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All Outputs (31)

Resolving the Decreased Rank Attack in RPL’s IoT Networks (2023)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Ghaleb, B., Al-Duba, A., Hussain, A., Romdhani, I., & Jaroucheh, Z. (2023). Resolving the Decreased Rank Attack in RPL’s IoT Networks. In 2023 19th International Conference on Distributed Computing in Smart Systems and the Internet of Things (DCOSS-Io

The Routing Protocol for Low power and Lossy networks (RPL) has been developed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standardization body to serve as a part of the 6LoWPAN (IPv6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Networks) standard, a core... Read More about Resolving the Decreased Rank Attack in RPL’s IoT Networks.

Crypto Assets Custody: Taxonomy, Components, and Open Challenges (2023)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Jaroucheh, Z., & Ghaleb, B. (2023). Crypto Assets Custody: Taxonomy, Components, and Open Challenges. . https://doi.org/10.1109/icbc56567.2023.10174959

Custody plays a fundamental role for organizations and individuals seeking to access crypto assets (e.g., cryptocurrencies) and decentralized finance (DeFi) applications. Custodians store private keys and approve and sign transactions. Crypto asset t... Read More about Crypto Assets Custody: Taxonomy, Components, and Open Challenges.

Trusted Threat Intelligence Sharing in Practice and Performance Benchmarking through the Hyperledger Fabric Platform (2022)
Journal Article
Ali, H., Ahmad, J., Jaroucheh, Z., Papadopoulos, P., Pitropakis, N., Lo, O., …Buchanan, W. J. (2022). Trusted Threat Intelligence Sharing in Practice and Performance Benchmarking through the Hyperledger Fabric Platform. Entropy, 24(10), Article 1379. ht

Historically, threat information sharing has relied on manual modelling and centralised network systems, which can be inefficient, insecure, and prone to errors. Alternatively, private blockchains are now widely used to address these issues and impro... Read More about Trusted Threat Intelligence Sharing in Practice and Performance Benchmarking through the Hyperledger Fabric Platform.

A Survey on the Integration of Blockchain and IoT: Challenges and Opportunities (2022)
Book Chapter
Abubakar, M., Jaroucheh, Z., Al-Dubai, A., & Liu, X. (2022). A Survey on the Integration of Blockchain and IoT: Challenges and Opportunities. In R. Jiang, A. Bouridane, C. Li, D. Crookes, S. Boussakta, F. Hao, & E. A. Edirisinghe (Eds.), Big Data Pri

Since Satoshi Nakamoto first introduced the blockchain as an open-source project for secure financial transactions, it has attracted the scientific community’s interest, paving the way for addressing problems in domains other than cryptocurrencies, o... Read More about A Survey on the Integration of Blockchain and IoT: Challenges and Opportunities.

A Lightweight and User-centric Two-factor Authentication Mechanism for IoT Based on Blockchain and Smart Contract (2022)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Abubakar, M., Jaroucheh, Z., Al Dubai, A., & Liu, X. (2022). A Lightweight and User-centric Two-factor Authentication Mechanism for IoT Based on Blockchain and Smart Contract. In 2022 2nd International Conference of Smart Systems and Emerging Technologie

Two-factor authentication (2FA) is commonly used in Internet of Things (IoT) authentication to provide multi-layer protection. Tokens, often known as One-Time Passwords (OTP), are used to offer additional information. While this technique provides fl... Read More about A Lightweight and User-centric Two-factor Authentication Mechanism for IoT Based on Blockchain and Smart Contract.

Privacy-preserving and Trusted Threat Intelligence Sharing using Distributed Ledgers (2022)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Ali, H., Papadopoulos, P., Ahmad, J., Pit, N., Jaroucheh, Z., & Buchanan, W. J. (2021, December). Privacy-preserving and Trusted Threat Intelligence Sharing using Distributed Ledgers. Presented at IEEE SINCONF: 14th International Conference on Security of

Threat information sharing is considered as one of the proactive defensive approaches for enhancing the overall security of trusted partners. Trusted partner organizations can provide access to past and current cybersecurity threats for reducing the... Read More about Privacy-preserving and Trusted Threat Intelligence Sharing using Distributed Ledgers.

Blockchain-based Platform for Secure Sharing and Validation of Vaccination Certificates (2022)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Abubakar, M., McCarron, P., Jaroucheh, Z., Al Dubai, A., & Buchanan, B. (2022). Blockchain-based Platform for Secure Sharing and Validation of Vaccination Certificates. In 2021 14th International Conference on Security of Information and Networks (SIN).

The COVID-19 pandemic has recently emerged as a worldwide health emergency that necessitates coordinated international measures. To contain the virus's spread, governments and health organisations raced to develop vaccines that would lower Covid-19 m... Read More about Blockchain-based Platform for Secure Sharing and Validation of Vaccination Certificates.

Using IOTA as an Inter-Vehicular Trust Mechanism in Autonomous Vehicles (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Cutajar, O., Moradpoor, N., & Jaroucheh, Z. (2021). Using IOTA as an Inter-Vehicular Trust Mechanism in Autonomous Vehicles. In 2021 14th International Conference on Security of Information and Networks (SIN). https://doi.org/10.1109/SIN54109.2021.969932

In a perfect world, coordination and cooperation across distributed autonomous systems would be a trivial task. However, incomplete information, malicious actors and real-world conditions can provide challenges which bring the trust-worthiness of par... Read More about Using IOTA as an Inter-Vehicular Trust Mechanism in Autonomous Vehicles.

Blockchain-Based Authentication and Registration Mechanism for SIP-Based VoIP Systems (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Abubakar, M., Jaroucheh, Z., Al Dubai, A., & Buchanan, W. (2021). Blockchain-Based Authentication and Registration Mechanism for SIP-Based VoIP Systems. In 2021 5th Cyber Security in Networking Conference (CSNet). https://doi.org/10.1109/csnet52717.2021.

The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is the principal signalling protocol in Voice over IP (VoIP) systems, responsible for initialising, terminating, and maintaining sessions amongst call parties. However, the problem with the SIP protocol is that i... Read More about Blockchain-Based Authentication and Registration Mechanism for SIP-Based VoIP Systems.

A Decentralised Authentication and Access Control Mechanism for Medical Wearable Sensors Data (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Abubakar, M., Jaroucheh, Z., Al Dubai, A., & Buchanan, W. J. (2021, August). A Decentralised Authentication and Access Control Mechanism for Medical Wearable Sensors Data. Presented at 2021 IEEE International Conference on Omni-Layer Intelligent Systems (

Recent years have seen an increase in medical big data, which can be attributed to a paradigm shift experienced in medical data sharing induced by the growth of medical technology and the Internet of Things. The evidence of this potential has been pr... Read More about A Decentralised Authentication and Access Control Mechanism for Medical Wearable Sensors Data.

Blockchain-based identity and authentication scheme for MQTT protocol (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Abdelrazig Abubakar, M., Jaroucheh, Z., Al-Dubai, A., & Liu, X. (2021). Blockchain-based identity and authentication scheme for MQTT protocol. In ICBCT '21: 2021 The 3rd International Conference on Blockchain Technology (73-81). https://doi.org/10.1145/3

The publish and subscribe messaging model has proven itself as a dominant messaging paradigm for IoT systems. An example of such is the commonly used Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT) protocol. However, the security concerns with this protoc... Read More about Blockchain-based identity and authentication scheme for MQTT protocol.

Secretation: Toward a Decentralised Identity and Verifiable Credentials Based Scalable and Decentralised Secret Management Solution (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Jaroucheh, Z., & Álvarez, I. A. (2021). Secretation: Toward a Decentralised Identity and Verifiable Credentials Based Scalable and Decentralised Secret Management Solution. In 2021 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain and Cryptocurrency (ICBC). h

Secrets such as passwords, encryption keys, and certificates are used to assist in protecting access to resources such as computing devices, customer data and other information. Unauthorised access to resources can cause significant disruption and/or... Read More about Secretation: Toward a Decentralised Identity and Verifiable Credentials Based Scalable and Decentralised Secret Management Solution.

Programming Languages: A Usage-based Statistical Analysis and Visualization (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Orlowska, A., Chrysoulas, C., Jaroucheh, Z., & Liu, X. (2021). Programming Languages: A Usage-based Statistical Analysis and Visualization. In ICISS 2021: 2021 The 4th International Conference on Information Science and Systems (143-148). https://doi.org

Understanding the popularity, and its trend, of programming languages can be important to anticipate which languages are best studied for future use, which are widely supported for use in enterprise projects, and investigate which skills are easiest... Read More about Programming Languages: A Usage-based Statistical Analysis and Visualization.

PoNW: A Secure and Scalable Proof-of-Notarized-Work-Based Consensus Mechanism (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Abubakar, M. A., Jaroucheh, Z., Al-Dubai, A., & Buchanan, B. (2020). PoNW: A Secure and Scalable Proof-of-Notarized-Work-Based Consensus Mechanism. In ICVISP 2020: Proceedings of the 2020 4th International Conference on Vision, Image and Signal Processin

The original consensus algorithm - Proof of Work (PoW) has been widely utilized in the blockchain systems and is been adopted by many cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, among many others. Nevertheless, the concept has received criticisms... Read More about PoNW: A Secure and Scalable Proof-of-Notarized-Work-Based Consensus Mechanism.

The Impact of Mobile DIS and Rank-Decreased Attacks in Internet of Things Networks (2020)
Journal Article
Mitchel, C., Ghaleb, B., Ghaleb, S. M., Jaroucheh, Z., & Al-rimy, B. A. S. (2020). The Impact of Mobile DIS and Rank-Decreased Attacks in Internet of Things Networks. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, 10(2), 66-72. https://doi.

With a predicted 50 billion devices by the end of 2020, the Internet of things has grown exponentially in the last few years. This growth has seen an increasing demand for mobility support in low power and lossy sensor networks, a type of network cha... Read More about The Impact of Mobile DIS and Rank-Decreased Attacks in Internet of Things Networks.

PoNW: A Secure and Scalable Proof-of-Notarized-Work Based Consensus Mechanism (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Abubakar, M., Jaroucheh, Z., Al-Dubai, A., & Buchanan, W. (2020). PoNW: A Secure and Scalable Proof-of-Notarized-Work Based Consensus Mechanism. In ICVISP 2020: Proceedings of the 2020 4th International Conference on Vision, Image and Signal Processing.

The original consensus algorithm-Proof of Work (PoW) has been widely utilized in the blockchain systems and is been adopted by many cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, among many others. Nevertheless, the concept has received criticisms o... Read More about PoNW: A Secure and Scalable Proof-of-Notarized-Work Based Consensus Mechanism.

Trust-based Ecosystem to Combat Fake News (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Jaroucheh, Z., Alissa, M., & Buchanan, W. J. (2020, May). Trust-based Ecosystem to Combat Fake News. Presented at 2020 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain and Cryptocurrency (ICBC), Toronto, ON, Canada

The growing spread of misinformation and dis-information has grave political, social, ethical, and privacy implications for society. Therefore, there is an ethical need to combat the flow of fake news. This paper attempts to resolves some of the aspe... Read More about Trust-based Ecosystem to Combat Fake News.

TRUSTD: Combat Fake Content using Blockchain and Collective Signature Technologies (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Jaroucheh, Z., Alissa, M., Buchanan, W. J., & Liu, X. (2020). TRUSTD: Combat Fake Content using Blockchain and Collective Signature Technologies. In 2020 IEEE 44th Annual Computers, Software, and Applications Conference (COMPSAC 2020) (1215-1220)

The growing trend of sharing news/contents, through social media platforms and the World Wide Web has been seen to impact our perception of the truth, altering our views about politics, economics, relationships, needs and wants. This is because of th... Read More about TRUSTD: Combat Fake Content using Blockchain and Collective Signature Technologies.

SklCoin: Toward a Scalable Proof-of-Stake and Collective Signature Based Consensus Protocol for Strong Consistency in Blockchain (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Jaroucheh, Z., Ghaleb, B., & Buchanan, W. J. (2020). SklCoin: Toward a Scalable Proof-of-Stake and Collective Signature Based Consensus Protocol for Strong Consistency in Blockchain. . https://doi.org/10.1109/icsa-c50368.2020.00034

The proof-of-work consensus protocol suffers from two main limitations: waste of energy and offering only probabilistic guarantees about the status of the blockchain. This paper introduces SklCoin, a new Byzantine consensus protocol and its correspon... Read More about SklCoin: Toward a Scalable Proof-of-Stake and Collective Signature Based Consensus Protocol for Strong Consistency in Blockchain.