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VANET aided D2D Discovery: Delay Analysis and Performance

Chour, Hussein; Nasser, Youssef; Artail, Hassan; Kachouh, Alaa; Al-Dubai, Ahmed

Authors

Hussein Chour

Youssef Nasser

Hassan Artail

Alaa Kachouh



Abstract

The proposed solutions in the literature for integrating Device-to-Device (D2D) communication in cellular networks require added functionalities and consume valuable network resources, mainly in the discovery process. Unlike existing solutions, this paper mitigates the requirement of additional resources in the LTE-A network. This is achieved by proposing to offload a portion of the discovery traffic and processing of D2D communications that involve vehicular users (drivers and passengers) into Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) by using the inherent knowledge of the Road Side Units (RSUs) about users in their coverage areas. In addition, the paper develops an analytical model to analyze the duration of peer discovery in highway scenarios. The results are validated through simulation experiments using both the Network Simulator NS3 and Matlab. The analytical and numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, and show that a low discovery latency is obtained.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 21, 2017
Online Publication Date Mar 31, 2017
Publication Date Mar 31, 2017
Deposit Date Mar 28, 2017
Publicly Available Date Mar 28, 2017
Journal IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Print ISSN 0018-9545
Electronic ISSN 1939-9359
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 66
Issue 9
Pages 8059-8071
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2017.2690238
Keywords VANET, device-to-device, D2D discovery, offloading, RSU, OBU
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/821591
Contract Date Mar 28, 2017

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Copyright Statement
© © 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works






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