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A physical activity referral program improves risk factors in those who have completed cardiac rehabilitation.

Hanson, C.; Neubeck, L.; Dodd-Reynolds, C.


C. Dodd-Reynolds


Background: On completion of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), participants may be referred to community-based physical activity programs. There is limited data to determine additional benefits of these programs supplemental to CR.

Methods: Using longitudinal referral data from the 24-week Northumberland Exercise Referral Scheme (2009-2015), we examined uptake, 12-week adherence and 24-week completion. Pre and post-program self-reported physical activity levels, body mass index and waist circumference were explored via repeated measures analyses. Multivariate analysis assessed whether demographic/personal factors predicted uptake and completion.

Results: Of 11,233 referrals made by health care professionals, 830 (7.4%) were CR completers. For this group, uptake was 85.2% (n = 707). Referrals were predominantly male (70.8%). Mean age was 65.2 (SD10.37) years. Of those who started, 77.4% (n = 547) were 12-week adherers and 66.5% (n = 470) were 24-week completers. Physical activity levels increased (baseline = 30.6% active, final = 44.5% active; p < 0.001). There were decreases in body mass index (baseline = 28.2 (SD4.8) kg/m2, final = 27.9 (SD4.5) kg/m2; p < 0.05) and waist circumference (baseline = 100.5 (SD12.8) cm, final = 99.1 (SD12.5) cm; p < 0.001). Using regression minimally increased ability to predict uptake and completion. Being aged 65–74 years was positively associated with uptake (OR 4.030; 95% CI 2.234-7.271; p < 0.001). Being aged 65-74 (OR 2.132; 95% CI 1.268-3.387; p < 0.05) and not smoking (OR 2.801; 95% CI 1.073-7.271; p < 0.05) were positively associated with completion, while being female (OR 0.663; 95% CI 0.461-0.953; p < 0.05) was negatively associated.

Conclusion: A community-based activity program led to significant positive changes in cardiovascular risk factors beyond those achieved on CR completion. Research is required to better understand influences on uptake and adherence.

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (published)
Conference Name 65th Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand Annual Scientific Meeting
Start Date Aug 10, 2017
End Date Aug 13, 2017
Acceptance Date May 17, 2017
Online Publication Date Aug 14, 2017
Publication Date 2017
Deposit Date Mar 21, 2018
Journal Heart, Lung and Circulation
Print ISSN 1443-9506
Electronic ISSN 1444-2892
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 26
Issue Supplement 2
Pages S342-S343
Keywords Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine, Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine,
Public URL