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Advancing sustainable building through passive cooling with phase change materials, a comprehensive literature review

Ghamari, Mehrdad; See, Chan Hwang; Hughes, David; Mallick, Tapas; Reddy, K Srinivas; Patchigolla, Kumar; Sundaram, Senthilarasu

Authors

Mehrdad Ghamari

David Hughes

Tapas Mallick

K Srinivas Reddy

Kumar Patchigolla



Abstract

Phase Change Materials (PCMs) present cutting-edge technology with substantial promise for advancing sustainable and energy-efficient cooling in buildings. These materials can absorb and release latent heat during phase transitions, facilitating thermal energy storage and temperature regulation. This comprehensive literature review explores various strategies and methods for implementing passive cooling with PCMs in buildings. The integration of PCMs enhances multiple passive cooling approaches, including solar control, ground cooling, ventilation-based heat dissipation, radiative cooling, and thermal mass-based heat modulation. The analysis delves into PCM classifications, encapsulation techniques, melting enthalpies, integration into diverse building envelopes, and performance across different climates. The findings from this comprehensive review indicated that PCM walls introduce a 2-hour delay in heat transfer and mitigate external temperature fluctuations. Windows equipped with PCM panels reduce heat transfer by 66 %. Combining PCMs with nocturnal radiative cooling leads to interior surface temperature reductions exceeding 13 °C. Natural ventilation with PCMs results in notable energy savings of up to 90 % in hot climates. The combination of free cooling and PCM thermal storage reduces charging times by 35 % while enhancing heat transfer. Simulations performed in the open literature suggested that strategic placement of PCMs in lightweight building walls reduces heat flux and overall energy consumption. Despite facing challenges related to scalability, compatibility, reliability, and recycling, PCM solutions demonstrate robust potential. When integrated thoughtfully into building design, PCMs significantly improve thermal performance and energy efficiency. Experimental validations confirm energy reductions ranging from 14 % to 90 %, underscoring the adaptability of passive cooling techniques leveraging PCM thermal storage and heat transfer capabilities across various climates.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 6, 2024
Online Publication Date Apr 16, 2024
Publication Date 2024-06
Deposit Date Apr 6, 2024
Publicly Available Date Apr 8, 2024
Print ISSN 0378-7788
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 312
Article Number 114164
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2024.114164
Keywords Phase Change Material (PCM); Passive cooling Buildings; Solar Control; Thermal modulation; Sustainable Cooling Energy
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/3587708

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