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Renewable energy performance of the green buildings: key-enabler on useful consumption yield.

Amran, Mohd Effendi; Muhtazaruddin, Mohd Nabil; Kamaruddin, Samira Albati; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus; Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa; Ayub, Ahmad Syahrir; Bani, Nurul Aini; Saudi, Ahmad Shakir Mohd; Ardila-Rey, Jorge Alfredo


Mohd Effendi Amran

Mohd Nabil Muhtazaruddin

Samira Albati Kamaruddin

Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar

Ahmad Syahrir Ayub

Nurul Aini Bani

Ahmad Shakir Mohd Saudi

Jorge Alfredo Ardila-Rey


Malaysia’s Eleventh Plan started to encourage green building developments and green industries to stimulate green growth. Eventually, the Malaysian government had launched a new commitment to accelerate the green and efficient energy sector and revised the quota of Renewable Energy (RE) towards higher capacity for electricity generation. These scenarios had highlighted the latest commitment of the Malaysian government to implement both green building development and concurrently, streamline the additional quota for RE generation. Due to this, the evolution of the requirement of RE-based Distributed Generation (DG) in the green building development for higher installed-capacity was expected to occur in ensuring the government key achievement becomes more visible. This study focuses on measuring the expanded-capacity performance of the Solar Photovoltaic (PV)-type DG unit (PV-DG) through the Green Building Rating System (GBRS), particularly on the useful energy consumption yield for load and total line loss minimization. Previous work has conducted a MATLAB simulation on a PV-DG capacity expansion guided by the Net Energy Metering (NEM) specification considering the total line loss minimization as the main objective function. These results are being adopted to obtain the ratio of useful energy consumption from the generated PV-DG through the selected distribution network. Consequently, the Performance Ratio (PR) - as the internationally recognized formulation for a complete PV-DG system - is proposed to be revolutionized towards extended version, considering the specific total line losses minimization, via the formed of the proposed ratio.


Amran, M. E., Muhtazaruddin, M. N., Kamaruddin, S. A., Muhammad-Sukki, F., Abu-Bakar, S. H., Ayub, A. S., Bani, N. A., Saudi, A. S. M., & Ardila-Rey, J. A. (2020). Renewable energy performance of the green buildings: key-enabler on useful consumption yield. IEEE Access, 8, 95747-95767.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 11, 2020
Online Publication Date May 22, 2020
Publication Date 2020
Deposit Date Nov 16, 2020
Publicly Available Date Nov 17, 2020
Journal IEEE Access
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Pages 95747-95767
Keywords Green building rating system, Net energy metering, Distributed generation, Performance ratio, Payback period, Green buildings, Air pollution, Government, Buildings, Loss measurement, Minimization
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