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Electric Vehicle Ventilation Using Directly Photovoltaic Powered Fans

Muneer, Tariq; Kolhe, Mohan L; Adhikari, Sushovit Kant; Smith, Ian

Authors

Mohan L Kolhe

Sushovit Kant Adhikari

Ian Smith



Abstract

All over the world, transport sector is contributing heavily towards Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. The electric vehicles offers an elegant solution in terms of increasing overall efficiency compared with its fossil-fuel counterpart. Furthermore, if electric vehicles are charged with renewable electricity then GHG reduction is very significant. One of the main draw-back of the electric vehicle though is the sourcing of energy for air-conditioning of its cabin space. In this work, a fully-instrumented Renault Zoe electric car has been used to conduct experiments for parasitic energy consumption. The object has been to evaluate the proportion of the total energy consumption that is used for cabin ventilation. These experiments have been part of a wider project under which Edinburgh Napier University’s Transport Research Institute has operated a fleet of 18 electric vehicles over a two-year period. The object of the present work was to evaluate the performance of electric car ventilation when roof-mounted photovoltaic (PV) modules were used to operate DC power fans. It was found that the selection of fan for extracting the hot air from cabin space is of crucial importance, i.e. fans that matched the PV output under the most commonly occurring solar radiation and ambient temperature conditions have been selected. Experimentally obtained results are presented in detail within the present article.

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (Published)
Conference Name ITEC India/IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference India
Start Date Sep 1, 2015
End Date Sep 1, 2015
Publication Date 2015
Deposit Date Oct 23, 2015
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Hybrid electric vehicles; electric vehicles; electric car ventilation;
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/9209