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Solar Window Innovations: Enhancing Building Performance through Advanced Technologies (2024)
Journal Article
Ghamari, M., & Sundaram, S. (2024). Solar Window Innovations: Enhancing Building Performance through Advanced Technologies. Energies, 17(14), Article 3369. https://doi.org/10.3390/en17143369

Building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) glazing systems with intelligent window technologies enhance building energy efficiency by generating electricity and managing daylighting. This study explores advanced BIPV glazing, focusing on building-integr... Read More about Solar Window Innovations: Enhancing Building Performance through Advanced Technologies.

Advancing sustainable building through passive cooling with phase change materials, a comprehensive literature review (2024)
Journal Article
Ghamari, M., See, C. H., Hughes, D., Mallick, T., Reddy, K. S., Patchigolla, K., & Sundaram, S. (2024). Advancing sustainable building through passive cooling with phase change materials, a comprehensive literature review. Energy and Buildings, 312, Article 114164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2024.114164

Phase Change Materials (PCMs) present cutting-edge technology with substantial promise for advancing sustainable and energy-efficient cooling in buildings. These materials can absorb and release latent heat during phase transitions, facilitating ther... Read More about Advancing sustainable building through passive cooling with phase change materials, a comprehensive literature review.

Opto-electrochemical variation with gel polymer electrolytes in transparent electrochemical capacitors for ionotronics (2024)
Journal Article
Kumar, C., Sebastian, A. K., Markapudi, P. R., Beg, M., Sundaram, S., Hussain, A., & Manjakkal, L. (2024). Opto-electrochemical variation with gel polymer electrolytes in transparent electrochemical capacitors for ionotronics. Applied Physics Letters, 124(11), Article 111603. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0190801

Advanced flexible ionotronic devices have found excellent applications in the next generation of electronic skin (e-skin) development for smart wearables, robotics, and prosthesis. In this work, we developed transparent ionotronic-based flexible elec... Read More about Opto-electrochemical variation with gel polymer electrolytes in transparent electrochemical capacitors for ionotronics.

Solar Wall Technology and Its Impact on Building Performance (2024)
Journal Article
Ghamari, M., & Sundaram, S. (2024). Solar Wall Technology and Its Impact on Building Performance. Energies, 17(5), Article 1075. https://doi.org/10.3390/en17051075

Solar walls provide transformative solutions by harnessing solar energy to generate electricity, improve thermal comfort, and reduce energy consumption and emissions, contributing to zero-energy buildings and mitigating climate change. In hot and hum... Read More about Solar Wall Technology and Its Impact on Building Performance.

Facile synthesis: from Laminaria hyperborea to cellulose films and fibers (2023)
Journal Article
Dai, Y., Sun, D., Sundaram, S., Delbusso, A., O’Rourke, D., Dorris, M., & Edirisinghe, M. (2024). Facile synthesis: from Laminaria hyperborea to cellulose films and fibers. Cellulose, 31(1), 205-216. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-023-05606-w

Inverted nozzle-pressurized gyration was used as a processing methodology for regenerating cellulose extracted from Laminaria hyperborea for the first time. The viscoelasticity of cellulose/1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (EMIM OAc) solutions exh... Read More about Facile synthesis: from Laminaria hyperborea to cellulose films and fibers.

Sludge-derived biochar: Physicochemical characteristics for environmental remediation (2023)
Journal Article
Mayilswamy, N., Nighojkar, A., Edirisinghe, M., Sundaram, S., & Kandasubramanian, B. (2023). Sludge-derived biochar: Physicochemical characteristics for environmental remediation. Applied Physics Reviews, 10(3), Article 031308. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0137651

The global production of fecal wastes is envisioned to reach a very high tonnage by 2030. Perilous handling and consequential exposition of human and animal fecal matter are inextricably linked with stunted growth, enteric diseases, inadequate cognit... Read More about Sludge-derived biochar: Physicochemical characteristics for environmental remediation.

Effectual visible light photocatalytic reduction of para-nitro phenol using reduced graphene oxide and ZnO composite (2023)
Journal Article
Velusamy, S., Roy, A., Mariam, E., Krishnamurthy, S., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2023). Effectual visible light photocatalytic reduction of para-nitro phenol using reduced graphene oxide and ZnO composite. Scientific Reports, 13(1), Article 9521. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-36574-7

Removing wastewater pollutants using semiconducting-based heterogeneous photocatalysis is an advantageous technique because it provides strong redox power charge carriers under sunlight irradiation. In this study, we synthesized a composite of reduce... Read More about Effectual visible light photocatalytic reduction of para-nitro phenol using reduced graphene oxide and ZnO composite.

Enlightening the temperature coefficient of triple mesoscopic CH3NH3PbI3−xClx/NiO and double mesoscopic CsFAMAPbI3−xBrx/CuSCN carbon perovskite solar cells (2023)
Journal Article
Bhandari, S., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2023). Enlightening the temperature coefficient of triple mesoscopic CH3NH3PbI3−xClx/NiO and double mesoscopic CsFAMAPbI3−xBrx/CuSCN carbon perovskite solar cells. JPhs Energy, 5(2), Article 025006. https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7655/acc3c2

Temperature is one of the most crucial outdoor variables that influence the photovoltaic performance and stability of carbon perovskite solar cells (CPSCs), although not many reports are there on temperature-dependent CPSCs performance based on vario... Read More about Enlightening the temperature coefficient of triple mesoscopic CH3NH3PbI3−xClx/NiO and double mesoscopic CsFAMAPbI3−xBrx/CuSCN carbon perovskite solar cells.

Fuel Cell Products for Sustainable Transportation and Stationary Power Generation: Review on Market Perspective (2023)
Journal Article
Visvanathan, V. K., Palaniswamy, K., Ponnaiyan, D., Chandran, M., Kumaresan, T., Ramasamy, J., & Sundaram, S. (2023). Fuel Cell Products for Sustainable Transportation and Stationary Power Generation: Review on Market Perspective. Energies, 16(6), Article 2748. https://doi.org/10.3390/en16062748

The present day energy supply scenario is unsustainable and the transition towards a more environmentally friendly energy supply system of the future is inevitable. Hydrogen is a potential fuel that is capable of assisting with this transition. Certa... Read More about Fuel Cell Products for Sustainable Transportation and Stationary Power Generation: Review on Market Perspective.

Photovoltaics Beyond Silicon (2023)
Book
Sundaram, S., Subramaniam, V., Raffaelle, R. P., Nazeeruddin, M. K., Morales-Acevedo, A., Navarro, M. B., & Hepp, A. F. (Eds.). (in press). Photovoltaics Beyond Silicon. Elsevier

Certified high-efficiency "large-area" perovskite solar cells module for Fresnel lens-based concentrated photovoltaic (2023)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Ding, B., Khalid, M., Alzahrani, M., Ding, Y., Tahir, A. A., Sundaram, S., Kinge, S., Asiri, A. M., Slonopas, A., Dyson, P. J., Nazeeruddin, M. K., & Mallick, T. K. (2023). Certified high-efficiency "large-area" perovskite solar cells module for Fresnel lens-based concentrated photovoltaic. iScience, 26(3), Article 106079. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2023.106079

The future of energy generation is well in tune with the critical needs of the global economy, leading to more green innovations and emissions-abatement technologies. Introducing concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) is one of the most promising technologi... Read More about Certified high-efficiency "large-area" perovskite solar cells module for Fresnel lens-based concentrated photovoltaic.

Mesoporous TiO2-layer’s rheological impact on the perovskite solar cell performance (2023)
Journal Article
Valsalakumar, S., Roy, A., Mallick, T. K., Hinshelwood, J., & Sundaram, S. (2023). Mesoporous TiO2-layer’s rheological impact on the perovskite solar cell performance. Materials Letters, 337, Article 133960. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2023.133960

The rheological impact of the mesoporous-TiO2 (m-TiO2) layer was investigated, which impacted perovskite solar cell (PSC) performance. This also implies the significance of morphological variations according to the pastes’ viscosity and corresponding... Read More about Mesoporous TiO2-layer’s rheological impact on the perovskite solar cell performance.

Semitransparent Perovskite Solar Cells for Building Integrated Photovoltaics: Recent Advances (2023)
Journal Article
Srivishnu, K. S., Markapudi, P. R., Sundaram, S., & Giribabu, L. (2023). Semitransparent Perovskite Solar Cells for Building Integrated Photovoltaics: Recent Advances. Energies, 16(2), Article 889. https://doi.org/10.3390/en16020889

Perovskite solar cells technology is one of the most advanced and fascinating technologies in the field of photovoltaics due to its low-cost processing and delivering efficient power conversion efficiencies. The ability to become transparent is anoth... Read More about Semitransparent Perovskite Solar Cells for Building Integrated Photovoltaics: Recent Advances.

An Overview of Current Printing Technologies for Large-Scale Perovskite Solar Cell Development (2022)
Journal Article
Valsalakumar, S., Roy, A., Mallick, T. K., Hinshelwood, J., & Sundaram, S. (2022). An Overview of Current Printing Technologies for Large-Scale Perovskite Solar Cell Development. Energies, 16(1), Article 190. https://doi.org/10.3390/en16010190

The power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have seen significant performance improvements between 2012 and 2022. PSCs have excellent optoelectronic properties and can be built using low-cost materials. In order to compe... Read More about An Overview of Current Printing Technologies for Large-Scale Perovskite Solar Cell Development.

Studies on anode mass composition and cathode flow field design for small-scale to large-scale direct methanol fuel cell stack systems (2022)
Journal Article
Kumaresan, T., Palaniswamy, K., Fly, A., & Sundaram, S. (2022). Studies on anode mass composition and cathode flow field design for small-scale to large-scale direct methanol fuel cell stack systems. AIP advances, 12(12), Article 125316. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0121729

In this research, the performance studies of a single cell Direct Methanol Fuel Cell with three different mass compositions (20%, 40%, and 60%) of platinum at anode infused in NiTiO3/C and multiple cathode flow fields, such as serpentine, parallel, a... Read More about Studies on anode mass composition and cathode flow field design for small-scale to large-scale direct methanol fuel cell stack systems.

Co-sensitization effect of N719 dye with Cu doped CdS colloidal nanoparticles for dye sensitized solar cells (2022)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Mohamed, M., Gondal, M., Mallick, T. K., Tahir, A. A., & Sundaram, S. (2023). Co-sensitization effect of N719 dye with Cu doped CdS colloidal nanoparticles for dye sensitized solar cells. Inorganic Chemistry Communications, 148, Article 110298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.inoche.2022.110298

Dye-sensitized solar cell’s (DSSC) performances are enhanced by engineering the materials at the interface of various device components owing to easy and inexpensive fabrication steps. Ru (II) polypyridyl-based synthetic dyes are the most widely used... Read More about Co-sensitization effect of N719 dye with Cu doped CdS colloidal nanoparticles for dye sensitized solar cells.

Achieving high open circuit voltage for hole transport layer free ambient perovskite solar cells utilizing electric double layer effect (2022)
Journal Article
Sadhukhan, P., Roy, A., Bhandari, S., Mallick, T. K., Das, S., & Sundaram, S. (2023). Achieving high open circuit voltage for hole transport layer free ambient perovskite solar cells utilizing electric double layer effect. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 251, Article 112148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2022.112148

One of the features of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) that make them stand out among all photovoltaics (PVs) is their high open-circuit voltage (VOC). Owing to their simple manufacturing process, low cost of components, and good stability, carbon elec... Read More about Achieving high open circuit voltage for hole transport layer free ambient perovskite solar cells utilizing electric double layer effect.

Energy Storage Systems: Optimization and Applications (2022)
Book
Mathew, V. K., Hotta, T. K., Ali, H. M., & Sundaram, S. (Eds.). (2022). Energy Storage Systems: Optimization and Applications. Singapore: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-4502-1

This book discusses generalized applications of energy storage systems using experimental, numerical, analytical, and optimization approaches. The book includes novel and hybrid optimization techniques developed for energy storage systems. It provide... Read More about Energy Storage Systems: Optimization and Applications.

An enduring in vitro wound healing phase recipient by bioactive glass-graphene oxide nanocomposites (2022)
Journal Article
Nandhakumar, M., Thangaian, D. T., Sundaram, S., Roy, A., & Subramanian, B. (2022). An enduring in vitro wound healing phase recipient by bioactive glass-graphene oxide nanocomposites. Scientific Reports, 12(1), Article 16162. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-20575-z

Bioactive glass (BG) is an interesting topic in soft tissue engineering because of its biocompatibility and bonding potential to increase fibroblast cell proliferation, synthesize growth factors, and stimulate granulation tissue development. The prop... Read More about An enduring in vitro wound healing phase recipient by bioactive glass-graphene oxide nanocomposites.

Reliability and temperature limits of the focal spot of a primary optical component for an ultra-high concentrated photovoltaic system (2022)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Ahmed, A., Alzahrani, M., Shanks, K., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2022). Reliability and temperature limits of the focal spot of a primary optical component for an ultra-high concentrated photovoltaic system. . https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0099091

Concentrated photovoltaics (CPV) are competent systems for generating electrical power as they depend on a highly efficient semiconducting material. In this paper, we study the indoor thermal and electrical performances of silicon on glass Fresnel le... Read More about Reliability and temperature limits of the focal spot of a primary optical component for an ultra-high concentrated photovoltaic system.

Soiling mapping through optical losses for Nigeria (2022)
Journal Article
Chanchangi, Y. N., Ghosh, A., Micheli, L., Fernández, E. F., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2022). Soiling mapping through optical losses for Nigeria. Renewable Energy, 197, 995-1008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2022.07.019

Soiling consists of the accumulation of dust on the solar panel's surface and has a deleterious effect on solar photovoltaic devices' performance, which varies with location. However, soiling losses and rates are significantly under-reported or under... Read More about Soiling mapping through optical losses for Nigeria.

Phase Stability and Electronic Properties of Hybrid Organic--Inorganic Perovskite Solid Solution (CH (NH2) 2) x (CH3NH3) 1--x Pb (Br y I1--y) 3 as a Function of Composition (2022)
Journal Article
Chan, T. H., Taylor, N. T., Sundaram, S., & Hepplestone, S. P. (2022). Phase Stability and Electronic Properties of Hybrid Organic--Inorganic Perovskite Solid Solution (CH (NH2) 2) x (CH3NH3) 1--x Pb (Br y I1--y) 3 as a Function of Composition. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 126(32), 13640-13648. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.2c03555

Compositional mixing provides the means to maintain the structural stability of a hybrid organic–inorganic perovskite for efficient and robust photovoltaic applications. Here we present a theoretical, first-principles study of the electronic and ener... Read More about Phase Stability and Electronic Properties of Hybrid Organic--Inorganic Perovskite Solid Solution (CH (NH2) 2) x (CH3NH3) 1--x Pb (Br y I1--y) 3 as a Function of Composition.

Nanotechnology-Based Treatment Strategies for the Removal of Antibiotics and Their By-Products from Wastewater (2022)
Book Chapter
Pachamal, N., Dharmarajan, R., Sundaram, S. S., & Rajendran, S. (2022). Nanotechnology-Based Treatment Strategies for the Removal of Antibiotics and Their By-Products from Wastewater. In P. Chakraborty, & D. Snow (Eds.), Legacy and Emerging Contaminants in Water and Wastewater: Monitoring, Risk Assessment and Remediation Techniques (339-360). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-95443-7_15

Antibiotic resistance has become a serious issue throughout the world due to its inappropriate use and overdosing in pharmaceutical therapies and veterinary and agricultural applications. The cause of increasing antibiotic resistance is the slow and... Read More about Nanotechnology-Based Treatment Strategies for the Removal of Antibiotics and Their By-Products from Wastewater.

Morphology modulated brookite TiO2 and BaSnO3 as alternative electron transport materials for enhanced performance of carbon perovskite solar cells (2022)
Journal Article
Bhandari, S., Roy, A., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2022). Morphology modulated brookite TiO2 and BaSnO3 as alternative electron transport materials for enhanced performance of carbon perovskite solar cells. Chemical Engineering Journal, 446(5), Article 137378. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2022.137378

Designing alternatives to TiO2 electron-transport layers (ETLs) for facile electron extraction and transport to enhance the efficiency of n-i-p structured carbon perovskite solar cells (CPSC) is still a less explored research interest. In this work,... Read More about Morphology modulated brookite TiO2 and BaSnO3 as alternative electron transport materials for enhanced performance of carbon perovskite solar cells.

Concern for heavy metal ion water pollution: Their strategic detection and removal opportunities (2022)
Book Chapter
Velusamy, S., Roy, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2022). Concern for heavy metal ion water pollution: Their strategic detection and removal opportunities. In M. Kumar, S. Mohapatra, & K. Acharya (Eds.), Contaminants of Emerging Concerns and Reigning Removal Technologies. CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003247869-13

Unsatisfactory insubstantial infrastructure and restricted management systems increase the possibility of water stress and may lead to a predictable water crisis in many locations. The water stress arises due to massive urbanisation and industrialisa... Read More about Concern for heavy metal ion water pollution: Their strategic detection and removal opportunities.

High Open-Circuit Voltage in Double Perovskite Oxide A2NdSbO6 (A= Ba, Sr) Photoanode-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (2022)
Journal Article
Sheikh, M. S., Ghosh, A., Roy, A., Bhandari, S., Sundaram, S., Mallick, T. K., Ghosh, H., & Sinha, T. (2022). High Open-Circuit Voltage in Double Perovskite Oxide A2NdSbO6 (A= Ba, Sr) Photoanode-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Journal of Electronic Materials, 51, 4281-4287. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-022-09681-w

Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) technology, with its low-cost simple fabrication process and promising photovoltaic performance, has become a potential candidate for solar energy conversion. Recently, perovskite oxide-based photoanodes, with the pot... Read More about High Open-Circuit Voltage in Double Perovskite Oxide A2NdSbO6 (A= Ba, Sr) Photoanode-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells.

Fabrication of dye sensitized solar cells using BaTiO3 blocking layer (2022)
Journal Article
Raja, S., Rathinam, K., Sundaram, S., Bellan, C. S., & others. (2022). Fabrication of dye sensitized solar cells using BaTiO3 blocking layer. Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, 24(3-4), 136-139

Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have great potential for solar generation due to their low cost and simplicity of fabrication compared with silicon-based photovoltaic devices. One of the major problems with TiO2-based DSSCs is the recombination lo... Read More about Fabrication of dye sensitized solar cells using BaTiO3 blocking layer.

Experimental study of temperature distribution effect on proton exchange membrane fuel cell using multi-pass serpentine channels (2022)
Journal Article
Ponnaiyan, D., Chandran, M., Kumaresan, T., Ramasamy, J., Palaniswamy, K., & Sundaram, S. (2022). Experimental study of temperature distribution effect on proton exchange membrane fuel cell using multi-pass serpentine channels. Materials Letters, 320, Article 132361. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2022.132361

The uniform temperature distribution is one of the key features to consider in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) to increase performance and minimize the local hot spot formation on the membrane for longer membrane life. This work experimen... Read More about Experimental study of temperature distribution effect on proton exchange membrane fuel cell using multi-pass serpentine channels.

Scaled up on direct methanol fuel cell under different operating conditions (2022)
Journal Article
Kumaresan, T., Ponniyan, D., Chandran, M., Ramasamy, J., Venkatachalam, V., Palaniswamy, K., & Sundaram, S. (2022). Scaled up on direct methanol fuel cell under different operating conditions. Materials Letters, 319, Article 132283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2022.132283

A direct methanol fuel cell with an active area of 100 cm2 was tested experimentally under a variety of operating situations to determine its overall performance. Different operational parameters, such as anode flow rate (1–5 ml/min), cathode reactan... Read More about Scaled up on direct methanol fuel cell under different operating conditions.

Nigeria's energy review: Focusing on solar energy potential and penetration (2022)
Journal Article
Chanchangi, Y. N., Adu, F., Ghosh, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2023). Nigeria's energy review: Focusing on solar energy potential and penetration. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 25, 5755-5796. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-022-02308-4

In Nigeria, the rapid population increase and the overreliance on fossil fuel have created significant environmental, health, political, and economic consequences leading to severe socio-economic drawbacks. These factors have developed a wide gap bet... Read More about Nigeria's energy review: Focusing on solar energy potential and penetration.

Review on solar dryers for drying fish, fruits, and vegetables (2022)
Journal Article
Natarajan, S. K., Elangovan, E., Elavarasan, R. M., Balaraman, A., & Sundaram, S. (2022). Review on solar dryers for drying fish, fruits, and vegetables. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29, 40478-40506. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-022-19714-w

India is one of the highly developing countries in the world and it has the second-largest agricultural source of income, which covers 61% of the entire income of the country. The most valuable income group, by giving the appropriate training in this... Read More about Review on solar dryers for drying fish, fruits, and vegetables.

Microbial fuel cells for mineralization and decolorization of azo dyes: Recent advances in design and materials (2022)
Journal Article
Yadav, A., Kumar, P., Rawat, D., Garg, S., Mukherjee, P., Farooqi, F., Roy, A., Sundaram, S., Sharma, R. S., & Mishra, V. (2022). Microbial fuel cells for mineralization and decolorization of azo dyes: Recent advances in design and materials. Science of the Total Environment, 826, Article 154038. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154038

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) exhibit tremendous potential in the sustainable management of dye wastewater via degrading azo dyes while generating electricity. The past decade has witnessed advances in MFC configurations and materials; however, compreh... Read More about Microbial fuel cells for mineralization and decolorization of azo dyes: Recent advances in design and materials.

Electrochemical analysis of nano-electro fuels based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoplatelets for vanadium redox flow batteries (2022)
Journal Article
Arumughan, J., Vijayakrishnan, M. K., Palaniswamy, K., Alam, T., Kumaresan, T., Angappamudaliar, S. K. P., & Sundaram, S. (2022). Electrochemical analysis of nano-electro fuels based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoplatelets for vanadium redox flow batteries. Materials Letters, 315, Article 131939. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2022.131939

The limited energy performance of vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFBs) prevents their commercialization on a large scale. Active research is conducted aiming enhancement of electrochemical properties of VRFBs, nanotechnology is constantly penetratin... Read More about Electrochemical analysis of nano-electro fuels based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoplatelets for vanadium redox flow batteries.

Thermal performance evaluation and energy saving potential of semi-transparent CdTe in Façade BIPV (2021)
Journal Article
Alrashidi, H., Issa, W., Sellami, N., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. (2022). Thermal performance evaluation and energy saving potential of semi-transparent CdTe in Façade BIPV. Solar Energy, 232, 84-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2021.12.037

Semi-transparent PV glazing are promising in Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) applications. They provide daylight control, energy saving and power generation. The selection of optimal Photovoltaic (PV) glazing requires the accounting for vario... Read More about Thermal performance evaluation and energy saving potential of semi-transparent CdTe in Façade BIPV.

The Opportunity of Cadmium Stannate as Transparent Conducting Oxide for Perovskite-Based Concentrated Photovoltaic System (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Khalid, M., Roy, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). The Opportunity of Cadmium Stannate as Transparent Conducting Oxide for Perovskite-Based Concentrated Photovoltaic System. . https://doi.org/10.4229/EUPVSEC20212021-3BV.1.7

The relative scarcity and high cost associated with indium or fluorine, fabrication approaches surface roughness, and low adhesion to polymeric materials are significant drawbacks for indium tin oxide (ITO) and fluorine tin oxide (FTO)-based transpar... Read More about The Opportunity of Cadmium Stannate as Transparent Conducting Oxide for Perovskite-Based Concentrated Photovoltaic System.

Employing CdS nanoparticles as an adsorbent for the removal of different dosages of hexavalent Cr (VI) from aqueous solution (2021)
Journal Article
Velusamy, S., Roy, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2022). Employing CdS nanoparticles as an adsorbent for the removal of different dosages of hexavalent Cr (VI) from aqueous solution. Materials Letters, 311, Article 131602. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2021.131602

The discharge of chromium effluent from various industries becomes a severe threat to the environment, creating a risk to human health and environmental aspects. In this study, Cr (VI) removal from aqueous solution by adsorption was investigated usin... Read More about Employing CdS nanoparticles as an adsorbent for the removal of different dosages of hexavalent Cr (VI) from aqueous solution.

The emergence of concentrator photovoltaics for perovskite solar cells (2021)
Journal Article
Sadhukhan, P., Roy, A., Sengupta, P., Das, S., Mallick, T. K., Nazeeruddin, M. K., & Sundaram, S. (2021). The emergence of concentrator photovoltaics for perovskite solar cells. Applied Physics Reviews, 8(4), Article 041324. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0062671

The emergence of high-efficiency photovoltaic research is undergoing intense study and is technologically desirable to meet sustainable energy and environmental demand. However, every single solar cell has a theoretical power conversion efficiency li... Read More about The emergence of concentrator photovoltaics for perovskite solar cells.

Application of MSVPC- 5G Multicast SDN Network Eminence Video Transmission in Drone Thermal Imaging for Solar Farm Monitoring (2021)
Journal Article
Rajagopal, T., Balakrishnan, A., Valsalakumar, S., Rajagopal, T., & Sundaram, S. (2021). Application of MSVPC- 5G Multicast SDN Network Eminence Video Transmission in Drone Thermal Imaging for Solar Farm Monitoring. Energies, 14(24), Article 8255. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14248255

The impact of multimedia in day-to-day life and its applications will be increased greatly with the proposed model (MSVPC)–5G Multicast SDN network eminence video transmission obtained using PSO and cross layer progress in wireless nodes. The drone i... Read More about Application of MSVPC- 5G Multicast SDN Network Eminence Video Transmission in Drone Thermal Imaging for Solar Farm Monitoring.

Cotton soot derived carbon nanoparticles for NiO supported processing temperature tuned ambient perovskite solar cells (2021)
Journal Article
Bhandari, S., Roy, A., Ali, M. S., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2021). Cotton soot derived carbon nanoparticles for NiO supported processing temperature tuned ambient perovskite solar cells. Scientific Reports, 11, Article 23388. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-02796-w

The emergence of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) in a "catfish effect" of other conventional photovoltaic technologies with the massive growth of high-power conversion efficiency (PCE) has given a new direction to the entire solar energy field. Replaci... Read More about Cotton soot derived carbon nanoparticles for NiO supported processing temperature tuned ambient perovskite solar cells.

A Review on Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicle Anatomy, Technology Evolution and Policy Drivers towards EVs and FCEVs Market Propagation (2021)
Journal Article
Chandran, M., Palanisamy, K., Benson, D., & Sundaram, S. (2022). A Review on Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicle Anatomy, Technology Evolution and Policy Drivers towards EVs and FCEVs Market Propagation. Chemical Record, 22(2), Article e202100235. https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.202100235

The transportation sector is the largest consumer of fossil fuels; making it a major producer of greenhouse gases. Due to declining fossil fuel reserves and increasingly stringent vehicle emission regulations globally, it is essential to shift to alt... Read More about A Review on Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicle Anatomy, Technology Evolution and Policy Drivers towards EVs and FCEVs Market Propagation.

Opportunities of copper addition in CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite and their photovoltaic performance evaluation (2021)
Journal Article
Khalid, M., Roy, A., Bhandari, S., Selvaraj, P., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2022). Opportunities of copper addition in CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite and their photovoltaic performance evaluation. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 895, Article 162626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.162626

Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have encountered a fulgurant development in their power-conversion efficiency (PCEs) generation in the drive to provide a facile, cheap and clean source of energy over just a few years. The most efficient PSCs are fabric... Read More about Opportunities of copper addition in CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite and their photovoltaic performance evaluation.

Nanostructured perovskite oxides for dye-sensitized solar cells (2021)
Journal Article
Sheikh, M. S., Roy, A., Dutta, A., Sundaram, S., Mallick, T. K., & Sinha, T. (2021). Nanostructured perovskite oxides for dye-sensitized solar cells. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 54(49), Article 493001. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ac252c

Since its discovery, the dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) technology with its low-cost, simple fabrication procedure and promising photovoltaic (PV) performance remains a fertile research topic. Most DSSC research is focused on the TiO2, ZnO and othe... Read More about Nanostructured perovskite oxides for dye-sensitized solar cells.

Optical component analysis for ultrahigh concentrated photovoltaic system (UHCPV) (2021)
Journal Article
Alzahrani, M., Ahmed, A., Shanks, K., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. (2021). Optical component analysis for ultrahigh concentrated photovoltaic system (UHCPV). Solar Energy, 227, 321-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2021.09.019

This article investigates the discrepancy between the theoretical and the experimental optical characterisation results of a Fresnel Lens - silicon on glass (SOG), as a primary optical component toward UHCPV of >3000 suns design (Shanks et al., 2018)... Read More about Optical component analysis for ultrahigh concentrated photovoltaic system (UHCPV).

Energy and exergy analyses of new cooling schemes based on a serpentine configuration for a high concentrator photovoltaic system (2021)
Journal Article
Ahmed, A., Shanks, K., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. (2021). Energy and exergy analyses of new cooling schemes based on a serpentine configuration for a high concentrator photovoltaic system. Applied Thermal Engineering, 199, Article 117528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2021.117528

High concentrator photovoltaic is expected to play an increasingly important role in electrical energy production. Controlling multijunction solar cell temperature within the recommended conditions is a key challenge that limits the functionality of... Read More about Energy and exergy analyses of new cooling schemes based on a serpentine configuration for a high concentrator photovoltaic system.

Surface Treatment of Industrial-Grade Magnetite Particles for Enhanced Thermal Stability and Mitigating Paint Contaminants (2021)
Journal Article
Sinhababu, M., Roy, A., Kumar, N., Dutta, M., Sundaram, S., Karazhanov, S., & Udayabhanu, G. (2021). Surface Treatment of Industrial-Grade Magnetite Particles for Enhanced Thermal Stability and Mitigating Paint Contaminants. Nanomaterials, 11(9), Article 2299. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11092299

Pigments can retain their color for many centuries and can withstand the effects of light and weather. The paint industry suffers from issues like aggressive moisture, corrosion, and further environmental contamination of the pigment materials. Low-c... Read More about Surface Treatment of Industrial-Grade Magnetite Particles for Enhanced Thermal Stability and Mitigating Paint Contaminants.

Soiling on PV performance influenced by weather parameters in Northern Nigeria (2021)
Journal Article
Chanchangi, Y. N., Ghosh, A., Baig, H., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Soiling on PV performance influenced by weather parameters in Northern Nigeria. Renewable Energy, 180, 874-892. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2021.08.090

The photovoltaic device's economic and environmental merits have made it the most suitable clean energy alternative to help developing countries achieve the SDG-7. However, the low efficiency of the device, which is undergoing massive study across th... Read More about Soiling on PV performance influenced by weather parameters in Northern Nigeria.

Simulation study for a switchable adaptive polymer dispersed liquid crystal smart window for two climate zones (Riyadh and London) (2021)
Journal Article
Hemaida, A., Ghosh, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Simulation study for a switchable adaptive polymer dispersed liquid crystal smart window for two climate zones (Riyadh and London). Energy and Buildings, 251, Article 111381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2021.111381

Polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) is an electrically switchable smart window, that can provide privacy and control solar radiation, resulting in a potential energy saving. The optical properties of the PDLC window can be altered from translucen... Read More about Simulation study for a switchable adaptive polymer dispersed liquid crystal smart window for two climate zones (Riyadh and London).

A New Model for Estimation of Energy Extraction from Bifacial Photovoltaic Modules (2021)
Journal Article
Sahu, P. K., Roy, J. N., Chakraborty, C., & Sundaram, S. (2021). A New Model for Estimation of Energy Extraction from Bifacial Photovoltaic Modules. Energies, 14(16), Article 5089. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14165089

The energy yield from bifacial solar photovoltaic (PV) systems can be enhanced by optimizing the tilt angle. Bifacial modules boost the energy yield by 4% to 15% depending on the module type and ground reflectivity with an average of 9%. The selectio... Read More about A New Model for Estimation of Energy Extraction from Bifacial Photovoltaic Modules.

Understanding the semi-switchable thermochromic behavior of mixed halide hybrid perovskite nanorods (2021)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Ullah, H., Ghosh, A., Baig, H., Sundaram, S., Tahir, A. A., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Understanding the semi-switchable thermochromic behavior of mixed halide hybrid perovskite nanorods. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 125(32), 18058-18070. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c05487

Intelligent regulation of solar irradiation and modulation of a window’s thermo-optical properties can be achieved using thermochromic (TC) coatings. In this work, the semi-switchable TC property of a mixed halide hybrid perovskite, CH3NH3PbI3–xBrx,... Read More about Understanding the semi-switchable thermochromic behavior of mixed halide hybrid perovskite nanorods.

Angular dependencies of soiling loss on photovoltaic performance in Nigeria (2021)
Journal Article
Chanchangi, Y. N., Ghosh, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Angular dependencies of soiling loss on photovoltaic performance in Nigeria. Solar Energy, 225, 108-121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2021.07.001

Photovoltaic performance is significantly affected by soiling on its covering surface, which is strongly influenced by its tilt angle. This raises concern for the potential investor, policymakers, engineers, and local populace in regions where the so... Read More about Angular dependencies of soiling loss on photovoltaic performance in Nigeria.

Intriguing CeO2–TiO2 hybrid nanostructured photoanode resulting up to 46% efficiency enhancement for dye-sensitized solar cells (2021)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Bhandari, S., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Intriguing CeO2–TiO2 hybrid nanostructured photoanode resulting up to 46% efficiency enhancement for dye-sensitized solar cells. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 272, Article 125036. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2021.125036

The harvesting of electrical energy from sunrays with low cost, clean form and prosperity is an excellent progression. In this context, significant advancement has been made in the solar energy area in terms of cell's design to enhance efficiency. Li... Read More about Intriguing CeO2–TiO2 hybrid nanostructured photoanode resulting up to 46% efficiency enhancement for dye-sensitized solar cells.

In-situ assessment of photovoltaic soiling mitigation techniques in northern Nigeria (2021)
Journal Article
Chanchangi, Y. N., Roy, A., Ghosh, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). In-situ assessment of photovoltaic soiling mitigation techniques in northern Nigeria. Energy Conversion and Management, 244, Article 114442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2021.114442

The photovoltaic (PV) system's performance suffers from intensifying external factors such as soiling, particularly in arid and semi-arid regions with massive solar energy potential. Mitigation techniques are one of the crucial factors to prevent and... Read More about In-situ assessment of photovoltaic soiling mitigation techniques in northern Nigeria.

Investigation of Thermal Stress Arising in a Graphene Neutral Density Filter for Concentrated Photovoltaic System (2021)
Journal Article
Alzahrani, M. M., Roy, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Investigation of Thermal Stress Arising in a Graphene Neutral Density Filter for Concentrated Photovoltaic System. Energies, 14(12), Article 3515. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123515

As an excellent heat spreader candidate, graphene attracts considerable interest concerning its application in concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) systems. The consequences of employing a graphene-coated neutral density (GCND) filter to mitigate concentr... Read More about Investigation of Thermal Stress Arising in a Graphene Neutral Density Filter for Concentrated Photovoltaic System.

Integrating Concentrated Optics for Ambient Perovskite Solar Cells (2021)
Journal Article
Khalid, M., Roy, A., Bhandari, S., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Integrating Concentrated Optics for Ambient Perovskite Solar Cells. Energies, 14(9), Article 2714. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092714

Metal halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are considered an effectual way to enhance photovoltaic (PV) properties, leading to low-cost and high efficiency. PSCs have experienced rapid improvement in the last ten years. The device’s energy production... Read More about Integrating Concentrated Optics for Ambient Perovskite Solar Cells.

Effect of dye sensitization’s temperature on ZnO-based solar cells (2021)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Effect of dye sensitization’s temperature on ZnO-based solar cells. Chemical Physics Letters, 776, Article 138688. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2021.138688

We have investigated the insights of photo-physical surface characteristics for Ru (II) polypyridyl dye (N719) sensitization and its performance in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) at different temperatures of ZnO-based photoanodes. The maximum pow... Read More about Effect of dye sensitization’s temperature on ZnO-based solar cells.

Eggshell Membrane Assisted CdS Nanoparticles for Manganese Removal in Water Treatment (2021)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Velusamy, S., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. (2021). Eggshell Membrane Assisted CdS Nanoparticles for Manganese Removal in Water Treatment. Advanced materials, 12(3), https://doi.org/10.5185/amlett.2021.031609

Domestic food waste chicken eggshells can produce naturally abundant protein-based eggshell membranes (ESMs), which is used as a less-explored source of sulphur to synthesize hexagonal CdS nanoparticles (NPs) under 365 nm (UVA) light irradiation. The... Read More about Eggshell Membrane Assisted CdS Nanoparticles for Manganese Removal in Water Treatment.

Modelling technique and analysis of porous anti-reflective coatings for reducing wide angle reflectance of thin-film solar cells (2021)
Journal Article
Pickering, T., Shanks, K., & Sundaram, S. (2021). Modelling technique and analysis of porous anti-reflective coatings for reducing wide angle reflectance of thin-film solar cells. Journal of Optics, 23(2), Article 025901. https://doi.org/10.1088/2040-8986/abeaec

Bio-inspired anti-reflective (AR) coatings with porous graded refractive index structures are known to considerably reduce the reflectance of light at optical interfaces, however, research is lacking for thin-film cell application. Ray Tracing softwa... Read More about Modelling technique and analysis of porous anti-reflective coatings for reducing wide angle reflectance of thin-film solar cells.

Experimental and numerical study on the effect of multiple phase change materials thermal energy storage system (2021)
Journal Article
Al Siyabi, I., Khanna, S., Mallick, T., & Sundaram, S. (2021). Experimental and numerical study on the effect of multiple phase change materials thermal energy storage system. Journal of Energy Storage, 36, Article 102226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2020.102226

Nowadays, thermal energy storage using Phase Change Materials (PCMs) receives a great interest due to its high energy storage density especially for low and medium temperature storage applications. Nevertheless, PCM suffers from the low thermal condu... Read More about Experimental and numerical study on the effect of multiple phase change materials thermal energy storage system.

Cu2ZnSnS4, a fascinating counter electrode for TiO2-free dye-sensitized solar cells (2021)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Cu2ZnSnS4, a fascinating counter electrode for TiO2-free dye-sensitized solar cells. ChemistrySelect, 6(7), 1541-1547. https://doi.org/10.1002/slct.202004644

Since innovation, different dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have endeavored with additional components to escalate the efficiency, cost-effectiveness and long-term stability. Various approaches have been executed to reduce the amount of costly pla... Read More about Cu2ZnSnS4, a fascinating counter electrode for TiO2-free dye-sensitized solar cells.

Performance Studies of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with Different Flow Field Designs – Review (2021)
Journal Article
Marappan, M., Palaniswamy, K., Velumani, T., Chul, K. B., Velayutham, R., Shivakumar, P., & Sundaram, S. (2021). Performance Studies of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with Different Flow Field Designs – Review. Chemical Record, 21(4), 663-714. https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.202000138

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) is majorly used for power generation without producing any emission. In PEMFC, the water generated in the cathode heavily affects the performance of fuel cell which needs better water management. The flow ch... Read More about Performance Studies of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with Different Flow Field Designs – Review.

A Review on Heavy Metal Ions and Containing Dyes Removal Through Graphene Oxide-Based Adsorption Strategies for Textile Wastewater Treatment (2021)
Journal Article
Velusamy, S., Roy, A., Sundaram, S., & Kumar Mallick, T. (2021). A Review on Heavy Metal Ions and Containing Dyes Removal Through Graphene Oxide-Based Adsorption Strategies for Textile Wastewater Treatment. Chemical Record, 21(7), 1569-1569. https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.202000153

Textile wastewater heavy metal pollution has become a severe environmental problem worldwide. Metal ion inclusion in a dye molecule exhibits a bathochromic shift producing deeper but duller shades, which provides excellent colouration. The ejection o... Read More about A Review on Heavy Metal Ions and Containing Dyes Removal Through Graphene Oxide-Based Adsorption Strategies for Textile Wastewater Treatment.

A New Functional Composite for Photovoltaic and Sensor Applications (2021)
Journal Article
Ghosh, P., Roy, A., Mukhopadhyay, S., Narjinary, M., Sundaram, S., Sen, S., & Devi, P. S. (2021). A New Functional Composite for Photovoltaic and Sensor Applications. Advanced Electronic Materials, 7(3), Article 2000785. https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.202000785

As a preliminary drive to eventually develop dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC)-powered gas sensors, many oxide-based systems have been explored to fabricate sensors that can show response at room temperature for any analyte gas. As an outcome of recen... Read More about A New Functional Composite for Photovoltaic and Sensor Applications.

Scaling up Studies on PEMFC Using a Modified Serpentine Flow Field Incorporating Porous Sponge Inserts to Observe Water Molecules (2021)
Journal Article
Marappan, M., Narayanan, R., Manoharan, K., Vijayakrishnan, M. K., Palaniswamy, K., Karazhanov, S., & Sundaram, S. (2021). Scaling up Studies on PEMFC Using a Modified Serpentine Flow Field Incorporating Porous Sponge Inserts to Observe Water Molecules. Molecules, 26(2), Article 286. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26020286

Flooding of the cathode flow channel is a major hindrance in achieving maximum performance from Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) during the scaling up process. Water accumulated between the interface region of Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) and... Read More about Scaling up Studies on PEMFC Using a Modified Serpentine Flow Field Incorporating Porous Sponge Inserts to Observe Water Molecules.

Efficient carbon counter electrodes for BaSnO3-based dye-sensitized solar cells (2021)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Ghosh, P., Devi, P. S., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Efficient carbon counter electrodes for BaSnO3-based dye-sensitized solar cells. Materials Today: Proceedings, 45(3), 3685-3691. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.11.347

Natural source derived carbon materials make them ideally suited alternative to costly Pt counter electrode for their good catalytic activity, resistance to iodine corrosion, and high stability of the device. Apart from the extensively acclaimed phot... Read More about Efficient carbon counter electrodes for BaSnO3-based dye-sensitized solar cells.

Graphene as a pre-illumination cooling approach for a concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) system (2020)
Journal Article
Alzahrani, M., Roy, A., Shanks, K., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Graphene as a pre-illumination cooling approach for a concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) system. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 222, Article 110922. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2020.110922

The concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) system has a high potential in increasing the power output, propelling further the concentration ratio generating excessive heat that significantly deteriorates the solar cell efficiency and reliability. To thoroug... Read More about Graphene as a pre-illumination cooling approach for a concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) system.

Perceiving the temperature coefficients of carbon-based perovskite solar cells (2020)
Journal Article
Bhandari, S., Roy, A., Ghosh, A., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2020). Perceiving the temperature coefficients of carbon-based perovskite solar cells. Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 4(12), 6283-6298. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0se00782j

Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have emerged in a “catfish effect” of other established photovoltaic technologies with the rapid development of high-power conversion efficiency (PCE) and low-cost fabrication. Among various kinds of PSCs, organic hole t... Read More about Perceiving the temperature coefficients of carbon-based perovskite solar cells.

Emplacement of screen-printed graphene oxide coating for building thermal comfort discernment (2020)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Ghosh, A., Benson, D., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2020). Emplacement of screen-printed graphene oxide coating for building thermal comfort discernment. Scientific Reports, 10, Article 15578. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-72670-8

This study demonstrates the development of flexible graphene oxide coatings (GOCs) by the screen-printed technique and further its implementation as a thermal absorber for buildings’ thermal comfort purpose. The basic concept consists the integration... Read More about Emplacement of screen-printed graphene oxide coating for building thermal comfort discernment.

Temperature regulation of concentrating photovoltaic window using argon gas and polymer dispersed liquid crystal films (2020)
Journal Article
Khalid, M., Shanks, K., Ghosh, A., Tahir, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2021). Temperature regulation of concentrating photovoltaic window using argon gas and polymer dispersed liquid crystal films. Renewable Energy, 164, 96-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2020.09.069

Low concentrating photovoltaic (LCPV) system has been studied extensively, which showed excellent potential for the building integration application. However, such a system suffers from higher operating temperatures due to the concentrated light expo... Read More about Temperature regulation of concentrating photovoltaic window using argon gas and polymer dispersed liquid crystal films.

Performance evaluation of single multi-junction solar cell for high concentrator photovoltaics using minichannel heat sink with nanofluids (2020)
Journal Article
Ahmed, A., Zhang, G., Shanks, K., Sundaram, S., Ding, Y., & Mallick, T. (2021). Performance evaluation of single multi-junction solar cell for high concentrator photovoltaics using minichannel heat sink with nanofluids. Applied Thermal Engineering, 182, Article 115868. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.115868

High concentrated photovoltaic systems (HCPV) have demonstrated the potential to achieve high conversion power over conventional photovoltaic panels (PV) especially for areas with high solar irradiance. However, the multi-junction (MJ) solar cells ma... Read More about Performance evaluation of single multi-junction solar cell for high concentrator photovoltaics using minichannel heat sink with nanofluids.

Perovskite Solar Cells for BIPV Application: A Review (2020)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Ghosh, A., Bhandari, S., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2020). Perovskite Solar Cells for BIPV Application: A Review. Buildings, 10(7), Article 129. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings10070129

The rapid efficiency enhancement of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) make it a promising photovoltaic (PV) research, which has now drawn attention from industries and government organizations to invest for further development of PSC technology. PSC tech... Read More about Perovskite Solar Cells for BIPV Application: A Review.

Effect of using an infrared filter on the performance of a silicon solar cell for an ultra-high concentrator photovoltaic system (2020)
Journal Article
Ahmed, A., Alzahrani, M., Shanks, K., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2020). Effect of using an infrared filter on the performance of a silicon solar cell for an ultra-high concentrator photovoltaic system. Materials Letters, 277, Article 128332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2020.128332

It is well known that increasing the concentration ratio of concentrator photovoltaics has a positive impact on the power output of the system but can reduce the solar cells performance due to the heightened temperatures. In this paper, we introduce... Read More about Effect of using an infrared filter on the performance of a silicon solar cell for an ultra-high concentrator photovoltaic system.

Highly conductive double perovskite oxides A2LuTaO6 (A= Ba, Sr, Ca) as promising photoanode material for dye sensitized solar cells (2020)
Journal Article
Sheikh, M. S., Roy, A., Bhandari, S., Mallick, T. K., Sundaram, S., & Sinha, T. (2020). Highly conductive double perovskite oxides A2LuTaO6 (A= Ba, Sr, Ca) as promising photoanode material for dye sensitized solar cells. Materials Letters, 276, Article 128220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2020.128220

Poor electrical conductivity, interfacial charge carrier recombination, electrode degradation, etc., restrict practical implementation of the TiO2 based dye sensitised solar cells (DSSCs). In this respect, double perovskite oxides (DPOs) A2LuTaO6 (A... Read More about Highly conductive double perovskite oxides A2LuTaO6 (A= Ba, Sr, Ca) as promising photoanode material for dye sensitized solar cells.

Effect of Nafion loading and the novel flow field designs on Innovative anode electrocatalyst for improved DMFCs performance (2020)
Journal Article
Thanarajan, K., Velumani, T., Chandran, M., Karthikeyan, P., Thirkell, A., Fly, A., Chen, R., & Sundaram, S. (2020). Effect of Nafion loading and the novel flow field designs on Innovative anode electrocatalyst for improved DMFCs performance. Materials Letters, 276, Article 128222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2020.128222

Efficiency of a Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) not just merely depends on the catalyst, but also on the flow channels, physical/electrochemical kinetics, Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) preparation and other operating parameters. This article i... Read More about Effect of Nafion loading and the novel flow field designs on Innovative anode electrocatalyst for improved DMFCs performance.

Three dimensional analysis of dye-sensitized, perovskite and monocrystalline silicon solar photovoltaic cells under non uniform solar flux (2020)
Journal Article
Singh, P., Khanna, S., Mudgal, V., Newar, S., Sharma, V., Sundaram, S., Reddy, K., Mallick, T. K., Becerra, V., Hutchinson, D., Radulovic, J., & Khusainov, R. (2021). Three dimensional analysis of dye-sensitized, perovskite and monocrystalline silicon solar photovoltaic cells under non uniform solar flux. Applied Thermal Engineering, 182, Article 115613. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.115613

For low/high concentration, when the distribution of solar radiation is non-uniform over the surface of the solar cell, it gets heated up non-uniformly which affects the cell efficiency. Thus, in the present work, three dimensional analysis of the so... Read More about Three dimensional analysis of dye-sensitized, perovskite and monocrystalline silicon solar photovoltaic cells under non uniform solar flux.

Incorporating solution-processed mesoporous WO3 as an interfacial cathode buffer layer for photovoltaic applications (2020)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Bhandari, S., Ghosh, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2020). Incorporating solution-processed mesoporous WO3 as an interfacial cathode buffer layer for photovoltaic applications. Scientific Reports, 124(28), 5709-5719. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.0c02912

Dextran-templating hydrothermal synthesis of monoclinic WO3 exhibits excellent specific surface area of ∼110 m2/g and a monomodal pore distribution with an average pore diameter of ∼20 nm. Dextran plays a crucial role in generating porosity on WO3. T... Read More about Incorporating solution-processed mesoporous WO3 as an interfacial cathode buffer layer for photovoltaic applications.

Optical losses and durability of flawed Fresnel lenses for concentrated photovoltaic application (2020)
Journal Article
Alzahrani, M., Ahmed, A., Shanks, K., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. (2020). Optical losses and durability of flawed Fresnel lenses for concentrated photovoltaic application. Materials Letters, 275, Article 128145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2020.128145

Recycling optical devices and materials for solar concentrator devices is a relatively unstudied area but one which is likely to grow in importance as we progress towards an increasingly sustainable and minimum waste environment. As such, considerati... Read More about Optical losses and durability of flawed Fresnel lenses for concentrated photovoltaic application.

Realization of poly (methyl methacrylate)-encapsulated solution-processed carbon-based solar cells: An emerging candidate for buildings’ comfort (2020)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Ghosh, A., Bhandari, S., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2020). Realization of poly (methyl methacrylate)-encapsulated solution-processed carbon-based solar cells: An emerging candidate for buildings’ comfort. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 59(23), 11063-11071. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.9b06902

The self-assembling characteristics allow carbon nanomaterials to be readily explored, environmentally benign, solution-processed, low-cost, and efficient solar light-harvesting materials. An effort has been made to replace the regular photovoltaic d... Read More about Realization of poly (methyl methacrylate)-encapsulated solution-processed carbon-based solar cells: An emerging candidate for buildings’ comfort.

Methods of estimations of the band gap for kesterite Cu2ZnSnS (Se) 4 (2020)
Journal Article
Mamedov, D., Yakubov, K., Bazarbaev, R., Ismailov, K., Senthilarasu, S., & Karazhanov, S. Z. (2020). Methods of estimations of the band gap for kesterite Cu2ZnSnS (Se) 4. Materials Today: Proceedings, 33(6), 2495-2498. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.04.242

This paper presents a study related to methods of estimation of the band gap for kesterite-type Cu2ZnSnS(Se)4 based on their electronic structure and optical properties driven by the first-principles calculations within the hybrid functional. The est... Read More about Methods of estimations of the band gap for kesterite Cu2ZnSnS (Se) 4.

Perovskite Solar Cells: A Porous Graphitic Carbon based Hole Transporter/Counter Electrode Material Extracted from an Invasive Plant Species Eichhornia Crassipes (2020)
Journal Article
Pitchaiya, S., Eswaramoorthy, N., Natarajan, M., Santhanam, A., Asokan, V., Madurai Ramakrishnan, V., Rangasamy, B., Sundaram, S., Ravirajan, P., & Velauthapillai, D. (2020). Perovskite Solar Cells: A Porous Graphitic Carbon based Hole Transporter/Counter Electrode Material Extracted from an Invasive Plant Species Eichhornia Crassipes. Scientific Reports, 10, Article 6835. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-62900-4

Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) composed of organic polymer-based hole-transporting materials (HTMs) are considered to be an important strategy in improving the device performance, to compete with conventional solar cells. Yet the use of such expensive... Read More about Perovskite Solar Cells: A Porous Graphitic Carbon based Hole Transporter/Counter Electrode Material Extracted from an Invasive Plant Species Eichhornia Crassipes.

An analytical indoor experimental study on the effect of soiling on PV, focusing on dust properties and PV surface material (2020)
Journal Article
Chanchangi, Y. N., Ghosh, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2020). An analytical indoor experimental study on the effect of soiling on PV, focusing on dust properties and PV surface material. Solar Energy, 203, 46-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2020.03.089

Photovoltaic technology penetration is experiencing noticeable progress. However, its performance is significantly affected by soiling, which is influenced by several factors such as site characteristics, weather, tilt angle and surface orientation,... Read More about An analytical indoor experimental study on the effect of soiling on PV, focusing on dust properties and PV surface material.

Renewable Energy Powered Plugged-In Hybrid Vehicle Charging System for Sustainable Transportation (2020)
Journal Article
Devaraj, E., Joseph, P. K., Karuppa Raj Rajagopal, T., & Sundaram, S. (2020). Renewable Energy Powered Plugged-In Hybrid Vehicle Charging System for Sustainable Transportation. Energies, 13(8), Article 1944. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13081944

Energy transformation by power electronic converters is not feasible without the efficient use of renewable energy. The article tries to extend the use of renewable energy to PHEV battery charging. In PHEV, the battery is one of the major sources of... Read More about Renewable Energy Powered Plugged-In Hybrid Vehicle Charging System for Sustainable Transportation.

Theoretical Investigation of the Temperature Limits of an Actively Cooled High Concentration Photovoltaic System (2020)
Journal Article
Ahmed, A., Shanks, K., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2020). Theoretical Investigation of the Temperature Limits of an Actively Cooled High Concentration Photovoltaic System. Energies, 13(8), Article 1902. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13081902

Concentrator photovoltaics have several advantages over flat plate systems. However, the increase in solar concentration usually leads to an increase in the solar cell temperature, which decreases the performance of the system. Therefore, in this pap... Read More about Theoretical Investigation of the Temperature Limits of an Actively Cooled High Concentration Photovoltaic System.

Indoor and outdoor characterization of concentrating photovoltaic attached to multi-layered microchannel heat sink (2020)
Journal Article
Al Siyabi, I., Shanks, K., Mallick, T., & Sundaram, S. (2020). Indoor and outdoor characterization of concentrating photovoltaic attached to multi-layered microchannel heat sink. Solar Energy, 202, 55-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2020.03.101

Concentrating Photovoltaic technology is a promising option in power generation using the photovoltaics compared to the conventional flat PV system. This study investigates the performance of a high concentrated photovoltaic single solar cell module... Read More about Indoor and outdoor characterization of concentrating photovoltaic attached to multi-layered microchannel heat sink.

Synergistic effect of nanoflower-like CdS for removal of highly toxic aqueous Cr (VI) (2020)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Velusamy, S., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2020). Synergistic effect of nanoflower-like CdS for removal of highly toxic aqueous Cr (VI). Materials Letters, 270, 127734. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2020.127734

Thiourea assisted hydrothermal preparation of nanoflower-like CdS (NFs) synthesis and its efficient performance to remove toxic Cr (VI) in aqueous solution has been reported in this article. CdS NFs show synergistic behaviour via photo-catalytic redu... Read More about Synergistic effect of nanoflower-like CdS for removal of highly toxic aqueous Cr (VI).

Impact of different light induced effect on organic hole-transporting layer in perovskite solar cells (2020)
Journal Article
Bhandari, S., Roy, A., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2020). Impact of different light induced effect on organic hole-transporting layer in perovskite solar cells. Materials Letters, 268, Article 127568. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2020.127568

Here, we report two different light sources such as UV-ozone and visible light to treat the graphene-PEDOT:PSS [Poly (3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly (styrenesulfonate)] layer, which acts as an organic hole-transporting layer (HTL) for the CH3NH3Pb... Read More about Impact of different light induced effect on organic hole-transporting layer in perovskite solar cells.

Dust and PV Performance in Nigeria: A review (2020)
Journal Article
Chanchangi, Y. N., Ghosh, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2020). Dust and PV Performance in Nigeria: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 121, Article 109704. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2020.109704

The accumulation of dust on photovoltaic (PV) devices has an adverse impact by degrading their performance. In this work, a review of the effects of dust accumulation on PV module performance and measures to mitigate them have been provided. Energy l... Read More about Dust and PV Performance in Nigeria: A review.

Bio-based Carbon Hole Transporting Material Obtained from the Extract of Invasive Species of Aagaya Thamarai Plant (Eichhornia crassipes) for Cost-Effective Carbon Based Perovskite Solar Cells (2019)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Pitchaiya, S., Natarajan, M., Santhanam, A., Asokan, V., Ramakrishnan, V., Palanichamy, P., Rangasamy, B., Sundaram, S., Uthayaraj, S., & Velauthapillai, D. (2019, February). Bio-based Carbon Hole Transporting Material Obtained from the Extract of Invasive Species of Aagaya Thamarai Plant (Eichhornia crassipes) for Cost-Effective Carbon Based Perovskite Solar Cells. Presented at AMCEHA 2019: Symposium on Solar Energy Applications, Jaffna, Sri Lanka

Herein, we report a novel and naturally extracted carbon based hole transporting material (HTM) for perovskite solar cells (PSCs) synthesized using an eco-friendly and cost-effective ancient Indian method. Also in this work, the low-cost and bio-base... Read More about Bio-based Carbon Hole Transporting Material Obtained from the Extract of Invasive Species of Aagaya Thamarai Plant (Eichhornia crassipes) for Cost-Effective Carbon Based Perovskite Solar Cells.

Synthesis and Characterization of Electro-spin Deposited Perovskite Nanostructures for Solar Cell Application (2019)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Pitchaiya, S., Natarajan, M., Santhanam, A., Asokan, V., Ramakrishnan, V., Palanichamy, P., Rangasamy, B., Sundaram, S., & Velauthapillai, D. (2019, February). Synthesis and Characterization of Electro-spin Deposited Perovskite Nanostructures for Solar Cell Application. Presented at AMCEHA 2019: Symposium on Solar Energy Applications, Jaffna, Sri Lanka

Perovskite nanostructures have been prepared via electrospinning technique using polyvinyl alcohol and methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3 – perovskite). In the electrospinning experiment, the formation of different nanostructures was observed for... Read More about Synthesis and Characterization of Electro-spin Deposited Perovskite Nanostructures for Solar Cell Application.

The Assembly of Embedded Systems for Integrated Photovoltaic windows in Rural Buildings (E-IPB) (2019)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Shanks, K., Baig, H., Knowles, A., Brierley, A., Orr, H., Patel, J., Foster, N., Ball, S., Sun, Y., Wu, Y., Senthilarasu, S., & Mallick, T. (2018, August). The Assembly of Embedded Systems for Integrated Photovoltaic windows in Rural Buildings (E-IPB). Presented at 9th edition of the international SOLARIS conference, Chengdu, China

Embedded PV systems are required to help improve the synergy of renewable energy and smart buildings. A novel concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) system embedded as a window for integration into buildings is presented. The system is made up of crossed co... Read More about The Assembly of Embedded Systems for Integrated Photovoltaic windows in Rural Buildings (E-IPB).

Thermal performance analysis of BIPV-PDLC window (2019)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Ghosh, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2019). Thermal performance analysis of BIPV-PDLC window. In ISES SWC2019 / SHC2019 Conference Proceedings. https://doi.org/10.18086/swc.2019.36.01

Electrically activated switchable glazing is potential to control excessive entering solar gain to an indoor space by altering its state from transparent to opaque or translucent. Electrically operated polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) glazing... Read More about Thermal performance analysis of BIPV-PDLC window.

Performance of WO3-incorporated carbon electrodes for ambient mesoscopic perovskite solar cells (2019)
Journal Article
Bhandari, S., Roy, A., Ghosh, A., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2020). Performance of WO3-incorporated carbon electrodes for ambient mesoscopic perovskite solar cells. ACS Omega, 5(1), 422-429. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b02934

The stability of perovskite solar cells (PSC) is often compromised by the organic hole transport materials (HTMs). We report here the effect of WO3 as an inorganic HTM for carbon electrodes for improved stability in PSCs, which are made under ambient... Read More about Performance of WO3-incorporated carbon electrodes for ambient mesoscopic perovskite solar cells.

Thermal performance of semitransparent CdTe BIPV window at temperate climate (2019)
Journal Article
Alrashidi, H., Ghosh, A., Issa, W., Sellami, N., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2020). Thermal performance of semitransparent CdTe BIPV window at temperate climate. Solar Energy, 195, 536-543. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2019.11.084

Semi-transparent photovoltaic (PV) technology is attractive for building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) due to its ability to lower the admitted solar heat gain, to control the penetrating daylight and to generate onsite benevolent direct current po... Read More about Thermal performance of semitransparent CdTe BIPV window at temperate climate.

Evaluation of thermal performance for a smart switchable adaptive polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) glazing (2019)
Journal Article
Hemaida, A., Ghosh, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2020). Evaluation of thermal performance for a smart switchable adaptive polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) glazing. Solar Energy, 195, 185-193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2019.11.024

A new class of smart window technologies are gaining interest as they have the functionality to control dynamic solar radiation, shading, ventilation and energy production. They are capable of improving buildings’ energy performance by adapting to di... Read More about Evaluation of thermal performance for a smart switchable adaptive polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) glazing.

Performance assessment of cadmium telluride-based semi-transparent glazing for power saving in façade buildings (2019)
Journal Article
Alrashidi, H., Issa, W., Sellami, N., Ghosh, A., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2020). Performance assessment of cadmium telluride-based semi-transparent glazing for power saving in façade buildings. Energy and Buildings, 215, Article 109585. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.109585

Façade buildings are generally highly glazed and energy-intensive especially in countries with hot weather. Power consumption in these buildings is even more significant when air conditioning (AC) is added to the figures. Building with semi-transpare... Read More about Performance assessment of cadmium telluride-based semi-transparent glazing for power saving in façade buildings.

Numerical studies of thermal comfort for semi-transparent building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV)-vacuum glazing system (2019)
Journal Article
Ghosh, A., Sarmah, N., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2019). Numerical studies of thermal comfort for semi-transparent building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV)-vacuum glazing system. Solar Energy, 190, 608-616. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2019.08.049

Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV)-vacuum system is promising for advanced window application due to its ability to reduce heat transfer, control over admitted solar heat and generates environmentally benign electricity. In this work, numericall... Read More about Numerical studies of thermal comfort for semi-transparent building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV)-vacuum glazing system.

Color comfort evaluation of dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) based building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) glazing after 2 years of ambient exposure (2019)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Ghosh, A., Bhandari, S., Selvaraj, P., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2019). Color comfort evaluation of dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) based building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) glazing after 2 years of ambient exposure. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123(39), 23834-23837. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b05591

Transmitted external daylight through semitransparent type building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) windows can alter the visible daylight spectrum and render different colors, which can have an impact on building’s occupants’ comfort. Color propertie... Read More about Color comfort evaluation of dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) based building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) glazing after 2 years of ambient exposure.

Carbon counter electrode mesoscopic ambient processed & characterised perovskite for adaptive BIPV fenestration (2019)
Journal Article
Ghosh, A., Bhandari, S., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2020). Carbon counter electrode mesoscopic ambient processed & characterised perovskite for adaptive BIPV fenestration. Renewable Energy, 145, 2151-2158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.07.119

In this work, carbon counter electrode perovskite was developed at the laboratory environment and building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) window application using this material was investigated. At 1 sun (1000 W/m2) continuous incident solar radiatio... Read More about Carbon counter electrode mesoscopic ambient processed & characterised perovskite for adaptive BIPV fenestration.

An experimental analysis of the optical, thermal and power to weight performance of plastic and glass optics with AR coatings for embedded CPV windows (2019)
Journal Article
Shanks, K., Knowles, A., Brierley, A., Baig, H., Orr, H., Sun, Y., Wu, Y., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. (2019). An experimental analysis of the optical, thermal and power to weight performance of plastic and glass optics with AR coatings for embedded CPV windows. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 200, Article 110027. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2019.110027

A low concentrator photovoltaic is presented and the optical losses within a double glazed window assembly are described. The use of plastic instead of glass is analyzed for its reduced weight and hence greater power to weight ratios. Although the tr... Read More about An experimental analysis of the optical, thermal and power to weight performance of plastic and glass optics with AR coatings for embedded CPV windows.

Enhanced efficiency of carbon-based mesoscopic perovskite solar cells through a tungsten oxide nanoparticle additive in the carbon electrode (2019)
Journal Article
Zhou, L., Zuo, Y., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2019). Enhanced efficiency of carbon-based mesoscopic perovskite solar cells through a tungsten oxide nanoparticle additive in the carbon electrode. Scientific Reports, 9, Article 8778. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45374-x

This paper presents perovskite solar cells employed with WO3 nanoparticles embedded carbon top electrode. WO3 nanoparticles works as an inorganic hole-transport material (HTM) to promote the hole-extraction in the perovskite/carbon interface as revea... Read More about Enhanced efficiency of carbon-based mesoscopic perovskite solar cells through a tungsten oxide nanoparticle additive in the carbon electrode.

Use of Nanofluids in Solar PV/Thermal Systems (2019)
Journal Article
Ahmed, A., Baig, H., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2019). Use of Nanofluids in Solar PV/Thermal Systems. International Journal of Photoenergy, 2019, Article 8039129. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/8039129

The continuous growth in the energy demand across the globe due to the booming population, in addition to the harmful effects of the fossil fuels on the environment, has made it essential to harness renewable energy via different technologies and con... Read More about Use of Nanofluids in Solar PV/Thermal Systems.

Analysis of the daylight performance of window integrated photovoltaics systems (2019)
Journal Article
Sun, Y., Liu, D., Flor, J., Shank, K., Baig, H., Wilson, R., …Wu, Y. (2020). Analysis of the daylight performance of window integrated photovoltaics systems. Renewable Energy, 145, 153-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.05.061

Integrating photovoltaics into windows provides the possibility of including an additional function of energy production to a conventional building fenestration component. There is no doubt that electrical power can be generated on-site. However, the... Read More about Analysis of the daylight performance of window integrated photovoltaics systems.

Enhanced efficiency for building integrated concentrator photovoltaic modules based on rare earth doped optics (2019)
Journal Article
Day, J., Senthilarasu, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2019). Enhanced efficiency for building integrated concentrator photovoltaic modules based on rare earth doped optics. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 199, 83-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2019.04.013

A major challenge facing silicon solar cells used in building-integrated concentrator photovoltaics (BICPV) is their reduced electrical response when exposed to light of short or long wavelengths. In an attempt to tackle this problem, single cell sta... Read More about Enhanced efficiency for building integrated concentrator photovoltaic modules based on rare earth doped optics.

Template free synthesis of CdSnO3 micro-cuboids for dye sensitized solar cells (2019)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Das, P. P., Selvaraj, P., Devi, P. S., & Sundaram, S. (2019). Template free synthesis of CdSnO3 micro-cuboids for dye sensitized solar cells. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 380, Article 111824. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochem.2019.04.035

Mesoporous transparent conducting oxide, CdSnO3 has been synthesized using ultrasonication assisted co-precipitation method. Rather employing any template or structure directing agent, the co-precipitation effect of sodium hydroxide and citric acid w... Read More about Template free synthesis of CdSnO3 micro-cuboids for dye sensitized solar cells.

Investigation of semi-transparent dye-sensitized solar cells for fenestration integration (2019)
Journal Article
Selvaraj, P., Ghosh, A., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2019). Investigation of semi-transparent dye-sensitized solar cells for fenestration integration. Renewable Energy, 141, 516-525. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.03.146

For any particular location glazing transmission varies with season and time of day. Thus, glazing transmission angular behaviour is more crucial than single glazing transmittance value for building energy simulation and design. In this work, the spe... Read More about Investigation of semi-transparent dye-sensitized solar cells for fenestration integration.

An experimental and numerical study on the effect of inclination angle of phase change materials thermal energy storage system (2019)
Journal Article
Al Siyabi, I., Khanna, S., Mallick, T., & Sundaram, S. (2019). An experimental and numerical study on the effect of inclination angle of phase change materials thermal energy storage system. Journal of Energy Storage, 23, 57-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2019.03.010

The main purpose of the present study is to investigate the melting characteristics of a PCM cylindrical thermal storage system using experimental and numerical approaches. Three inclination positions are considered from vertical to horizontal. Paraf... Read More about An experimental and numerical study on the effect of inclination angle of phase change materials thermal energy storage system.

Integrated CdTe PV glazing into windows: energy and daylight performance for different window-to-wall ratio (2019)
Journal Article
Sun, Y., Shanks, K., Baig, H., Zhang, W., Hao, X., Li, Y., He, B., Wilson, R., Liu, H., Sundaram, S., Zhang, J., Xie, L., Mallic, T., & Wu, Y. (2019). Integrated CdTe PV glazing into windows: energy and daylight performance for different window-to-wall ratio. Energy Procedia, 158, 3014-3019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2019.01.976

When integrated photovoltaics into building windows, the solar cells will absorb a fraction of solar radiation that hit on the window surface to generate electrical power and thus obstruct the solar energy and natural daylight that would have penetra... Read More about Integrated CdTe PV glazing into windows: energy and daylight performance for different window-to-wall ratio.

Evaluation of concentrating photovoltaic performance under different homogeniser materials (2019)
Journal Article
Al Siyabi, I., Shanks, K., Khanna, S., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2019). Evaluation of concentrating photovoltaic performance under different homogeniser materials. Materials Letters, 241, 219-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2019.01.129

In concentrating photovoltaic (CPV), increasing the incoming sunlight to the solar cell influences the performance of the solar cells. The optical efficiency of the CPV components is a key factor to improve the electrical efficiency. Two types of hom... Read More about Evaluation of concentrating photovoltaic performance under different homogeniser materials.

Design and synthesis of imidazole-triphenylamine based organic materials for dye sensitized solar cells (2019)
Journal Article
Sambathkumar, S., Priyadharshini, S., Fleisch, M., Bahnemann, D., Kumar, G. G., Senthilarasu, S., & Renganathan, R. (2019). Design and synthesis of imidazole-triphenylamine based organic materials for dye sensitized solar cells. Materials Letters, 242, 28-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2019.01.091

Two imidazole – triphenylamine based organic dyes (SD1 and SD2) configured with donor -donor-π-acceptor (D2-π-A) structures with reported dye material namely TPA B5 were synthesized using different acceptor units and characterized by various spectros... Read More about Design and synthesis of imidazole-triphenylamine based organic materials for dye sensitized solar cells.

Polyaniline-layered rutile TiO2 nanorods as alternative photoanode in dye-sensitized solar cells (2019)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Mukhopadhyay, S., Devi, P. S., & Sundaram, S. (2019). Polyaniline-layered rutile TiO2 nanorods as alternative photoanode in dye-sensitized solar cells. ACS Omega, 4(1), 1130-1138. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.8b02628

In this paper, dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) performance of the less explored polymorph of TiO2, rutile, has been explored, and its performance has been modified with polyaniline (PANI) wrapping on the surface. For this purpose, highly crystalline... Read More about Polyaniline-layered rutile TiO2 nanorods as alternative photoanode in dye-sensitized solar cells.

India-UK Workshop on knowledge transfer on the sustainability of innovative wastewater treatment technologies to India: Final Report. (2018)
Report
Benson, D., Parker, B., Mishra, V., Muthukumar, K., & Sundaram, S. (2018). India-UK Workshop on knowledge transfer on the sustainability of innovative wastewater treatment technologies to India: Final Report

Untreated industrial wastewater pollution, primarily from textile production, threatens water resources in central Tamil Nadu, India, where the Noyyal River flows through several densely populated urban centres. The workshop consequently aimed at kno... Read More about India-UK Workshop on knowledge transfer on the sustainability of innovative wastewater treatment technologies to India: Final Report..

Experimental and numerical thermal analysis of multi-layered microchannel heat sink for concentrating photovoltaic application (2018)
Journal Article
Al Siyabi, I., Khanna, S., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. (2018). Experimental and numerical thermal analysis of multi-layered microchannel heat sink for concentrating photovoltaic application. Energies, 12(1), Article 122. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010122

Concentrating photovoltaic has a major challenge due to the high temperature raised during the process which reduces the efficiency of the solar cell. A multi-layered microchannel heat sink technique is considered more efficient in terms of heat remo... Read More about Experimental and numerical thermal analysis of multi-layered microchannel heat sink for concentrating photovoltaic application.

Evaluation of solar factor using spectral analysis for CdTe photovoltaic glazing (2018)
Journal Article
Alrashidi, H., Ghosh, A., Issa, W., Sellami, N., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2019). Evaluation of solar factor using spectral analysis for CdTe photovoltaic glazing. Materials Letters, 237, 332-335. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2018.11.128

Solar and luminous light transmission control using Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) based PV glazing systems (15cm × 15cm × 0.6cm) were evaluated in this work. Indoor spectral characterisation showed that average solar transmission for investigated three di... Read More about Evaluation of solar factor using spectral analysis for CdTe photovoltaic glazing.

Soft-template synthesis of high surface area mesoporous titanium dioxide for dye-sensitized solar cells (2018)
Journal Article
Selvaraj, P., Roy, A., Ullah, H., Sujatha Devi, P., Tahir, A. A., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2019). Soft-template synthesis of high surface area mesoporous titanium dioxide for dye-sensitized solar cells. International Journal of Energy Research, 43(1), 523-534. https://doi.org/10.1002/er.4288

In the present work, 10 to 14 nm titania nanoparticles with high-packing density are synthesized by the soft-template method using a range of cationic surfactants including cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and dod... Read More about Soft-template synthesis of high surface area mesoporous titanium dioxide for dye-sensitized solar cells.

Integrated semi-transparent cadmium telluride photovoltaic glazing into windows: Energy and daylight performance for different architecture designs (2018)
Journal Article
Sun, Y., Shanks, K., Baig, H., Zhang, W., Hao, X., Li, Y., He, B., Wilson, R., Liu, H., Sundaram, S., Zhang, J., Xie, L., Mallick, T., & Wu, Y. (2018). Integrated semi-transparent cadmium telluride photovoltaic glazing into windows: Energy and daylight performance for different architecture designs. Applied Energy, 231, 972-984. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.09.133

When integrating photovoltaics into building windows, the photovoltaic glazing modules inhibit the function that glass performs, with the additional function of energy production. Semi-transparent Photovoltaic (STPV) glazing will absorb part of the s... Read More about Integrated semi-transparent cadmium telluride photovoltaic glazing into windows: Energy and daylight performance for different architecture designs.

Electricity enhancement and thermal energy production from concentrated photovoltaic integrated with a 3-layered stacked micro-channel heat sink (2018)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Siyabi, I. A., Khanna, S., Mallick, T., & Sundaram, S. (2018, April). Electricity enhancement and thermal energy production from concentrated photovoltaic integrated with a 3-layered stacked micro-channel heat sink. Presented at The 14th International Conference on Concentrator Photovoltaic Systems (CPV-14), Puertollano, Spain

The thermal effectiveness of three types of heat sink hsssas been investigated experimentally using a flexible kapton heater to simulate the generated heat from a CPV system for various heating loads. The three heat sinks are an air cooled flat alumi... Read More about Electricity enhancement and thermal energy production from concentrated photovoltaic integrated with a 3-layered stacked micro-channel heat sink.

The Performance of CH3NH3PbI3 - Nanoparticles based – Perovskite Solar Cells Fabricated by Facile Powder press Technique (2018)
Journal Article
Pitchaiya, S., Natarajan, M., Santhanam, A., Asokan, V., Madurai Ramakrishnan, V., Selvaraj, Y., Yuvapragasam, A., Rangasamy, B., Sundaram, S., & Velauthapillai, D. (2018). The Performance of CH3NH3PbI3 - Nanoparticles based – Perovskite Solar Cells Fabricated by Facile Powder press Technique. Materials Research Bulletin, 108, 61-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2018.08.022

Here, we have introduced a facile solid-state route assisted method to prepare CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanoparticles (PNs) and together with a facile - powder press technique, for the deposition of prepared PNs - a solution cum vacuum-free route. The p... Read More about The Performance of CH3NH3PbI3 - Nanoparticles based – Perovskite Solar Cells Fabricated by Facile Powder press Technique.

Improving spectral modification for applications in solar cells: A review (2018)
Journal Article
Day, J., Senthilarasu, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2019). Improving spectral modification for applications in solar cells: A review. Renewable Energy, 132, 186-205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.07.101

The spectral mismatch between solar cells and incident radiation is a fundamental factor limiting their efficiencies. There exist materials and luminescent processes which can modify the incident sunlight’s properties to better suit the cell’s optima... Read More about Improving spectral modification for applications in solar cells: A review.

A review on applications of Cu2ZnSnS4 as alternative counter electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells (2018)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Sujatha Devi, P., Karazhanov, S., Mamedov, D., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2018). A review on applications of Cu2ZnSnS4 as alternative counter electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells. AIP advances, 8(7), Article 070701. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5038854

A contribution of counter electrode (CE) emphasis a great impact towards enhancement of a dye-sensitized solar cell's (DSSC) performance and Pt based CE sets a significant benchmark in this field. Owing to cost effective noble metal, less abundance a... Read More about A review on applications of Cu2ZnSnS4 as alternative counter electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells.

Colour properties and glazing factors evaluation of multicrystalline based semi-transparent Photovoltaic-vacuum glazing for BIPV application (2018)
Journal Article
Ghosh, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2019). Colour properties and glazing factors evaluation of multicrystalline based semi-transparent Photovoltaic-vacuum glazing for BIPV application. Renewable Energy, 131, 730-736. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.07.088

Low heat loss vacuum glazing offers high heat insulation for indoor space, which reduces the building’s heating energy demand. However, the transparent nature of this glazing allows similar daylight to double glazing that creates discomfort glare. Do... Read More about Colour properties and glazing factors evaluation of multicrystalline based semi-transparent Photovoltaic-vacuum glazing for BIPV application.

Investigation of thermal and electrical performances of a combined semi-transparent PV-vacuum glazing (2018)
Journal Article
Ghosh, A., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2018). Investigation of thermal and electrical performances of a combined semi-transparent PV-vacuum glazing. Applied Energy, 228, 1591-1600

Combined semi-transparent PV-vacuum glazing provides low overall heat transfer coefficient, reduces solar heat gain, generates clean electricity and admits comfortable daylight. In this work, thermal and electrical performances of a multicrystalline... Read More about Investigation of thermal and electrical performances of a combined semi-transparent PV-vacuum glazing.

A review on the classification of organic/inorganic/carbonaceous hole transporting materials for perovskite solar cell application (2018)
Journal Article
Pitchaiya, S., Natarajan, M., Santhanam, A., Asokan, V., Yuvapragasam, A., Ramakrishnan, V. M., Palanisamy, S. E., Sundaram, S., & Velauthapillai, D. (2020). A review on the classification of organic/inorganic/carbonaceous hole transporting materials for perovskite solar cell application. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 13(1), 2526-2557. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2018.06.006

The rapid increase in the efficiency of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) in last few decades have made them very attractive to the photovoltaic (PV) community. However, the serious challenge is related to the stability under various conditions and toxic... Read More about A review on the classification of organic/inorganic/carbonaceous hole transporting materials for perovskite solar cell application.

Multiple Phase Change Material (PCM) Configuration for PCM-Based Heat Sinks—An Experimental Study (2018)
Journal Article
Al Siyabi, I., Khanna, S., Mallick, T., & Sundaram, S. (2018). Multiple Phase Change Material (PCM) Configuration for PCM-Based Heat Sinks—An Experimental Study. Energies, 11(7), Article 1629. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071629

A small-scale phase change material (PCM)-based heat sink can regulate the temperature of electronics due to high latent-heat capacity. Three different heat sinks are examined to study the effects of PCM combination, arrangement of PCMs in multiple-P... Read More about Multiple Phase Change Material (PCM) Configuration for PCM-Based Heat Sinks—An Experimental Study.

Conjugate refractive–reflective based building integrated photovoltaic system (2018)
Journal Article
Baig, H., Chemisana, D., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. (2018). Conjugate refractive–reflective based building integrated photovoltaic system. Materials Letters, 228, 25-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2018.05.117

Building Integrated Concentrating Photovoltaic (BICPV) systems make use of optical elements to concentrate the incoming solar radiation on small-sized solar cells with the aim of integrating PV technology into the building. We present a novel conjuga... Read More about Conjugate refractive–reflective based building integrated photovoltaic system.

Thin Film Photovoltaics (2018)
Book Chapter
Sundaram, S., Shanks, K., & Upadhyaya, H. (2018). Thin Film Photovoltaics. In T. M. Letcher, & V. M. Fthenakis (Eds.), A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Energy Systems (361-370). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/c2016-0-01527-9

Thin film solar cell technology has recently seen some radical advancement as a result of new materials and innovations in device structures. The increase in the efficiency of thin film solar cells and perovskite into 23% mark has created significant... Read More about Thin Film Photovoltaics.

A >3000 suns high concentrator photovoltaic design based on multiple Fresnel lens primaries focusing to one central solar cell (2018)
Journal Article
Shanks, K., Ferrer-Rodriguez, J. P., Fernández, E. F., Almonacid, F., Pérez-Higueras, P., Senthilarasu, S., & Mallick, T. (2018). A >3000 suns high concentrator photovoltaic design based on multiple Fresnel lens primaries focusing to one central solar cell. Solar Energy, 169, 457-467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2018.05.016

A high concentrator photovoltaic design is proposed of 5800x geometrical concentration ratio based on multiple primary Fresnel lenses focusing to one central solar cell. The final stage optic is of a novel design, made of a high refractive index (n =... Read More about A >3000 suns high concentrator photovoltaic design based on multiple Fresnel lens primaries focusing to one central solar cell.

The effect of sun altitude and orientation on the performance of Embedded Systems for Integrated Photovoltaics in Rural Buildings (E-IPB) (2018)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Shanks, K., Baig, H., Sun, Y., Wu, Y., Knowles, A., Brierley, A., Orr, H., Senthilarasu, S., & Mallick, T. (2018, April). The effect of sun altitude and orientation on the performance of Embedded Systems for Integrated Photovoltaics in Rural Buildings (E-IPB). Poster presented at 14th Photovoltaic Science, Applications and Technology Conference, London

Nickel sulphide-carbon composite hole transporting material for (CH3NH3PbI3) planar heterojunction perovskite solar cell (2018)
Journal Article
Pitchaiya, S., Natarajan, M., Santhanam, A., Ramakrishnan, V. M., Asokan, V., Palanichamy, P., Rangasamy, B., Sundaram, S., & Velauthapillai, D. (2018). Nickel sulphide-carbon composite hole transporting material for (CH3NH3PbI3) planar heterojunction perovskite solar cell. Materials Letters, 221, 283-288. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2018.03.161

The present work reports about the low-cost inorganic nickel sulphide-carbon composite synthesized using the simple chemical method and to be used as hybrid hole extraction and as a counter electrode material for perovskite (CH3NH3PbI3)-based solar c... Read More about Nickel sulphide-carbon composite hole transporting material for (CH3NH3PbI3) planar heterojunction perovskite solar cell.

Charge transfer mechanics in transparent dye-sensitised solar cells under low concentration (2018)
Journal Article
Selvaraj, P., Baig, H., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2018). Charge transfer mechanics in transparent dye-sensitised solar cells under low concentration. Materials Letters, 222, 78-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2018.03.137

In dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), the incoming sunlight can influence many of the key electron transfer processes occurring at the TiO2/dye/electrolyte interface. So, the intensity of incident light is crucial in determining the overall efficien... Read More about Charge transfer mechanics in transparent dye-sensitised solar cells under low concentration.

The colour rendering index and correlated colour temperature of dye-sensitized solar cell for adaptive glazing application (2018)
Journal Article
Ghosh, A., Selvaraj, P., Sundaram, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2018). The colour rendering index and correlated colour temperature of dye-sensitized solar cell for adaptive glazing application. Solar Energy, 163, 537-544. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2018.02.021

The colour rendering index (CRI) and correlated colour temperature (CCT) of transmitted daylight through a DSSC glazing is an essential parameter for building interior space comfort. Six small-scale dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were fabricated... Read More about The colour rendering index and correlated colour temperature of dye-sensitized solar cell for adaptive glazing application.

ICE report T1. 4: A Community Specific Assessment of Local Energy (2018)
Report
Hardwick, J., Zheng, S., Smith, H. C., Fitch-Roy, O., Williams, J., Connor, P. M., …Iglesias, G. (2018). ICE report T1. 4: A Community Specific Assessment of Local Energy. Penryn, UK: European Union

This report builds on the output generated in ICE reports T1.1.1 and T1.1.2 to assess the current generation and demand characteristics for the two target sites: the island of Ushant off Northwest France and the University of East Anglia campus in No... Read More about ICE report T1. 4: A Community Specific Assessment of Local Energy.

Jet-nebulizer-spray coated copper zinc tin sulphide film for low cost platinum-free electrocatalyst in solar cells (2018)
Journal Article
Kirubakaran, D. D., Pitchaimuthu, S., Dhas, C. R., Selvaraj, P., Karazhanov, S. Z., & Sundaram, S. (2018). Jet-nebulizer-spray coated copper zinc tin sulphide film for low cost platinum-free electrocatalyst in solar cells. Materials Letters, 220, 122-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2018.02.122

The copper zinc tin sulphide (CZTS) alloy is a promising p-type earth abundant alloy that received profound attention as an electron driven dark catalyst in electrocatalytic reduction reaction. We report about fabrication of p-type CZTS film with the... Read More about Jet-nebulizer-spray coated copper zinc tin sulphide film for low cost platinum-free electrocatalyst in solar cells.

ICE report T1. 1.1: An overview of renewable energy supply potential (2018)
Report
Hardwick, J., Smith, H., Fitch-Roy, O., Connor, P., & Sundaram, S. (2018). ICE report T1. 1.1: An overview of renewable energy supply potential. European Union

This report reviews available renewable energy technologies for remote communities, outlines appropriate methodologies for assessing the available resources, and identifies key constraints. A parallel report, ‘T1.1.2 Policy Issues’, describes the reg... Read More about ICE report T1. 1.1: An overview of renewable energy supply potential.

Morphology tuned BaSnO3 active layer for ambient perovskite solar cells (2018)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Selvaraj, P., Devi, P. S., & Sundaram, S. (2018). Morphology tuned BaSnO3 active layer for ambient perovskite solar cells. Materials Letters, 219, 166-169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2018.02.055

A new type of electron transporting active layer made of BaSnO3 with different morphology, rod and particle is prepared via a wet chemical process for perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The effects of this BSO morphology is considered to play an essentia... Read More about Morphology tuned BaSnO3 active layer for ambient perovskite solar cells.

Perforated BaSnO3 nanorods exhibiting enhanced efficiency in dye sensitized solar cells (2018)
Journal Article
Roy, A., Das, P. P., Selvaraj, P., Sundaram, S., & Devi, P. S. (2018). Perforated BaSnO3 nanorods exhibiting enhanced efficiency in dye sensitized solar cells. ACS sustainable chemistry & engineering, 6(3), 3299-3310. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b03479

Here, we report the synthesis of phase pure perforated porous BaSnO3 (BSO) nanorods and their application as an alternative photoanode in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). BaSnO3, synthesized using different amounts of dextran, has been characteriz... Read More about Perforated BaSnO3 nanorods exhibiting enhanced efficiency in dye sensitized solar cells.

Photovoltaics fundamentals, technology and application (2017)
Book Chapter
Messenger, R., Goswami, D. Y., Upadhyaya, H. M., Sundaram, S., Ivaturi, A., Buecheler, S., & Tiwari, A. N. (2017). Photovoltaics fundamentals, technology and application. In D. Yogi Goswami, & F. Kreith (Eds.), Energy Conversion (765-850). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315374192-20

Photovoltaic (PV) conversion is the direct conversion of sunlight into electricity with no intervening heat engine. This chapter briefly reviews the physics of PV electrical generation, followed by a discussion of the PV system design process. The PV... Read More about Photovoltaics fundamentals, technology and application.

Enhancing the efficiency of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells using concentrated light (2017)
Journal Article
Selvaraj, P., Baig, H., Mallick, T. K., Siviter, J., Montecucco, A., Li, W., Paul, M., Sweet, T., Gao, M., Knox, A. R., & Sundaram, S. (2018). Enhancing the efficiency of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells using concentrated light. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 175, 29-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2017.10.006

Transparent dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) can be coupled within a building's architecture to provide daylighting and electrical power simultaneously. In this work, the relationship between the transparency and performance of DSSCs is studied by... Read More about Enhancing the efficiency of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells using concentrated light.

Synthesis and photo electrochemical characterization of an extended π-conjugated heteroleptic ruthenium (II) complex (2017)
Journal Article
Jella, T., Selvaraj, P., Upadhyaya, H. M., Mallick, T. K., Sundaram, S., & Giribabu, L. (2017). Synthesis and photo electrochemical characterization of an extended π-conjugated heteroleptic ruthenium (II) complex. MOJ Solar and Photoenergy Systems, 1(2), https://doi.org/10.15406/mojsp.2017.01.00007

A new extended π-conjugate heteroleptic ruthenium(II) complex (m-HRD-1) that contains a 4,4'-bis-2-(5(3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)thiophene-2-yl)vinyl)2,2'-bipyridine as ancillary ligand, 4,4’-dicaboxy-2,2'-bipyridine as anchoring group, and two thiocyan... Read More about Synthesis and photo electrochemical characterization of an extended π-conjugated heteroleptic ruthenium (II) complex.

Reliability investigation for a built ultrahigh concentrator prototype (2017)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Shanks, E., Senthilarasu, S., & Mallick, T. (2017). Reliability investigation for a built ultrahigh concentrator prototype. In AIP Conference Proceedings (020011). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5001410

Ultrahigh concentrator photovoltaics hold a great potential in both reducing the cost of photovoltaic energy and to higher conversion efficiencies. The challenges in their design and manufacturing however have not yet permitted a reliable ultrahigh (... Read More about Reliability investigation for a built ultrahigh concentrator prototype.

Thermal analysis of a multi-layer microchannel heat sink for cooling concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) cells (2017)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Siyabi, I. A., Shanks, K., Mallick, T., & Sundaram, S. (2017). Thermal analysis of a multi-layer microchannel heat sink for cooling concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) cells. In AIP Conference Proceedings (070001). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5001434

Concentrator Photovoltaic (CPV) technology is increasingly being considered as an alternative option for solar electricity generation. However, increasing the light concentration ratio could decrease the system output power due to the increase in the... Read More about Thermal analysis of a multi-layer microchannel heat sink for cooling concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) cells.

Performance analysis of perovskite and dye-sensitized solar cells under varying operating conditions and comparison with monocrystalline silicon cell (2017)
Journal Article
Khanna, S., Sundaram, S., Reddy, K., & Mallick, T. K. (2017). Performance analysis of perovskite and dye-sensitized solar cells under varying operating conditions and comparison with monocrystalline silicon cell. Applied Thermal Engineering, 127, 559-565. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.08.030

The efficiency of solar cell is generally defined at standard test conditions. However, wind direction, wind velocity, tilt angle of panel and solar radiation during operation differ from those at standard test conditions. The effects of operating co... Read More about Performance analysis of perovskite and dye-sensitized solar cells under varying operating conditions and comparison with monocrystalline silicon cell.

A study on the antimicrobial property of the cotton fabric imparted with Michaelia champaca leaf extract loaded nanoparticles (2017)
Journal Article
Rajendran, R., Radhai, R., Savitha, R., Sundaram, S. K., Kongarasi, K., Geethadevi, C., & Rajalakshmi, V. (2017). A study on the antimicrobial property of the cotton fabric imparted with Michaelia champaca leaf extract loaded nanoparticles. International Journal Of Pharmaceutical Sciences And Research, 8(3), 1235-1244. https://doi.org/10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.8%283%29.1235-44

In the present work ethanol, methanol, ethyl acetate, chloroform and benzene extract of the Michaelia champaca leaves were screened for their antimicrobial activity. The ethanolic extracts of M. champaca leaves were proved to have the maximum antimi... Read More about A study on the antimicrobial property of the cotton fabric imparted with Michaelia champaca leaf extract loaded nanoparticles.

Solar Photovoltaic Technology Production: Potential Environmental Impacts and Implications for Governance (2016)
Book
Sundaram, S., Benson, D., & Kumar Mallick, T. (2016). Solar Photovoltaic Technology Production: Potential Environmental Impacts and Implications for Governance. Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/c2014-0-04034-8

Solar Photovoltaic Technology Production: Potential Environmental Impacts and Implications for Governance provides an overview of the emerging industrial PV sector, its technologies, and the regulatory frameworks supporting them. This new book review... Read More about Solar Photovoltaic Technology Production: Potential Environmental Impacts and Implications for Governance.

Dataset for Fully spray-coated organic solar cells on woven polyester cotton fabric for wearable energy harvesting applications (2016)
Data
Arumugam, S., Li, Y., Sundaram, S., Torah, R., Kanibolotsky, A. L., Inigo, A., Skabara, P. J., & Beeby, S. (2016). Dataset for Fully spray-coated organic solar cells on woven polyester cotton fabric for wearable energy harvesting applications. [Data]. https://doi.org/10.5258/SOTON/376690

This paper presents the novel use of spray coating to fabricate organic solar cells on fabrics for wearable energy harvesting applications. The surface roughness of standard woven 65/35 polyester cotton fabric used in this work is of the order of 150... Read More about Dataset for Fully spray-coated organic solar cells on woven polyester cotton fabric for wearable energy harvesting applications.

Prototype fabrication and experimental investigation of a conjugate refractive reflective homogeniser in a cassegrain concentrator (2016)
Journal Article
Shanks, K., Baig, H., Singh, N. P., Senthilarasu, S., Reddy, K., & Mallick, T. K. (2017). Prototype fabrication and experimental investigation of a conjugate refractive reflective homogeniser in a cassegrain concentrator. Solar Energy, 142, 97-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2016.11.038

The conjugate refractive reflective homogeniser (CRRH) is experimentally tested within a cassegrain concentrator of geometrical concentration ratio 500× and its power output compared to the theoretical predictions of a 7.76% increase. I–V traces are... Read More about Prototype fabrication and experimental investigation of a conjugate refractive reflective homogeniser in a cassegrain concentrator.

Zirconium oxide post treated tin doped TiO2 for dye sensitized solar cells (2016)
Journal Article
Akila, Y., Muthukumarasamy, N., Agilan, S., Senthilarasu, S., & Velauthapillai, D. (2017). Zirconium oxide post treated tin doped TiO2 for dye sensitized solar cells. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 57, 24-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2016.09.028

Sn doped TiO2 nanorods with 0.1, 0.25%, 0.5% and 1% dopant compositions were grown by sol-gel and hydrothermal method. Synthesized Sn doped TiO2 nanorods were post treated with Zr and HNO3 and used as photo anode in DSSC with Ru dye and dye extracted... Read More about Zirconium oxide post treated tin doped TiO2 for dye sensitized solar cells.

Thermal regulation of building-integrated concentrating photovoltaic system using phase change material (2016)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Al Siyabi, I., Sharma, S., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2016). Thermal regulation of building-integrated concentrating photovoltaic system using phase change material. In AIP Conference Proceedings (090001). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4962107

Thermal regulation of building-integrated concentrating photovoltaic (BICPV) systems have a direct influence on the photovoltaic performance. This paper investigates the thermal behavior of a BICPV and phase change material (PCM) system through numer... Read More about Thermal regulation of building-integrated concentrating photovoltaic system using phase change material.

Sea grass like arranged TiO2 nanorods sensitized by natural dyes for solar cell applications (2016)
Journal Article
Akila, Y., Muthukumarasamy, N., Agilan, S., Senthilarasu, S., & Velauthapillai, D. (2016). Sea grass like arranged TiO2 nanorods sensitized by natural dyes for solar cell applications. Applied Physics A, 122, Article 719. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-016-0236-z

Rutile-phase seagrass-like-arranged TiO2 nanorods have been synthesized by low-temperature template-free hydrothermal method. These TiO2 nanorods have been sensitized by flowers of Sesbania grandiflora, leaves of Camellia sinensis and roots of Rubia... Read More about Sea grass like arranged TiO2 nanorods sensitized by natural dyes for solar cell applications.

Molecular docking studies on potent adsorbed receptor of Thrh protein: A new target for biodegradation of indigo dye (2016)
Journal Article
Prabhavathi, P., Rajendran, R., Sundaram, S. K., Dinesh Kumar, S., Santhanam, P., Premnath, D., Ponmari, G., Manikandan, A., & Mi-Kyung, K. (2016). Molecular docking studies on potent adsorbed receptor of Thrh protein: A new target for biodegradation of indigo dye. Journal of Bioremediation and Biodegradation, 7(4), https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-6199.1000356

Vat dyes are aromatic compounds widely used for denim textile industries, this result in a great wastewater problem from this industry due to recalcitrant nature of these dyes. The active protein (ThrH) was purified from Pseudomonas aeruginosa by DEA... Read More about Molecular docking studies on potent adsorbed receptor of Thrh protein: A new target for biodegradation of indigo dye.

The application of graphene and its derivatives to energy conversion, storage, and environmental and biosensing devices (2016)
Journal Article
Tahir, A. A., Ullah, H., Sudhagar, P., Mat Teridi, M. A., Devadoss, A., & Sundaram, S. (2016). The application of graphene and its derivatives to energy conversion, storage, and environmental and biosensing devices. Chemical Record, 16(3), 1591-1634. https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.201500279

Graphene (GR) and its derivatives are promising materials on the horizon of nanotechnology and material science and have attracted a tremendous amount of research interest in recent years. The unique atom-thick 2D structure with sp2 hybridization and... Read More about The application of graphene and its derivatives to energy conversion, storage, and environmental and biosensing devices.

A selective metasurface absorber with an amorphous carbon interlayer for solar thermal applications (2016)
Journal Article
Wan, C., Ho, Y., Nunez-Sanchez, S., Chen, L., Lopez-Garcia, M., Pugh, J., Zhu, B., Selvaraj, P., Mallick, T., Senthilarasu, S., & Cryan, M. (2016). A selective metasurface absorber with an amorphous carbon interlayer for solar thermal applications. Nano Energy, 26, 392-397. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.05.013

This paper presents fabrication, measurement and modelling results for a metal-dielectric-metal metasurface absorber for solar thermal applications. The structure uses amorphous carbon as an inter-layer between thin gold films with the upper film pat... Read More about A selective metasurface absorber with an amorphous carbon interlayer for solar thermal applications.

Enhanced performance of natural dye sensitised solar cells fabricated using rutile TIO2 nanorods (2016)
Journal Article
Akila, Y., Muthukumarasamy, N., Agilan, S., Mallick, T. K., Senthilarasu, S., & Velauthapillai, D. (2016). Enhanced performance of natural dye sensitised solar cells fabricated using rutile TIO2 nanorods. Optical Materials, 58, 76-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optmat.2016.05.009

Due to the lower cost, natural dye molecules are good alternatives for the ruthenium based sensitizers in the dye-sensitized solar cells. In this article, we have reported the natural sensitizer based dye-sensitized solar cells fabricated using TiO2... Read More about Enhanced performance of natural dye sensitised solar cells fabricated using rutile TIO2 nanorods.

Status and outlook of sensitizers/dyes used in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC): a review (2016)
Journal Article
Shalini, S., Balasundaraprabhu, R., Kumar, T. S., Prabavathy, N., Senthilarasu, S., & Prasanna, S. (2016). Status and outlook of sensitizers/dyes used in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC): a review. International Journal of Energy Research, 40(10), 1303-1320. https://doi.org/10.1002/er.3538

Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have become a topic of significant research in the last two decades because of their scientific importance in the area of energy conversion. Currently, DSSC is using inorganic ruthenium (Ru)-based, metal-free organi... Read More about Status and outlook of sensitizers/dyes used in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC): a review.

Conjugate refractive–reflective homogeniser in a 500x Cassegrain concentrator: design and limits (2016)
Journal Article
Shanks, K., Baig, H., Senthilarasu, S., Reddy, K., & Mallick, T. K. (2016). Conjugate refractive–reflective homogeniser in a 500x Cassegrain concentrator: design and limits. IET Renewable Power Generation, 10(4), 440-447. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-rpg.2015.0371

In this study, we present the conjugate refractive reflective homogeniser (CRRH) to be used in a 500× Cassegrain photovoltaic concentrator. The CRRH is a dielectric crossed v-trough lined with a reflective film whilst maintaining an air gap between t... Read More about Conjugate refractive–reflective homogeniser in a 500x Cassegrain concentrator: design and limits.

Small-Volume Fabrication of a 144-Cell Assembly for High-Concentrating Photovoltaic Receivers (2016)
Journal Article
Micheli, L., Fernández, E. F., Sarmah, N., Senthilarasu, S., Reddy, K., & Mallick, T. K. (2016). Small-Volume Fabrication of a 144-Cell Assembly for High-Concentrating Photovoltaic Receivers. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, 138(3), https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4032887

Concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) is a solution that is gaining attention worldwide as a potential global player in the future energy market. Despite the impressive development in terms of CPV cell efficiency recorded in the last few years, a lack of... Read More about Small-Volume Fabrication of a 144-Cell Assembly for High-Concentrating Photovoltaic Receivers.

Theoretical investigation considering manufacturing errors of a high concentrating photovoltaic of cassegrain design and its experimental validation (2016)
Journal Article
Shanks, K., Sarmah, N., Ferrer-Rodriguez, J. P., Senthilarasu, S., Reddy, K., Fernández, E. F., & Mallick, T. (2016). Theoretical investigation considering manufacturing errors of a high concentrating photovoltaic of cassegrain design and its experimental validation. Solar Energy, 131, 235-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2016.02.050

A compact high concentrating photovoltaic module based on cassegrain optics is presented; consisting of a primary parabolic reflector, secondary inverse parabolic reflector and a third stage homogeniser. The effect of parabolic curvatures, reflector... Read More about Theoretical investigation considering manufacturing errors of a high concentrating photovoltaic of cassegrain design and its experimental validation.

Fully spray-coated organic solar cells on woven polyester cotton fabrics for wearable energy harvesting applications (2016)
Journal Article
Arumugam, S., Li, Y., Senthilarasu, S., Torah, R., Kanibolotsky, A., Inigo, A., Skabara, P., & Beebya, S. (2016). Fully spray-coated organic solar cells on woven polyester cotton fabrics for wearable energy harvesting applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4(15), 5561-5568. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5TA03389F

This paper presents the novel use of spray-coating to fabricate organic solar cells on fabrics for wearable energy harvesting applications. The surface roughness of a standard woven 65/35 polyester cotton fabric used in this work is of the order of 1... Read More about Fully spray-coated organic solar cells on woven polyester cotton fabrics for wearable energy harvesting applications.

Bioremediation of Azo Dye Containing Textile Effluent using Adapted Bacterial Strains under Subsequent Microaerophilic-Aerobic Conditions (2016)
Journal Article
Rajendran, R., Sundaram, S., Prabhavathi, P., Sridevi, B., Kumar, S., & Santhanam, P. (2016). Bioremediation of Azo Dye Containing Textile Effluent using Adapted Bacterial Strains under Subsequent Microaerophilic-Aerobic Conditions. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 75(2), 124-130

Textile effluents are causing a wholesome of trouble in our vicinity, which needs to be taken good care of before being discharged in to the natural surroundings. In our present study, we have isolated about 5 different bacterial strains from azo dye... Read More about Bioremediation of Azo Dye Containing Textile Effluent using Adapted Bacterial Strains under Subsequent Microaerophilic-Aerobic Conditions.

Optics for concentrating photovoltaics: Trends, limits and opportunities for materials and design (2016)
Journal Article
Shanks, K., Senthilarasu, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2016). Optics for concentrating photovoltaics: Trends, limits and opportunities for materials and design. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 60, 394-407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.01.089

Concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) systems are a key step in expanding the use of solar energy. Solar cells can operate at increased efficiencies under higher solar concentration and replacing solar cells with optical devices to capture light is an eff... Read More about Optics for concentrating photovoltaics: Trends, limits and opportunities for materials and design.

Influence of Nanostructures in Perovskite Solar Cells (2016)
Book Chapter
Ghosh, P., Senthilarasu, S., Nixon, T., & Krishnamurthy, S. (2016). Influence of Nanostructures in Perovskite Solar Cells. In Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-803581-8.04062-5

Inorganic–organic hybrid perovskite solar cells, a low-cost viable substitute to conventional silicon technology, have seen an unparalleled efficiency improvement within a span of few years due to their unique tunable properties. These hybrid structu... Read More about Influence of Nanostructures in Perovskite Solar Cells.

500x CPV Receiver with Integrated Micro-Finned Heat Sink (2015)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Micheli, L., Sundaram, S., Reddy, K., & Mallick, T. K. (2015). 500x CPV Receiver with Integrated Micro-Finned Heat Sink. In 11th Photovoltaic Science, Applications & Technology Conference (PVSAT-11)

Introduction The main aim of concentrating photovoltaics (CPV) is reducing the amount of the expensive semicondutive material by replacing part of it with a reflecting optics and, thus, increasing the density of the sunlight hitting a smaller cell. C... Read More about 500x CPV Receiver with Integrated Micro-Finned Heat Sink.

Thickness dependence on structural, dielectric and AC conduction studies of vacuum evaporated Sr doped BaTiO3 thin films (2015)
Journal Article
Raja, S., Bellan, C. S., Sundaram, S., subramani, G., & Rajamani, R. (2016). Thickness dependence on structural, dielectric and AC conduction studies of vacuum evaporated Sr doped BaTiO3 thin films. Optik, 127(6), 3200-3205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2015.12.072

Barium titanate (BaTiO3) doped with Strontium (BST) nanoparticles prepared by using wet chemical method were thermally evaporated on to well cleaned glass substrates under the vacuum of 2 × 10−5 Torr, using 12A4 Hind Hivac coating unit. The thickness... Read More about Thickness dependence on structural, dielectric and AC conduction studies of vacuum evaporated Sr doped BaTiO3 thin films.

Thin-Film PV Technology (2015)
Book Chapter
Upadhyaya, H. M., Sundaram, S., Ivaturi, A., Buecheler, S., & Tiwari, A. N. (2015). Thin-Film PV Technology. In D. Yogi Goswami, & F. Kreith (Eds.), Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Handbook. CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/b18947-54

Crystalline silicon (c-Si) technology has a lion’s share in the present photovoltaic (PV) industry, contributing more than 85% through the cells and modules based on poly-, mono-, and multicrystalline wafer technology (Mints and Donnelly 2011). The r... Read More about Thin-Film PV Technology.

D–π–A system based on zinc porphyrin dyes for dye-sensitized solar cells: Combined experimental and DFT–TDDFT study (2015)
Journal Article
Narra, V. K., Ullah, H., Singh, V. K., Giribabu, L., Senthilarasu, S., Karazhanov, S., Tahir, A. A., Mallick, T. K., & Upadhyaya, H. M. (2015). D–π–A system based on zinc porphyrin dyes for dye-sensitized solar cells: Combined experimental and DFT–TDDFT study. Polyhedron, 100, 313-320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poly.2015.08.035

A series of four new porphyrin-furan dyads were designed and synthesized by having anchoring group either at meso-phenyl or pyrrole-β position of a zinc porphyrin based on donor–π–acceptor (D–π–A) approach. The porphyrin macrocycle acts as donor, fur... Read More about D–π–A system based on zinc porphyrin dyes for dye-sensitized solar cells: Combined experimental and DFT–TDDFT study.

High-Concentration Optics for Photovoltaic Applications (2015)
Book Chapter
Shanks, K., Senthilarasu, S., & Mallick, T. K. (2015). High-Concentration Optics for Photovoltaic Applications. In P. Pérez-Higueras, & E. F. Fernández (Eds.), High Concentrator Photovoltaics: Fundamentals, Engineering and Power Plants (85-113). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15039-0_4

The concept of a high-concentration optical system is introduced detailing the various design types and focusing only on those aimed at photovoltaic (PV) applications. This will include point focus, line focus, imaging, nonimaging, and the classical... Read More about High-Concentration Optics for Photovoltaic Applications.

White butterflies as solar photovoltaic concentrators (2015)
Journal Article
Shanks, K., Senthilarasu, S., Ffrench-Constant, R. H., & Mallick, T. K. (2015). White butterflies as solar photovoltaic concentrators. Scientific Reports, 5, Article 12267. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep12267

Man’s harvesting of photovoltaic energy requires the deployment of extensive arrays of solar panels. To improve both the gathering of thermal and photovoltaic energy from the sun we have examined the concept of biomimicry in white butterflies of the... Read More about White butterflies as solar photovoltaic concentrators.

Review on natural dye sensitized solar cells: Operation, materials and methods (2015)
Journal Article
Shalini, S., Balasundara prabhu, R., Prasanna, S., Mallick, T. K., & Senthilarasu, S. (2015). Review on natural dye sensitized solar cells: Operation, materials and methods. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 51, 1306-1325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.052

Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC) have become a topic of significant research in the last two decades because of their fundamental and scientific importance in the area of energy conversion. Ease of fabrication with widely available materials coupled... Read More about Review on natural dye sensitized solar cells: Operation, materials and methods.

Inkjet-printed TiO2 nanoparticles from aqueous solutions for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) (2015)
Journal Article
Cherrington, R., Hughes, D. J., Senthilarasu, S., & Goodship, V. (2015). Inkjet-printed TiO2 nanoparticles from aqueous solutions for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Energy Technology, 3(8), 866-870. https://doi.org/10.1002/ente.201500096

This work reports on the formulation of suitable ink for inkjet printing of TiO2 by investigating the critical parameters of particle size, pH, viscosity, and stability. Aqueous suspensions of TiO2 nanoparticles (Degussa, P25) were prepared with the... Read More about Inkjet-printed TiO2 nanoparticles from aqueous solutions for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs).

Effect of spectral irradiance variations on the performance of highly efficient environment-friendly solar cells (2015)
Journal Article
Fernández, E. F., Cruz, F. A., Mallick, T. K., & Sundaram, S. (2015). Effect of spectral irradiance variations on the performance of highly efficient environment-friendly solar cells. IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 5(4), 1150-1157. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPHOTOV.2015.2434593

The increasing environmental concerns on photovoltaic (PV) materials have attracted much attention to environment-friendly materials for solar energy conversion. In this paper, the environment-friendly materials based on dye-sensitized solar cells (D... Read More about Effect of spectral irradiance variations on the performance of highly efficient environment-friendly solar cells.

Applicability of silicon micro-finned heat sinks for 500× concentrating photovoltaics systems (2015)
Journal Article
Micheli, L., Senthilarasu, S., Reddy, K., & Mallick, T. K. (2015). Applicability of silicon micro-finned heat sinks for 500× concentrating photovoltaics systems. Journal of Materials Science, 50, 5378-5388. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-015-9065-2

In concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) applications, the sunlight is focused onto solar cells up to thousands of times and, without an adequate cooling system, the cell’s temperature can dangerously raise over the operating temperature range in few seco... Read More about Applicability of silicon micro-finned heat sinks for 500× concentrating photovoltaics systems.

Natural dye sensitized TiO2 nanorods assembly of broccoli shape based solar cells (2015)
Journal Article
Yuvapragasam, A., Muthukumarasamy, N., Agilan, S., Velauthapillai, D., Senthil, T., & Sundaram, S. (2015). Natural dye sensitized TiO2 nanorods assembly of broccoli shape based solar cells. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 148, 223-231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.04.017

TiO2 nanorods based thin films with rutile phase have been synthesized using template free low temperature hydrothermal method. The scanning electron microscope images showed that the prepared TiO2 samples were made of TiO2 nanorods and the nanorods... Read More about Natural dye sensitized TiO2 nanorods assembly of broccoli shape based solar cells.

Spectral coupling of atmosphere and the performance of perovskite solar cells (2015)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Fernandez, E. F., Senthilarasu, S., Garcia-Loureiro, A., Almonacid, F., & Mallick, T. (2015, February). Spectral coupling of atmosphere and the performance of perovskite solar cells. Presented at 2015 10th Spanish Conference on Electron Devices (CDE), Aranjuez - Madrid, Spain

Perovskite solar cells have opened a potential market for the low cost manufacturing technics based solar cells which can change the photovoltaic (PV) production road map. Apart from the demonstrated high conversion efficiencies, these cells need to... Read More about Spectral coupling of atmosphere and the performance of perovskite solar cells.

Development of a concentrated photovoltaic thermal hybrid system for heat and power generation in Nigeria (2014)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Zamani Naman, G., Ivaturi, A., Sundaram, S., Bobbili, P., Sellami, N., Sarmah, N., Mallick, T. K., & Upadhyaya, H. (2014, April). Development of a concentrated photovoltaic thermal hybrid system for heat and power generation in Nigeria. Presented at PVSAT-10: 10th Photovoltaic Science, Applications and Technology Conference, Loughborough University

Compound Parabolic Concentrator Design for Equatorial Africa (2014)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Naman, G. Z., Sellami, N., Sarmah, N., Ivaturi, A., Senthilarasu, S., Bobbili, P., Upadhyaya, H., & Mallick, T. (2014, March). Compound Parabolic Concentrator Design for Equatorial Africa. Presented at 1st Africa Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Durban, South Africa

Compound Parabolic Concentrators (CPC) design uses interposed optical devices (such as parabolic trough, parabolic dish, linear Fresnel reflectors, etc) between the source of radiation (Sun in this case) and the energy absorbing surface (solar cell).... Read More about Compound Parabolic Concentrator Design for Equatorial Africa.

Effects of spectral coupling on perovskite solar cells under diverse climatic conditions (2014)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Fernández, E. F., Almonacid, F., & Mallick, T. K. (2015). Effects of spectral coupling on perovskite solar cells under diverse climatic conditions. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 133, 92-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2014.10.037

The high conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells has opened a potential market for solar cells based on low cost manufacturing techniques which could change the photovoltaic (PV) production road map. Although the 9% efficient 10 cm x 10 cm pe... Read More about Effects of spectral coupling on perovskite solar cells under diverse climatic conditions.

Spray deposited copper zinc tin sulphide (Cu2ZnSnS4) film as a counter electrode in dye sensitized solar cells (2014)
Journal Article
Swami, S. K., Chaturvedi, N., Kumar, A., Chander, N., Dutta, V., Kumar, D. K., Ivaturi, A., Senthilarasu, S., & Upadhyaya, H. M. (2014). Spray deposited copper zinc tin sulphide (Cu2ZnSnS4) film as a counter electrode in dye sensitized solar cells. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 16(43), 23993-23999. https://doi.org/10.1039/C4CP03312D

Stoichiometric thin films of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) were deposited by the spray technique on a FTO coated glass substrate, with post-annealing in a H2S environment to improve the film properties. CZTS films were used as a counter electrode (CE) in Dye-Sens... Read More about Spray deposited copper zinc tin sulphide (Cu2ZnSnS4) film as a counter electrode in dye sensitized solar cells.

Fabrication of NiO photoelectrodes by aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD) (2014)
Journal Article
Mat-Teridi, M., Tahir, A. A., Senthilarasu, S., Wijayantha, K., Sulaiman, M., Ahmad-Ludin, N., Ibrahim, M., & Sopian, K. (2014). Fabrication of NiO photoelectrodes by aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD). physica status solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters, 8(12), 982-986. https://doi.org/10.1002/pssr.201409056

Nanostructured nickel oxide (NiO) photoelectrodes were fabricated with controlled morphology and texture using single-step aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD). The durable one-step film fabrication process resulted in highly crystalli... Read More about Fabrication of NiO photoelectrodes by aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD).

Ethynyl thiophene-appended unsymmetrical zinc porphyrin sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells (2014)
Journal Article
Reeta, P. S., Giribabu, L., Senthilarasu, S., Hsu, M., Kumar, D. K., Upadhyaya, H. M., Robertson, N., & Hewat, T. (2014). Ethynyl thiophene-appended unsymmetrical zinc porphyrin sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells. RSC Advances, 4(27), 14165-14175. https://doi.org/10.1039/C3RA47948J

Four unsymmetrical porphyrins of A2B donor–π–acceptor type have been designed, synthesized, characterized and their photovoltaic properties explored. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), such as pyrene or fluorene, act as a donor, the porphyrin is... Read More about Ethynyl thiophene-appended unsymmetrical zinc porphyrin sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells.

Design and optimisation of process parameters in an in-line CIGS evaporation pilot system (2013)
Journal Article
Wei, Z., Bobbili, P. R., Senthilarasu, S., Shimell, T., & Upadhyaya, H. M. (2014). Design and optimisation of process parameters in an in-line CIGS evaporation pilot system. Surface and Coatings Technology, 241, 159-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2013.10.033

Substantial efforts have been made globally towards improving Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin film solar cell efficiencies with several organisations successfully exceeding the 20% barrier on a research level using the three-stage CIGS process, but commercial mass... Read More about Design and optimisation of process parameters in an in-line CIGS evaporation pilot system.

Recent progress and the status of dye-sensitised solar cell (DSSC) technology with state-of-the-art conversion efficiencies (2013)
Journal Article
Upadhyaya, H. M., Senthilarasu, S., Hsu, M., & Kumar, D. U. K. (2013). Recent progress and the status of dye-sensitised solar cell (DSSC) technology with state-of-the-art conversion efficiencies. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 119, 291-295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2013.08.031

Dye-sensitised solar cell (DSSC) technology has seen some radical advancement recently owing to the new materials and device structure innovations. The efficiency increase in the solid state version of DSSCs from about 5% to over 15% have been report... Read More about Recent progress and the status of dye-sensitised solar cell (DSSC) technology with state-of-the-art conversion efficiencies.

Comparison of fungal laccase production on different solid substrates, immobilization and its decolorization potential on synthetic textile dyes (2012)
Journal Article
Rajendran, R., Sundaram, S. K., Yasodha, K., & Umamaheswari, K. (2012). Comparison of fungal laccase production on different solid substrates, immobilization and its decolorization potential on synthetic textile dyes. The IIOAB Journal, 3(5), 1-6

Laccases are polyphenol oxidases that require O2 to oxidize phenols, polyphenols, aromatic amines and different non-phenolic substrates by one electron transfer resulting in the formation of reactive radicals. In the current study 2 laccase producing... Read More about Comparison of fungal laccase production on different solid substrates, immobilization and its decolorization potential on synthetic textile dyes.

Preparation of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells: influence of mechanical compression (2012)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Peiris, T. N., Garcia-Canadas, J., & Wijayantha, K. U. (2012). Preparation of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells: influence of mechanical compression. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 116(36), 19053-19061. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp301638p

Nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes were prepared using binder-free TiO2 paste on conductive ITO-PEN substrates by the doctor-blade method at significantly low temperature (140 °C), and the electrodes were further processed under different compressions (... Read More about Preparation of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells: influence of mechanical compression.

Aerobic biodecolorization of mixture of azo dye containing textile effluent using adapted microbial strains. (2011)
Journal Article
Rajendran, R., Sundaram, S. K., & Maheswari, K. U. (2011). Aerobic biodecolorization of mixture of azo dye containing textile effluent using adapted microbial strains. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 4(6), 568-578. https://doi.org/10.3923/jest.2011.568.578

The current study aimed at developing a microbial consortium using indigenously adapted microbial populations which could be used in the treatment of azo dye containing textile effluent under aerobic conditions. From about 265 different bacterial iso... Read More about Aerobic biodecolorization of mixture of azo dye containing textile effluent using adapted microbial strains..

Bioscouring of cotton fabrics using pectinase enzyme its optimization and comparison with conventional scouring process. (2011)
Journal Article
Rajendran, R., Sundaram, S. K., Radhai, R., & Rajapriya, P. (2011). Bioscouring of cotton fabrics using pectinase enzyme its optimization and comparison with conventional scouring process. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 14(9), 519-525. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2011.519.525

The conventional scouring process involving the harsh environment is slowly being replaced with environment friendly approach using enzymes. These enzymes remove the non cellulosic impurities present in the fabric. Such a process would enhance the ab... Read More about Bioscouring of cotton fabrics using pectinase enzyme its optimization and comparison with conventional scouring process..

Enhanced performance of flexible dye-sensitized solar cells: Electrodeposition of Mg (OH) 2 on a nanocrystalline TiO2 electrode (2011)
Journal Article
Peiris, T. N., Senthilarasu, S., & Wijayantha, K. U. (2012). Enhanced performance of flexible dye-sensitized solar cells: Electrodeposition of Mg (OH) 2 on a nanocrystalline TiO2 electrode. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 116(1), 1211-1218. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp208267p

Nanocrystalline TiO2 photoanodes were prepared on a conductive indium–tin oxide coated polyethylene naphthalate (ITO-PEN) plastic substrate by the doctor-blade method to fabricate flexible dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The surface of the photoan... Read More about Enhanced performance of flexible dye-sensitized solar cells: Electrodeposition of Mg (OH) 2 on a nanocrystalline TiO2 electrode.

The different types of ZnO materials on the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (2011)
Journal Article
Uthirakumar, P., Kang, J. H., Senthilarasu, S., & Hong, C. (2011). The different types of ZnO materials on the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells. Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, 43(9), 1746-1750. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physe.2011.06.001

Different types of zinc oxide (ZnO) materials such as micro-rods, textured, nanoparticles and nanorods have been synthesized as photoanodes via a simple method for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The relationship between the optical transparency... Read More about The different types of ZnO materials on the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells.

Isolation and characterization of bioactive compounds from marine bacteria (2011)
Journal Article
Devi, N. K. A., Rajendran, R., & Sundaram, S. K. (2011). Isolation and characterization of bioactive compounds from marine bacteria. Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources, 2(1), 59-64

With a huge volume of unexplored wealth, marine environment dazzles out to be a very good source, capable of answering many unsolved questions and a treasure of unresolved mysteries. In this work coastal water samples were collected from Thiruchendur... Read More about Isolation and characterization of bioactive compounds from marine bacteria.

Characterization of Zinc-phthalocyanine–CdS composite thin films for photovoltaic applications (2009)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Lee, S., & Velumani, S. (2010). Characterization of Zinc-phthalocyanine–CdS composite thin films for photovoltaic applications. Vacuum, 84(10), 1212-1215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2009.10.027

The optical properties of ZnPc–CdS composite thin films have been measured. The composite layers were prepared by vacuum evaporation. The electrical conduction mechanism prevailing in these junctions was of Poole–Frenkel type and the activation energ... Read More about Characterization of Zinc-phthalocyanine–CdS composite thin films for photovoltaic applications.

Structural and optical properties of electrodeposited Cd0.7Zn0.3Se thin films: Effect of annealing (2009)
Journal Article
Chavhan, S., Mane, R., Ganesh, T., Lee, W., Han, S., Senthilarasu, S., & Lee, S. (2009). Structural and optical properties of electrodeposited Cd0.7Zn0.3Se thin films: Effect of annealing. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 474(1-2), 210-213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2008.06.046

Thin films of cadmium zinc selenide (Cd0.7Zn0.3Se) were deposited on ITO substrate by electrodeposition technique. The as-deposited films were annealed at 200, 300 and 400 °C for 1 h in ambient air. Composition, surface morphology and structural prop... Read More about Structural and optical properties of electrodeposited Cd0.7Zn0.3Se thin films: Effect of annealing.

Polymer solar cells based on inkjet-printed PEDOT: PSS layer (2009)
Journal Article
Eom, S. H., Senthilarasu, S., Uthirakumar, P., Yoon, S. C., Lim, J., Lee, C., …Lee, S. (2009). Polymer solar cells based on inkjet-printed PEDOT: PSS layer. Organic Electronics, 10(3), 536-542. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2009.01.015

In this article, we have demonstrated solar cell performance of the inkjet-printed PEDOT:PSS layer and the roles of additives in device efficiency. The newly proposed PEDOT:PSS inks with additives of glycerol and surfactant show the improved surface... Read More about Polymer solar cells based on inkjet-printed PEDOT: PSS layer.

Study on photoelectrochemical solar cells of nanocrystalline Cd0. 7Zn0. 3Se-water soluble conjugated polymer (2008)
Journal Article
Chavhan, S., Mane, R., Lee, W., Senthilarasu, S., Han, S., Lee, J., & Lee, S. (2009). Study on photoelectrochemical solar cells of nanocrystalline Cd0. 7Zn0. 3Se-water soluble conjugated polymer. Electrochimica Acta, 54(11), 3169-3175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2008.11.065

Cadmium zinc selenide (Cd0.7Zn0.3Se) nanocrystalline thin films were chemically synthesized onto indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass substrate at relatively low temperature (

Nanocrystalline CdSe thin films of different morphologies in thermal evaporation process (2008)
Journal Article
Pal, U., Zaldivar, M. H., Sathyamoorthy, R., Manjuladevi, V., Sudhagar, P., Mohan, S. C., & Senthilarasu, S. (2008). Nanocrystalline CdSe thin films of different morphologies in thermal evaporation process. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 8(12), 6474-6480. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.18410

Cadmium selenide nanocrystalline thin films of quasi-spherical morphology are prepared by evaporating CdSe nanopowders on glass substrates. Slightly oval shaped CdSe particles of about 165 nm average size (in 2-D) could be assembled over glass substr... Read More about Nanocrystalline CdSe thin films of different morphologies in thermal evaporation process.

Effect of temperature on stacking orientations of zinc phthalocyanine thin films (2008)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Baek, S., Chavhan, S., Lee, J., & Lee, S. (2008). Effect of temperature on stacking orientations of zinc phthalocyanine thin films. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 8(10), 5414-5417. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.1050

This paper reports the structural and optical properties of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films, prepared by thermal evaporation method, and their stacking dependence on the substrate temperature. The thickness of the films was measured by a quartz... Read More about Effect of temperature on stacking orientations of zinc phthalocyanine thin films.

Nano-Scale ZnO Buffer Layer for Inkjet-Printed Polymer Solar Cells (2008)
Journal Article
Eom, S. H., Senthilarasu, S., Yoon, S. C., Lee, J., & Lee, S. (2008). Nano-Scale ZnO Buffer Layer for Inkjet-Printed Polymer Solar Cells. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 8(10), 5113-5117. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.1079

Zinc oxide (ZnO) was used as a buffer layer in the fabrication of polymer solar cells with the configuration of ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P3HT:PCBM/ZnO/Ag, in which the Ag cathode was prepared by inkjet printing using silver ink. Due to the hydrophobic nature of... Read More about Nano-Scale ZnO Buffer Layer for Inkjet-Printed Polymer Solar Cells.

Effect of annealing on the structural and optical properties of indium-diffused Cd0. 7Zn0. 3Se thin films (2008)
Journal Article
Chavhan, S., Senthilarasu, S., Lee, J., & Lee, S. (2008). Effect of annealing on the structural and optical properties of indium-diffused Cd0. 7Zn0. 3Se thin films. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 41(16), Article 165502. https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/41/16/165502

Cadmium zinc-selenide (Cd0.7Zn0.3Se) thin films were deposited on the ITO substrate using chemical bath deposition techniques by optimizing the deposition parameters. The as-deposited films were annealed in air at 200, 300 and 400 °C for 1 h. The com... Read More about Effect of annealing on the structural and optical properties of indium-diffused Cd0. 7Zn0. 3Se thin films.

Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method (2008)
Journal Article
Kumar, G. G., Senthilarasu, S., Lee, D. N., Kim, A. R., Kim, P., Nahm, K. S., Lee, S., & Elizabeth, R. N. (2008). Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method. Synthetic Metals, 158(17-18), 684-687. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2008.04.031

The power of nanomaterials has been hampered by the difficulty in controlling their size and morphology. Monodispersed silica particles with different nanometer sizes synthesized by a novel spray method remove the obstacles for the commercialization... Read More about Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method.

Preparation and characterization of nano-scale ZnO as a buffer layer for inkjet printing of silver cathode in polymer solar cells (2008)
Journal Article
Eom, S. H., Senthilarasu, S., Uthirakumar, P., Hong, C., Lee, Y., Lim, J., Yoon, S. C., Lee, C., & Lee, S. (2008). Preparation and characterization of nano-scale ZnO as a buffer layer for inkjet printing of silver cathode in polymer solar cells. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 92(5), 564-570. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2007.12.004

Less-populated and well-isolated ZnO nanorods were prepared from a simple solution method by using polyethylene glycol (PEG) surfactant molecules. The structural and morphological information provided by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field-emission sca... Read More about Preparation and characterization of nano-scale ZnO as a buffer layer for inkjet printing of silver cathode in polymer solar cells.

Annealing effect on the structural and optical properties of a Cd1−xZnxS thin film for photovoltaic applications (2008)
Journal Article
Chavhan, S., Senthilarasu, S., & Lee, S. (2008). Annealing effect on the structural and optical properties of a Cd1−xZnxS thin film for photovoltaic applications. Applied Surface Science, 254(15), 4539-4545. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2008.01.054

Herein is a report of a study on a Cd1−xZnxS thin film grown on an ITO substrate using a chemical bath deposition technique. The as-deposited films were annealed in air at 400 °C for 30 min. The composition, surface morphology and structural properti... Read More about Annealing effect on the structural and optical properties of a Cd1−xZnxS thin film for photovoltaic applications.

Synthesis of Cd1−xMnxS nanoclusters by surfactant-assisted method: Structural, optical and magnetic properties (2007)
Journal Article
Sudhagar, P., Sathyamoorthy, R., Chandramohan, S., Senthilarasu, S., & Lee, S. (2008). Synthesis of Cd1−xMnxS nanoclusters by surfactant-assisted method: Structural, optical and magnetic properties. Materials Letters, 62(16), 2430-2433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2007.12.013

Cd1 − xMnxS nanoclusters were synthesized by surfactant-assisted chemical method for different Manganese (Mn) concentration (0.40 ≤ x ≥ 0.10) at 60 °C in argon atmosphere. Incorporation of magnetic ions (Mn) results a decrease in band gap of Cd1 − xM... Read More about Synthesis of Cd1−xMnxS nanoclusters by surfactant-assisted method: Structural, optical and magnetic properties.

Structural analysis of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films: X-ray diffraction study (2007)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Hahn, Y., & Lee, S. (2007). Structural analysis of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films: X-ray diffraction study. Journal of Applied Physics, 102(4), Article 043512. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2771046

X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to analyze the structure of thermally evaporated zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) organic thin films, as functions of the substrate temperature and film thickness. A metastable α to stable β phase transformation has been ob... Read More about Structural analysis of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films: X-ray diffraction study.

Nano structure formation in vacuum evaporated zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films (2007)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Hahn, Y., & Lee, S. (2008). Nano structure formation in vacuum evaporated zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 19(5), 482-486. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-007-9368-4

In this article we have reported the nano structure formation in ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films coated on glass substrates by thermal evaporation method. The structure of the films was analyzed by an X-ray diffractometer (using Cu Kα radiation... Read More about Nano structure formation in vacuum evaporated zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films.

Surfactant-assisted room-temperature synthesis of CdSe nanoclusters (2007)
Journal Article
Sathyamoorthy, R., Manjuladevi, V., Sudhagar, P., Senthilarasu, S., & Pal, U. (2007). Surfactant-assisted room-temperature synthesis of CdSe nanoclusters. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 105(1), 20-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2007.04.008

CdSe nanoclusters of about 22 nm average size have been synthesized by a surfactant-assisted chemical method at room temperature. The as-grown nanoclusters were near stoichiometric and 70% of them were of hexagonal wurtzite crystalline phase. With un... Read More about Surfactant-assisted room-temperature synthesis of CdSe nanoclusters.

Photoconduction and transport mechanisms in polycrystalline zincphthalocyanine thin films (2007)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., & Lee, S. (2007). Photoconduction and transport mechanisms in polycrystalline zincphthalocyanine thin films. Crystal Research and Technology, 42(5), 504-510. https://doi.org/10.1002/crat.200610856

Zincphthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films were prepared by the vacuum evaporation method under a pressure of 10-6 mbar. The X-ray diffraction analysis of vacuum evaporated ZnPc films reveals that the structure of the films is polycrystalline in nature. Th... Read More about Photoconduction and transport mechanisms in polycrystalline zincphthalocyanine thin films.

Improvement of device performances by thin interlayer in conjugated polymers/methanofullerene plastic solar cell (2007)
Journal Article
Park, J., Han, S., Senthilarasu, S., & Lee, S. (2007). Improvement of device performances by thin interlayer in conjugated polymers/methanofullerene plastic solar cell. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 91(8), 751-753. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2007.01.005

Recent studies have reported that a thin interlayer between poly(3, 4-ethylene dioxythiophene)-poly(styrene sulfonic acid) (PEDOT: PSS) and an emissive polymer layer leads to a large increase in the performances of polymer light-emitting diodes (PLED... Read More about Improvement of device performances by thin interlayer in conjugated polymers/methanofullerene plastic solar cell.

Dielectric and ac conduction properties of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films (2007)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Ascencio, J., Lee, S., & Hahn, Y. (2007). Dielectric and ac conduction properties of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films. Journal of Applied Physics, 101(3), Article 034111. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2435805

The dielectric responses of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films, deposited using the vacuum evaporation technique, were studied as functions of frequency and temperature. The conductivity of the deposited films decreases with increase in temperatur... Read More about Dielectric and ac conduction properties of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films.

Structural Orientations and Optical Bandgap of Zinc Phthalocyanine (ZnPc) Thin Films: Modification by Substrate Temperature (2006)
Journal Article
Sathyamoorthy, R., & Senthilarasu, S. (2007). Structural Orientations and Optical Bandgap of Zinc Phthalocyanine (ZnPc) Thin Films: Modification by Substrate Temperature. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 154(1), https://doi.org/10.1149/1.2372580

The variations of the structural orientations and optical bandgap values have been reported for the zinc phthalocyanine thin film coated on elevated substrate temperatures. The optical bandgap energy values are estimated from the Q band maximum. The... Read More about Structural Orientations and Optical Bandgap of Zinc Phthalocyanine (ZnPc) Thin Films: Modification by Substrate Temperature.

Effect of substrate temperature on the optical constants of zincphthalocyanine thin films (2006)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., & Sathyamoorthy, R. (2006). Effect of substrate temperature on the optical constants of zincphthalocyanine thin films. Crystal Research and Technology, 41(11), 1136-1141. https://doi.org/10.1002/crat.200610734

The influence of the film thickness and substrate temperature on optical constants of the vacuum evaporated ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films have been reported in this paper. The direct and allowed optical band gap energy has been evaluated fro... Read More about Effect of substrate temperature on the optical constants of zincphthalocyanine thin films.

Electronic structure, structural and optical properties of thermally evaporated CdTe thin films (2006)
Journal Article
Lalitha, S., Karazhanov, S., Ravindran, P., Senthilarasu, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., & Janabergenov, J. (2007). Electronic structure, structural and optical properties of thermally evaporated CdTe thin films. Physica B: Condensed Matter, 387(1-2), 227-238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2006.04.008

Thin films of CdTe were deposited on glass substrates by thermal evaporation. From the XRD measurements it is found that the films are of zinc-blende-type structure. The lattice parameter was determined as a = 6.529 Å, which is larger than 6.48 Å of... Read More about Electronic structure, structural and optical properties of thermally evaporated CdTe thin films.

Influence of RMS strain on optical band gap of ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films (2005)
Journal Article
Sathyamoorthy, R., & Senthilarasu, S. (2006). Influence of RMS strain on optical band gap of ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films. Solar Energy, 80(2), 201-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2005.06.005

The Flash evaporated ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films were analyzed using atomic force microscope (AFM). A homogeneous distribution of crystalline domains can be observed from the image. The crystallite size increases with increase in film thickn... Read More about Influence of RMS strain on optical band gap of ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films.

Substrate temperature effects on structural orientations and optical properties of ZincPthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films (2005)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., & Kulkarni, S. (2005). Substrate temperature effects on structural orientations and optical properties of ZincPthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films. Materials Science and Engineering: B, 122(2), 100-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2005.05.005

The effect of substrate temperature on structural and optical properties of vacuum evaporated ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films have been studied by the X-ray diffraction method (XRD) and spectrophotometer, respectively. The X-ray diffraction anal... Read More about Substrate temperature effects on structural orientations and optical properties of ZincPthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films.

Structural properties of swift heavy ion beam irradiated Fe/Si bilayers (2005)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Lalitha, S., & Avasthi, D. (2005). Structural properties of swift heavy ion beam irradiated Fe/Si bilayers. Thin Solid Films, 490(2), 177-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2005.04.051

The Fe/Si multilayers were prepared by electron beam evaporation in a cryo-pumped vacuum deposition system. Ag+ and Au+ ions of 100 MeV at two different fluencies such as 1 × 1012 ions/cm2 and 1 × 1013 ions/cm2 at a pressure of 10− 7 torr were used t... Read More about Structural properties of swift heavy ion beam irradiated Fe/Si bilayers.

Electrical conduction properties of ZnPc/TiO2 thin films (2005)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Lalitha, S., & Subbarayan, A. (2006). Electrical conduction properties of ZnPc/TiO2 thin films. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 90(6), 783-797. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2005.04.015

In this paper we have reported the electrical properties of Al/ZnPc–TiO2/Al thin film device. The composite layers were prepared by the vacuum evaporation of ZnPc and sol–gel-coated TiO2. The current–voltage characteristics are found to be Ohmic and... Read More about Electrical conduction properties of ZnPc/TiO2 thin films.

Influence of CdCl2 treatment on structural and optical properties of vacuum evaporated CdTe thin films (2005)
Journal Article
Lalitha, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Senthilarasu, S., & Subbarayan, A. (2006). Influence of CdCl2 treatment on structural and optical properties of vacuum evaporated CdTe thin films. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 90(6), 694-703. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2005.04.006

In this article we have discussed the structural, optical properties of vacuum evaporated CdTe thin films before and after CdCl2 treatment. The CdTe thin films were prepared by vacuum evaporation. Films were prepared under the vacuum of 10−6 Torr. Th... Read More about Influence of CdCl2 treatment on structural and optical properties of vacuum evaporated CdTe thin films.

Structural properties of CdTe thin films on different substrates (2005)
Journal Article
Chandramohan, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Lalitha, S., & Senthilarasu, S. (2006). Structural properties of CdTe thin films on different substrates. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 90(6), 686-693. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2005.04.005

Cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin films were grown by thermal evaporation method on glass and thin metallic foils such as stainless steel (SS) and molybdenum (Mo). The as-deposited film structure was studied by X-ray diffractometer. Films coated on glass... Read More about Structural properties of CdTe thin films on different substrates.

Influence of electrode on electrical conduction of ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films (2005)
Journal Article
Sathyamoorthy, R., Senthilarasu, S., Lalitha, S., & Subbarayan, A. (2006). Influence of electrode on electrical conduction of ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 90(6), 770-782. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2005.04.014

The electrical conduction properties of ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films have been studied using copper, silver and aluminium electrodes. The sandwich structures were prepared by the thermal evaporation method. The I–V characteristics were invest... Read More about Influence of electrode on electrical conduction of ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films.

Space charge limited current conduction in ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films (2005)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Lalitha, S., & Subbarayan, A. (2005). Space charge limited current conduction in ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films. Solid-State Electronics, 49(5), 813-817. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sse.2005.01.007

The electrical conduction properties of ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films, sandwiched between Aluminium electrodes (metal–semiconductor–metal) were investigated at the temperature range 303–483 K. At the low-voltage region the current conduction i... Read More about Space charge limited current conduction in ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films.

Electrical conduction properties of flash evaporated ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films (2004)
Journal Article
Sathyamoorthy, R., Senthilarasu, S., Lalitha, S., Subbarayan, A., Natarajan, K., & Mathew, X. (2004). Electrical conduction properties of flash evaporated ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 82(1-2), 169-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2004.01.015

Solar energy as the principle source has become very attractive, as it is abundantly available, can be tapped locally, pollution free and commercially viable over a period. Solar energy may be converted to other forms of higher-grade energy through o... Read More about Electrical conduction properties of flash evaporated ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films.

Synthesis and characterization of β-FeSi2 grown by thermal annealing of Fe/Si bilayers for photovoltaic applications (2004)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., & Lalitha, S. (2004). Synthesis and characterization of β-FeSi2 grown by thermal annealing of Fe/Si bilayers for photovoltaic applications. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 82(1-2), 299-305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2004.01.027

In this article we have reported the synthesis and characterization of FeSi2 thin films. The Fe/Si thin films were obtained by electron beam evaporation. Thermal annealing was carried out at 650°C for 1 h. The formation of the β-FeSi2 layers were cha... Read More about Synthesis and characterization of β-FeSi2 grown by thermal annealing of Fe/Si bilayers for photovoltaic applications.

Characterization of CdTe thin film—dependence of structural and optical properties on temperature and thickness (2004)
Journal Article
Lalitha, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Senthilarasu, S., Subbarayan, A., & Natarajan, K. (2004). Characterization of CdTe thin film—dependence of structural and optical properties on temperature and thickness. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 82(1-2), 187-199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2004.01.017

The X-ray diffraction analysis of vacuum-evaporated cadmium telluride (CdTe) films reveals that the structure of the films is polycrystalline in nature for the samples prepared at higher substrate temperatures. The crystallite size (D), dislocation d... Read More about Characterization of CdTe thin film—dependence of structural and optical properties on temperature and thickness.

Thermally evaporated ZnPc thin films—band gap dependence on thicknessp dependence on thickness (2004)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Lalitha, S., Subbarayan, A., & Natarajan, K. (2004). Thermally evaporated ZnPc thin films—band gap dependence on thicknessp dependence on thickness. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 82(1-2), 179-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2004.01.016

The ZincPhthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films were obtained by thermal evaporation method. The X-ray diffraction analysis of vacuum evaporated ZnPc films reveals that the structure of the film is polycrystalline in nature for the samples grown at higher s... Read More about Thermally evaporated ZnPc thin films—band gap dependence on thicknessp dependence on thickness.

Structural, Optical and Electrical Properties of Zinc Phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films (2003)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Senthilarasu, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Kanmani, K., Lalitha, S., & Subbarayan, A. (2003, December). Structural, Optical and Electrical Properties of Zinc Phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films. Presented at International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies, Singapore

In this article, we have reported the structural, optical and electrical properties of ZnPc thin films. The samples were prepared by thermal evaporation method. The thickness of the samples were measured by the quartz crystal monitor. The structural... Read More about Structural, Optical and Electrical Properties of Zinc Phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films.

Optical Properties of Vacuum Evaporated amorphous CdTe Thin Films (2003)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Sathyamoorthy, R., Lalitha, S., Senthilarasu, S., Subbarayan, A., & Natarajan, K. (2003, December). Optical Properties of Vacuum Evaporated amorphous CdTe Thin Films

In this paper, we have reported the optical properties of vacuum evaporated CdTe thin films. Thin films have been prepared from the polycrystalline powder of CdTe on well-cleaned glass substrate under the vacuum of 10−6 Torr. The thicknesses of the f... Read More about Optical Properties of Vacuum Evaporated amorphous CdTe Thin Films.

Characterization of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) for photovoltaic applications (2003)
Journal Article
Senthilarasu, S., Velumani, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Subbarayan, A., Ascencio, J., Canizal, G., Sebastian, P., Chavez, J., & Perez, R. (2003). Characterization of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) for photovoltaic applications. Applied Physics A, 77(3-4), 383-389. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-003-2184-7

Zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) is a promising candidate for solar-cell applications, because it is easily synthesized and is non-toxic to the environment. Recently, phthalocyanine (Pc) was considered by many researchers as the active part in all-organic... Read More about Characterization of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) for photovoltaic applications.

Structural, optical and thermal properties of flash evaporated zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films (2002)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Senthilarasu, S., Sathyamoorthy, R., Subbarayan, A., Sebastian, P., Matthew, X., & Velumani, S. (2002). Structural, optical and thermal properties of flash evaporated zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films.

Today is the age of solar cells or solar panels. Development of an efficient and economical solar cell module is the dream of the photovoltaic community. During the last three decades considerable development has been achieved in the field of solar e... Read More about Structural, optical and thermal properties of flash evaporated zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin films.