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Viability of cross-laminated timber from UK resources

Crawford, David; Smith, Simon; Hairstans, Robert; Papastavrou, Panayiotis


David Crawford

Simon Smith

Panayiotis Papastavrou


Cross-laminated timber is an innovative engineered timber product that can be used for almost all superstructure elements. It is typically produced from kiln-dried, fast-growing softwood timber. Currently there is no commercial production in the UK and hence the majority of cross-laminated timber used within the UK construction industry is manufactured in central mainland Europe and imported. This paper presents the key factors required for implementing a cross-laminated timber production and construction capability using available UK timber resource, thus offering a sustainable alternative to multi-storey steel and concrete construction. Further to this the structural performance of a cross-laminated timber product manufactured using a home-grown resource is compared with the current product imported from Europe. A series of standard design scenarios for multi-storey residential and education buildings in the UK have been considered and the structural design criteria reviewed for both products.


Crawford, D., Smith, S., Hairstans, R., & Papastavrou, P. (2015). Viability of cross-laminated timber from UK resources. Proceedings of the ICE - Construction Materials, 168(3), 110-120.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 9, 2014
Online Publication Date Sep 1, 2015
Publication Date 2015-06
Deposit Date Aug 8, 2016
Journal Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Construction Materials
Print ISSN 1747-650X
Electronic ISSN 1747-6518
Publisher ICE Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 168
Issue 3
Pages 110-120
Keywords materials technology ; research & development ; timber structures
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