Article 3402143. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3402143

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological and immunological response of highly trained runners to an intense bout of exercise performed at two different times of day, in a hot, humid environment. Methods. Using a crossov... Read More about Diurnal Variation in Physiological and Immune Responses to Endurance Sport in Highly Trained Runners in a Hot and Humid Environment.

Comparison of Heart Rate Responses Between Coronary Heart Disease and Age-Matched Normal Subjects in Water-and Land-Based Exercise: A Pilot Study (2017)
Journal Article
Graham, S. M., Baird, M. F., Connaboy, C., & Thow, M. (2017). Comparison of Heart Rate Responses Between Coronary Heart Disease and Age-Matched Normal Subjects in Water-and Land-Based Exercise: A Pilot Study. Journal of Aquatic Physical Therapy, 25(2), 1-6

Background and purpose. Exercise therapy is an integral component of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Currently, land-based exercise classes are prescribed in Phase IV CR. However, with its unique properties, water-based exercise potentially offers an al... Read More about Comparison of Heart Rate Responses Between Coronary Heart Disease and Age-Matched Normal Subjects in Water-and Land-Based Exercise: A Pilot Study.

Army boots are blamed for injuries (2017)
Other
Graham, S., & Martindale, R. (2017). Army boots are blamed for injuries. Uk

The study investigated loads and impact using British military drill boots.

Will Soldiers be quick marching in trainers? (2017)
Other
Graham, S., & Martindale, R. (2017). Will Soldiers be quick marching in trainers?. UK

The study investigated loads and impact using British military drill boots.

Promotion of physical activity interventions for community dwelling older adults: A systematic review of reviews (2017)
Journal Article
Zubala, A., MacGillivray, S., Frost, H., Kroll, T., Skelton, D. A., Gavine, A., …Morris, J. (2017). Promotion of physical activity interventions for community dwelling older adults: A systematic review of reviews. PLOS ONE, 12(7), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0180902

Objectives While there is strong evidence that regular participation in physical activity (PA) brings numerous health benefits to older adults, and interventions to effectively promote PA are being developed and tested, the characteristics and compon... Read More about Promotion of physical activity interventions for community dwelling older adults: A systematic review of reviews.

Hypomorphic conditional deletion of E11/Podoplanin reveals a role in osteocyte dendrite elongation. (2017)
Journal Article
Buttle, D. J., Pitsillides, A. A., Staines, K. A., Javaheri, B., Hohenstein, P., Fleming, R., …Farquharson, C. (2017). Hypomorphic conditional deletion of E11/Podoplanin reveals a role in osteocyte dendrite elongation. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 232(11), 3006-3019. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.25999

The transmembrane glycoprotein E11/Podoplanin (Pdpn) has been implicated in the initial stages of osteocyte differentiation. However, its precise function and regulatory mechanisms are still unknown. Due to the known embryonic lethality induced by gl... Read More about Hypomorphic conditional deletion of E11/Podoplanin reveals a role in osteocyte dendrite elongation..

Association between bisphosphonate therapy and outcomes from rehabilitation in older people (2017)
Journal Article
Goodbrand, J. A., Hughes, L. D., Cochrane, L., Donnan, P. T., McGilchrist, M., Frost, H., …Witham, M. D. (2017). Association between bisphosphonate therapy and outcomes from rehabilitation in older people. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 70, 195-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2017.01.017

Background Bisphosphonate therapy may have actions beyond bone, including effects on cardiovascular, immune and muscle function. We tested whether bisphosphonate treatment is associated with improved outcomes in older people undergoing inpatient reh... Read More about Association between bisphosphonate therapy and outcomes from rehabilitation in older people.

Reliability of the Kinetics of British Army Foot-Drill in Untrained Personnel (2017)
Journal Article
Rawcliffe, A. J., Simpson, R. J., Graham, S. M., Psycharakis, S. G., Moir, G. L., & Connaboy, C. (2017). Reliability of the Kinetics of British Army Foot-Drill in Untrained Personnel. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 31(2), 435-444. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000001492

The purpose of this study was to quantify the reliability of kinetic variables of British Army foot drill performance within untrained civilians and report the magnitude of vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) and vertical rate of force development... Read More about Reliability of the Kinetics of British Army Foot-Drill in Untrained Personnel.

The STR/ort mouse model of spontaneous osteoarthritis – an update (2016)
Journal Article
Staines, K. A., Poulet, B., Wentworth, D. N., & Pitsillides, A. A. (2017). The STR/ort mouse model of spontaneous osteoarthritis – an update. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 25(6), 802-808. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2016.12.014

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease and a world-wide healthcare burden. Characterized by cartilage degradation, subchondral bone thickening and osteophyte formation, osteoarthritis inflicts much pain and suffering, for which there are curr... Read More about The STR/ort mouse model of spontaneous osteoarthritis – an update.