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Influence of menstruation on training schedules in female mountain bike athletes (2022)
Presentation / Conference
Aitkenhead, R., Kirkwood, L., Florida-James, G., & Ingram-Sills, L. (2022, April). Influence of menstruation on training schedules in female mountain bike athletes. Poster presented at The Biomedical Basis of Elite Performance 2022 (The Physiological Society), Nottingham

Female participation in elite sport is rising, the most recent Olympic games, Tokyo 2020, was the most gender-balanced games in history but research within female athletes is lacking. This study investigated if different phases of the menstrual cycle... Read More about Influence of menstruation on training schedules in female mountain bike athletes.

Trail use, motivations and environmental attitudes of 3780 European mountain bikers: what is sustainable? (2021)
Journal Article
Campbell, T., Kirkwood, L., McLean, G., Torsius, M., & Florida-James, G. (2021). Trail use, motivations and environmental attitudes of 3780 European mountain bikers: what is sustainable?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(24), https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182412971

Background: The extent to which mountain biking impacts upon the environment is largely determined by rider behaviours. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of how mountain bikers interact with the natural environment and expl... Read More about Trail use, motivations and environmental attitudes of 3780 European mountain bikers: what is sustainable?.

“I feel happy when I surf because it takes stress from my mind”: An Initial Exploration of Program Theory within Waves for Change Surf Therapy in Post-Conflict Liberia (2020)
Journal Article
Marshall, J., Ferrier, B., Ward, P., & Martindale, R. (2020). “I feel happy when I surf because it takes stress from my mind”: An Initial Exploration of Program Theory within Waves for Change Surf Therapy in Post-Conflict Liberia. Journal of Sport for Development, 9(1),

Surf therapy is a novel form of sport for development (SFD) intervention being utilized to support well-being within post-conflict settings. There is currently little research exploring surf therapy program theory in SFD contexts. Theoretical explora... Read More about “I feel happy when I surf because it takes stress from my mind”: An Initial Exploration of Program Theory within Waves for Change Surf Therapy in Post-Conflict Liberia.

Trail Sector Stakeholder & Consumer Survey (DIRTT Project Report) (2020)
Report
Campbell, T., & Kirkwood, L. (2020). Trail Sector Stakeholder & Consumer Survey (DIRTT Project Report). International Mountain Bike Association

The mountain bike trail user survey forms part of the "Developing Intereuropean Resources for Trail builder Training (DIRTT)" project, funded under the ERASMUS+ programme, which aims to develop an educational framework and professional training progr... Read More about Trail Sector Stakeholder & Consumer Survey (DIRTT Project Report).

The Impact of Sprint Interval Training Frequency on Blood Glucose Control and Physical Function of Older Adults (2020)
Journal Article
Adamson, S., Kavaliauskas, M., Lorimer, R., & Babraj, J. (2020). The Impact of Sprint Interval Training Frequency on Blood Glucose Control and Physical Function of Older Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(2), 454. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020454

Exercise is a powerful tool for improving health in older adults, but the minimum frequency required is not known. This study sought to determine the effect of training frequency of sprint interval training (SIT) on health and physical function in ol... Read More about The Impact of Sprint Interval Training Frequency on Blood Glucose Control and Physical Function of Older Adults.

Unsuccessful Transitions: Understanding Dropout from the Athlete's Perspective (2019)
Journal Article
Andronikos, G., Westbury, T., & Martindale, R. J. (2019). Unsuccessful Transitions: Understanding Dropout from the Athlete's Perspective. Athens Journal of Sports, 6(4), 195-214. https://doi.org/10.30958/ajspo.6-4-2

Limited studies have investigated the experiences of athletes who did not "make it" to elite level. To target this research gap, this study accessed and investigated this hard to reach population in order to understand the development and transition... Read More about Unsuccessful Transitions: Understanding Dropout from the Athlete's Perspective.

Psychological factors and future performance of football players: a systematic review with meta-analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Ivarsson, A., Kilhage-Persson, A., Martindale, R., Priestley, D., Huijgen, B., Ardern, C., & McCall, A. (2020). Psychological factors and future performance of football players: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 3(4), Article 415-420. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.10.021

Objectives: This systematic review had 3 key objectives: (1) to investigate whether psychological factors were associated with future football performance ( e.g., progression to professional football, better game statistics during the next season); (... Read More about Psychological factors and future performance of football players: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

Changes in lactate kinetics underpin soccer performance adaptations to cycling-based sprint interval training (2019)
Journal Article
Thom, G., Kavaliauskas, M., & Babraj, J. (2019). Changes in lactate kinetics underpin soccer performance adaptations to cycling-based sprint interval training. European Journal of Sport Science, 20(4), 486-494. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2019.1635650

In adolescent soccer, 23% of the distance covers happens at speeds above onset of blood lactate accumulation which suggests that lactate kinetics may be important for soccer performance. We sought to determine the effectiveness of sprint interval tra... Read More about Changes in lactate kinetics underpin soccer performance adaptations to cycling-based sprint interval training.

The Talent Development Environment Questionnaire as a Tool to Drive Excellence in Elite Sport Environments (2019)
Journal Article
Hall, A., Jones, L., & Martindale, R. (2019). The Talent Development Environment Questionnaire as a Tool to Drive Excellence in Elite Sport Environments. International Sport Coaching Journal / ISCJ, 6(2), 187-198

Currently, little work has evaluated the impact of interventions within talent development environments (TDEs). This study is the first of its kind to evaluate the efficacy of utilising the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire (TDEQ) as a to... Read More about The Talent Development Environment Questionnaire as a Tool to Drive Excellence in Elite Sport Environments.

Relationships between talent development environments and mental toughness: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction (2019)
Journal Article
Li, C., Martindale, R., & Sun, Y. (2019). Relationships between talent development environments and mental toughness: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction. Journal of Sports Sciences, 37(18), 2057-2065. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1620979

Although the talent development environment and mental toughness are critical for athletes to realise their athletic potential, there is a dearth of literature on whether the talent development environment can enhance mental toughness among those ath... Read More about Relationships between talent development environments and mental toughness: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction.

Rugby (2018)
Journal Article
Campbell, T. (2018). Rugby. Ology: Reviews in Applied Sciences, 1, 4-5. https://doi.org/10.14297/ras.v1i1.2

Rugby the afterlife explores the transition from playing career to a life after the final whistle blows. The book, which is framed against a changing landscape as rugby entered the professional era, presents the individual accounts of how 23 former... Read More about Rugby.

Early Adaptations to a Two-Week Uphill Run Sprint Interval Training and Cycle Sprint Interval Training (2018)
Journal Article
Kavaliauskas, M., Jakeman, J., & Babraj, J. (2018). Early Adaptations to a Two-Week Uphill Run Sprint Interval Training and Cycle Sprint Interval Training. Sports, 6(3), 72. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6030072

This study sought to compare early physiological and performance adaptations between a two-week cycle sprint interval training (SIT) and uphill run sprint training (UST) programs. Seventeen recreationally active adult males (age = 28 ± 5 years; body... Read More about Early Adaptations to a Two-Week Uphill Run Sprint Interval Training and Cycle Sprint Interval Training.

Accuracy and precision of wearable inertia sensor during a free-weight back squat. (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Kavaliauskas, M., Morrison, A., & Potts, N. (2018, July). Accuracy and precision of wearable inertia sensor during a free-weight back squat. Poster presented at 23rd Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Dublin

INTRODUCTION: Previous research investigating the validity and reliability of the PUSH™ (PUSH Inc., Toronto, Canada) wearable inertia sensor during a back squat exercise has produced conflicting results (Balsalobre-Fernández et al., 2016; Banyard et... Read More about Accuracy and precision of wearable inertia sensor during a free-weight back squat..

The value of participating in British exploring society expeditions: a three year multi-cohort study (2018)
Journal Article
Allison, P., Martindale, R., Stott, T., Gray, S., Nash, C., Fraser, K., & Wang, J. (2018). The value of participating in British exploring society expeditions: a three year multi-cohort study. Acta Universitatis Carolinae: Kinanthropologica, 54(1), 5-15. https://doi.org/10.14712/23366052.2018.1

A primary aim of many expeditions is to facilitate personal development of young people and while there is much anecdotal evidence to support this aim, there is limited empirical work of varied quality that explores the specific nature of such benefi... Read More about The value of participating in British exploring society expeditions: a three year multi-cohort study.

Diurnal Variation in Physiological and Immune Responses to Endurance Sport in Highly Trained Runners in a Hot and Humid Environment (2018)
Journal Article
Boukelia, Z., Gomes, E. C., & Florida-James, G. D. (2018). Diurnal Variation in Physiological and Immune Responses to Endurance Sport in Highly Trained Runners in a Hot and Humid Environment. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2018, Article 3402143. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3402143

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological and immunological response of highly trained runners to an intense bout of exercise performed at two different times of day, in a hot, humid environment. Methods. Using a crossov... Read More about Diurnal Variation in Physiological and Immune Responses to Endurance Sport in Highly Trained Runners in a Hot and Humid Environment.

Relative age effects in international age group championships: A study of Spanish track and field athletes (2018)
Journal Article
Brazo-Sayavera, J., Martínez-Valencia, M. A., Müller, L., Andronikos, G., & Martindale, R. J. J. (2018). Relative age effects in international age group championships: A study of Spanish track and field athletes. PLOS ONE, 13(4), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196386

The relative age effect is a well-researched phenomenon, however there is still a dearth of understanding in track and field and female sport. This study investigated the role of relative age on selection for international competition of Spanish age... Read More about Relative age effects in international age group championships: A study of Spanish track and field athletes.