Saumil Sudhir Vadodaria
Aqueous solutions of HEC and hmHEC: effects of molecular mass versus hydrophobic associations on hydrodynamic and thermodynamic parameters.
Vadodaria, Saumil Sudhir; English, Robert John
Robert John English
Aqueous solutions of amphiphilic polymers
usually comprise of inter- and intramolecular
associations of hydrophobic groups often leading to a
formation of a rheologically significant reversible
network at low concentrations that can be identified
using techniques such as static light scattering and
rheometry. However, in most studies published till
date comparing water soluble polymers with their
respective amphiphilic derivatives, it has been very
difficult to distinguish between the effects of molecular
mass versus hydrophobic associations on hydrodynamic
(intrinsic viscosity [g]) and thermodynamic
parameters (second virial coefficient A2), owing to the
differences between their degrees of polymerization.
This study focuses on the dilute and semi-dilute
solutions of hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) and its
amphiphilic derivatives (hmHEC) of the same molecular
mass, along with other samples having a different
molecular mass using capillary viscometry, rheometry
and static light scattering. The weight average molecular
masses (MW) and their distributions for the nonassociative
HEC were determined using size exclusion chromatography. Various empirical approaches developed
by past authors to determine [g] from dilute solution viscometry data have been discussed. hmHEC with a sufficiently high degree of hydrophobic modification was found to be forming a rheologically significant network in dilute solutions at very low concentrations as opposed to the hmHEC with a much lower degree of hydrophobic modification which also enveloped the hydrophobic groups inside the supramolecular cluster as shown by their [g] and A2.
The ratio A2MW/[g], which takes into account hydrodynamic as well as thermodynamic parameters, was
observed to be less for associative polymers compared
to that of the non-associative polymers.
Vadodaria, S. S., & English, R. J. (2016). Aqueous solutions of HEC and hmHEC: effects of molecular mass versus hydrophobic associations on hydrodynamic and thermodynamic parameters. Cellulose, 23(2), 1107-1121. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-016-0861-x
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jan 6, 2016|
|Online Publication Date||Jan 19, 2016|
|Publication Date||Jan 19, 2016|
|Deposit Date||Jan 29, 2016|
|Publicly Available Date||Jan 29, 2016|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Intrinsic viscosity;Second virial coefficient; Associative polymers; Amphiphilic polymers; Static light scattering; HEC; hmHEC;|
Aqueous solutions of HEC and hmHEC: effects of molecular mass versus hydrophobic associations on hydrodynamic and thermodynamic parameters
Publisher Licence URL
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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