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FRCA: A Novel Flexible Routing Computing Approach for Wireless Sensor Networks

Liu, Ping; Wang, Xingfu; Hawbani, Ammar; Busaileh, Omar; Zhao, Liang; Al-Dubai, Ahmed


Ping Liu

Xingfu Wang

Ammar Hawbani

Omar Busaileh

Liang Zhao


In wireless sensor networks, routing protocols with immutable network policies lacking the flexibility are generally incapable of maintaining desired performance due to the complicated and changeable environment situations and application requirements. The proposed “Flexible Routing Computing Approach (FRCA)” is a novel distributed and probabilistic computing approach capable of modifying or upgrading routing policies on the fly with low cost, which effectively enhances the flexibility of routing protocols. FRCA models the routing metric as a forwarding probability distribution for routing decisions. This model depends on three elements, the physical quantities collected at sensor nodes, the built-in base math functions, and the routing parameters. These elements are all user-oriented and can be specified to implement multifarious complicated network policies meeting different performance requirements. More significantly, through distributing routing parameters from the sink to end nodes, operators are allowed to adjust network policies on the fly without the interruption of network services. Through extensive performance evaluation studies and simulations, the results demonstrated that routing protocols designed based on FRCA could achieve better performance compared to its state-of-the-art counterparts regarding network lifetime, energy consumption, and duplicate packets as well as ensure high flexibility during network policies modification or upgrade.


Liu, P., Wang, X., Hawbani, A., Busaileh, O., Zhao, L., & Al-Dubai, A. (2020). FRCA: A Novel Flexible Routing Computing Approach for Wireless Sensor Networks. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 19(11), 2623-2639.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 10, 2019
Online Publication Date Jul 19, 2019
Publication Date Nov 1, 2020
Deposit Date Jul 11, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jul 11, 2019
Journal IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
Print ISSN 1536-1233
Electronic ISSN 1558-0660
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 11
Pages 2623-2639
Keywords wireless sensor networks, probabilistic routing, distributed routing
Public URL


FRCA: A Novel Flexible Routing Computing Approach for Wireless Sensor Networks (1.7 Mb)

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