Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

High aspect ratio cellulose nanofibrils from macroalgae Laminaria hyperborea cellulose extract via a zero-waste low energy process

Authors

Amaka J. Onyianta

Carmen-Mihaela Popescu



Abstract

Homogeneous high aspect ratio cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) were prepared from Laminaria hyperborea (LH) seaweed cellulose without any initial mechanical, biological or chemical pre-treatments. Fourier-transform infrared spectrophotometry revealed that LH cellulose was of the cellulose Iα allomorph, typical of algal cellulose. Compared with wood derived CNF, significant enhancements in crystallinity, viscoelastic properties, water retention values (WRV) and morphological characteristics were identified with a single pass at 1 wt. % cellulose content through a high-pressure homogeniser. Further mechanical fibrillation did not lead to appreciable improvements in material properties that would justify the added energy consumption, which at a single pass is at least a factor of 10 lower than with wood cellulose processing. Good quality CNFs with little compromise in material properties were also obtainable at 2–3 wt. % cellulose contents as identified from viscoelastic analysis, WRV and morphological analysis. LHCNFs also showed good thermal stability, which in summary presents a multifunctional high value cellulose nanomaterial that can find application in various fields.

Citation

Onyianta, A. J., O’Rourke, D., Sun, D., Popescu, C., & Dorris, M. (2020). High aspect ratio cellulose nanofibrils from macroalgae Laminaria hyperborea cellulose extract via a zero-waste low energy process. Cellulose, 27(14), 7997-8010. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-020-03223-5

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 8, 2020
Online Publication Date Jul 13, 2020
Publication Date 2020-09
Deposit Date Jul 15, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jul 16, 2020
Journal Cellulose
Print ISSN 0969-0239
Electronic ISSN 1572-882X
Publisher BMC
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 27
Issue 14
Pages 7997-8010
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-020-03223-5
Keywords Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs), Algae cellulose, CNF viscoelastic properties, CNF morphological properties, CNF water retention values, CNF aspect ratios
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2667120

Files

High Aspect Ratio Cellulose Nanofibrils From Macroalgae Laminaria Hyperborea Cellulose Extract Via A Zero-waste Low Energy Process (2.2 Mb)
PDF

Publisher Licence URL
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Copyright Statement
Published under a Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY).





You might also like



Downloadable Citations