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A Testing Methodology for the Internet of Things Affordable IP Cameras

Dzwigala, Grazyna; Ghaleb, Baraq; Aldhaheri, Talal A.; Wadhaj, Isam; Thomson, Craig; Al-Zidi, Nasser M.


Grazyna Dzwigala

Talal A. Aldhaheri

Nasser M. Al-Zidi


Harish Sharma

Vivek Shrivastava

Kusum Kumari Bharti

Lipo Wang


IP cameras are becoming a cheaper and more convenient option for a lot of households, whether it being for outdoor, indoor security, or as baby or pet monitors. Their security, however, is often lacking, and there is currently no testbed that focuses and evaluates security of the most affordable cameras on the market. The aim in this paper is to propose a methodology to evaluate the security of IP cameras used in households these days. Methodology proposed consists of five phases that evaluate different areas of chosen IP cameras, from default settings, through software and network connections analysis, to web application testing as well as untested firmware. After performing testing on two IP cameras that were taken into account—Wansview Q5 and Tapo C100, it has been concluded that Wansview Q5 is a more secure choice. Main security recommendations based on the results were to allow users to decide on their settings and disable any open ports that are not in use, as well as update the outdated software.

Online Publication Date Aug 19, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Oct 17, 2022
Publisher Springer
Pages 463-479
Series Title Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems
Series Number 461
Series ISSN 2367-3370
ISBN 978-981-19-2129-2
Keywords Cyber security, IP cameras, Pentesting, Internet of Things, IoT attacks
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