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Resolving the Decreased Rank Attack in RPL’s IoT Networks

Ghaleb, Baraq; Al-Duba, Ahmed; Hussain, Amir; Romdhani, Imed; Jaroucheh, Zakwan

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Abstract

The Routing Protocol for Low power and Lossy networks (RPL) has been developed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standardization body to serve as a part of the 6LoWPAN (IPv6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Networks) standard, a core communication technology for the Internet of Things (IoT) networks. RPL organizes its network in the form of a tree-like structure where a node is configured as the root of the tree while others integrate themselves into that structure based on their relative distance from the root. A value called the Rank is used in RPL's networks to define each node's relative position and it is used by other nodes to take their routing decisions. A malicious node can illegitimately claim a closer position to the root by advertising a lower rank value trapping other nodes to forward their traffic through that malicious node. In this study, we show how this behavior can have a detrimental side effect on the network via extensive simulations and propose a new secure objective function to prevent such an attack.

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (Published)
Conference Name 19th Annual International Conference on Distributed Computing in Smart Systems and the Internet of Things (DCOSS-IoT 2023)
Start Date Jun 19, 2023
End Date Jun 21, 2023
Acceptance Date Apr 7, 2023
Online Publication Date Sep 27, 2023
Publication Date 2023
Deposit Date Apr 28, 2023
Publicly Available Date Sep 27, 2023
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages 65-68
Book Title 2023 19th International Conference on Distributed Computing in Smart Systems and the Internet of Things (DCOSS-IoT)
ISBN 979-8-3503-4650-3
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/DCOSS-IoT58021.2023.00018
Keywords Internet of Things (IoT), IoT Security, RPL Standard, Decreased Rank Attack
Publisher URL https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/conhome/1800455/all-proceedings

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Resolving The Decreased Rank Attack In RPL’s IoT Networks (accepted version) (748 Kb)
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