Nicolas V J Fanget
Starvation/stationary-phase survival of Rhodococcus erythropolis SQ1: a physiological and genetic analysis.
Fanget, Nicolas V J; Foley, Sophie
The adaptation of Rhodocccus erythropolis SQ1 to energy and carbon starvation was investigated in terms of both the capacity to survive starvation and the contribution of a nutrient-induced stationary phase to cross-protection to other types of environmental stress. It was found that R. erythropolis SQ1 survives for at least 43 days in LB and distilled water, and 65 days in chemically defined medium (CDM) containing high (1%) or low (0.1%) glucose. Furthermore, early stationary-phase R. erythropolis SQ1 grown in CDM 0.1% exhibited enhanced resistance to heat and oxidative stress compared with exponential-phase cells. A second objective of this study was to identify genetic elements involved in starvation/stationary-phase survival. A mutant bank of R. erythropolis SQ1 generated by random transposon insertion mutagenesis was screened; four mutants lost culturability when grown in CDM 1%. No drop in culturability was observed when these mutants were grown in CDM 0.1%. The DNA flanking transposon insertion could be recovered from three mutants. Transposon insertions were found in uvrB (UvrB, part of the DNA excision repair mechanism), between a putative guaB gene and another guaB-like gene, and between a gene encoding a putative phosphoglycerate mutase and putative thioredoxin/cytochrome c biogenesis genes. This represents a first study of the starvation/stationary-phase survival response of Rhodococcus, an organism of immense significance in environmental bioremediation and a number of industrial processes.
Fanget, N. V. J., & Foley, S. (2011). Starvation/stationary-phase survival of Rhodococcus erythropolis SQ1: a physiological and genetic analysis. Archives of Microbiology, 193, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00203-010-0638-9
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Deposit Date||Mar 21, 2014|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Actinomycete(s); Stress response; Bioremediation; Biodegradation; Biotechnology;|
You might also like
DNA-Binding Activity of the Streptococcus thermophilus Phage Sfi21 Repressor