Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Aqueous solutions of HEC and hmHEC: effects of molecular mass versus hydrophobic associations on hydrodynamic and thermodynamic parameters.

Vadodaria, Saumil Sudhir; English, Robert John


Saumil Sudhir Vadodaria

Robert John English


Aqueous solutions of amphiphilic polymers
usually comprise of inter- and intramolecular
associations of hydrophobic groups often leading to a
formation of a rheologically significant reversible
network at low concentrations that can be identified
using techniques such as static light scattering and
rheometry. However, in most studies published till
date comparing water soluble polymers with their
respective amphiphilic derivatives, it has been very
difficult to distinguish between the effects of molecular
mass versus hydrophobic associations on hydrodynamic
(intrinsic viscosity [g]) and thermodynamic
parameters (second virial coefficient A2), owing to the
differences between their degrees of polymerization.
This study focuses on the dilute and semi-dilute
solutions of hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) and its
amphiphilic derivatives (hmHEC) of the same molecular
mass, along with other samples having a different
molecular mass using capillary viscometry, rheometry
and static light scattering. The weight average molecular
masses (MW) and their distributions for the nonassociative
HEC were determined using size exclusion chromatography. Various empirical approaches developed
by past authors to determine [g] from dilute solution viscometry data have been discussed. hmHEC with a sufficiently high degree of hydrophobic modification was found to be forming a rheologically significant network in dilute solutions at very low concentrations as opposed to the hmHEC with a much lower degree of hydrophobic modification which also enveloped the hydrophobic groups inside the supramolecular cluster as shown by their [g] and A2.
The ratio A2MW/[g], which takes into account hydrodynamic as well as thermodynamic parameters, was
observed to be less for associative polymers compared
to that of the non-associative polymers.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 6, 2016
Online Publication Date Jan 19, 2016
Publication Date Jan 19, 2016
Deposit Date Jan 29, 2016
Publicly Available Date Jan 29, 2016
Print ISSN 0969-0239
Electronic ISSN 1572-882X
Publisher BMC
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue 2
Pages 1107-1121
Keywords Intrinsic viscosity;Second virial coefficient; Associative polymers; Amphiphilic polymers; Static light scattering; HEC; hmHEC;
Public URL
Publisher URL
Contract Date Jan 29, 2016


You might also like

Downloadable Citations