Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Outputs (32)

Strategic Design and Delivery of Integrated Catchment Restoration Monitoring: Emerging Lessons from a 12-Year Study in the UK (2022)
Journal Article
Spray, C., Black, A., Bradley, D., Bromley, C., Caithness, F., Dodd, J., Hunt, J., MacDonald, A., Martinez Romero, R., McDermott, T., Moir, H., Quinn, L., Reid, H., & Robertson, H. (2022). Strategic Design and Delivery of Integrated Catchment Restoration Monitoring: Emerging Lessons from a 12-Year Study in the UK. Water, 14(15), Article 2305. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152305

Despite growing interest in river and catchment restoration, including a focus on nature-based solutions, assessing effectiveness of restoration programmes continues to prove a challenge. The development of the Eddleston Water project, the Scottish G... Read More about Strategic Design and Delivery of Integrated Catchment Restoration Monitoring: Emerging Lessons from a 12-Year Study in the UK.

Invasiveness risks of naked goby, Gobiosoma bosc, to North Sea transitional waters (2022)
Journal Article
Dodd, J. A., Copp, G. H., Tidbury, H. J., Leuven, R. S., Feunteun, E., Olsson, K. H., Gollasch, S., Jelmert, A., O'Shaughnessy, K. A., Reeves, D., Brenner, J., & Verreycken, H. (2022). Invasiveness risks of naked goby, Gobiosoma bosc, to North Sea transitional waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 181, Article 113763. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.113763

In recent decades, gobies have dispersed or introduced from the Ponto-Caspian region of eastern Europe in a westerly direction to North American and western European waters. By contrast, the naked goby, Gobiosoma bosc, is the only known gobiid specie... Read More about Invasiveness risks of naked goby, Gobiosoma bosc, to North Sea transitional waters.

Effects of pile driving sound playbacks and cadmium co-exposure on the early life stage development of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus (2022)
Journal Article
Stenton, C., Bolger, E., Michenot, M., Dodd, J., Wale, M., Briers, R., Hartl, M., & Diele, K. (2022). Effects of pile driving sound playbacks and cadmium co-exposure on the early life stage development of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 179, Article 113667. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.113667

There is an urgent need to understand how organisms respond to multiple, potentially interacting drivers in today’s world. The effects of the pollutants of anthropogenic sound (pile-driving sound playbacks) and waterborne cadmium were investigated ac... Read More about Effects of pile driving sound playbacks and cadmium co-exposure on the early life stage development of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus.

The Impact Of Shadow Flicker Or Pulsating Shadow Effect, Caused By Wind Turbine Blades, On Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar): Research Summary (2021)
Report
Dodd, J. A., & Briers, R. A. (2021). The Impact Of Shadow Flicker Or Pulsating Shadow Effect, Caused By Wind Turbine Blades, On Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar): Research Summary. Scotland’s Centre of Expertise for Waters (CREW)

As the need for onshore wind energy expands, such climate adaptation measures may have unintended and potentially significant influences on how fish respond when situated next to rivers or streams. The aim of this project was to examine evidence of p... Read More about The Impact Of Shadow Flicker Or Pulsating Shadow Effect, Caused By Wind Turbine Blades, On Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar): Research Summary.

A comparison of trends in population size and life history features of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and anadromous and non-anadromous Brown trout (Salmo trutta) in a single catchment over 116 years (2021)
Journal Article
Adams, C. E., Honkanen, H. M., Bryson, E., Moore, I. E., MacCormick, M., & Dodd, J. A. (2022). A comparison of trends in population size and life history features of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and anadromous and non-anadromous Brown trout (Salmo trutta) in a single catchment over 116 years. Hydrobiologia, 849, 945-965. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-021-04751-2

We use a long time series of catch abundance from a recreational fishery over 116 years to look for population trends in Atlantic salmon, and anadromous (sea trout) and non-anadromous (brown) trout for a single catchment, Loch Lomond, west central Sc... Read More about A comparison of trends in population size and life history features of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and anadromous and non-anadromous Brown trout (Salmo trutta) in a single catchment over 116 years.

Best Practices for Monitoring and Assessing the Ecological Response to River Restoration (2021)
Journal Article
England, J., Angelopoulos, N., Cooksley, S., Dodd, J., Gill, A., Gilvear, D., Johnson, M., Naura, M., O’Hare, M., Tree, A., Wheeldon, J., & Wilkes, M. A. (2021). Best Practices for Monitoring and Assessing the Ecological Response to River Restoration. Water, 13(23), Article 3352. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233352

Nature-based solutions are widely advocated for freshwater ecosystem conservation and restoration. As increasing amounts of river restoration are undertaken, the need to understand the ecological response to different measures and where measures are... Read More about Best Practices for Monitoring and Assessing the Ecological Response to River Restoration.

CD34+ progenitors are predictive of mortality and are associated with physical activity in cardiovascular disease patients (2021)
Journal Article
Muggeridge, D., Dodd, J., & Ross, M. D. (2021). CD34+ progenitors are predictive of mortality and are associated with physical activity in cardiovascular disease patients. Atherosclerosis, 333, 108-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2021.07.004

Background and aims Circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) play an important role in vascular repair and can influence cardiovascular (CV) health and longevity. Exercise is known to modulate these cells via mobilization from the bone marrow. The primar... Read More about CD34+ progenitors are predictive of mortality and are associated with physical activity in cardiovascular disease patients.

Allelic losses and gains during translocations of a high conservation value fish, Coregonus lavaretus (2021)
Journal Article
Præbel, K., Bean, C. W., Dodd, J. A., Etheridge, E. C., Gowans, A. R., Knudsen, R., Lyle, A. A., Maitland, P. S., Winfield, I. J., & Adams, C. E. (2021). Allelic losses and gains during translocations of a high conservation value fish, Coregonus lavaretus. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 31(9), 2575-2585. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.3623

The use of translocations to establish new or ‘refuge’ populations for species with high conservation value is controversial but widely used in conservation management. One of the risks of this approach is that an establishing population does not... Read More about Allelic losses and gains during translocations of a high conservation value fish, Coregonus lavaretus.

Training future generations to deliver evidence‐based conservation and ecosystem management (2021)
Journal Article
Downey, H., Amano, T., Cadotte, M., Cook, C. N., Cooke, S. J., Haddaway, N. R., Jones, J. P. G., Littlewood, N., Walsh, J. C., Abrahams, M. I., Adum, G., Akasaka, M., Alves, J. A., Antwis, R. E., Arellano, E. C., Axmacher, J., Barclay, H., Batty, L., Benítez‐López, A., Bennett, J. R., …Sutherland, W. J. (2021). Training future generations to deliver evidence‐based conservation and ecosystem management. Ecological Solutions and Evidence, 2(1), Article e12032. https://doi.org/10.1002/2688-8319.12032

1. To be effective, the next generation of conservation practitioners and managers need to be critical thinkers with a deep understanding of how to make evidence-based decisions and of the value of evidence synthesis. 2. If, as educators, we do no... Read More about Training future generations to deliver evidence‐based conservation and ecosystem management.

First genetic evidence that invasive bullhead (Cottus L. 1758) in Scotland is of English origin and the difficulty of resolving the European Cottus species taxonomy (2020)
Journal Article
McLeish, J., Briers, R., Dodd, J., & Rueckert, S. (2020). First genetic evidence that invasive bullhead (Cottus L. 1758) in Scotland is of English origin and the difficulty of resolving the European Cottus species taxonomy. Journal of Fish Biology, 96(3), 617-630. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.14247

The European bullhead (Cottus gobio) is widely distributed across Europe and within the UK is native to England and Wales, where it is protected under the Habitats Directive. In Scotland, however, the species is considered invasive and thriving popul... Read More about First genetic evidence that invasive bullhead (Cottus L. 1758) in Scotland is of English origin and the difficulty of resolving the European Cottus species taxonomy.

At what spatial scale should risk screenings of translocated freshwater fishes be undertaken – river basin district or climo-geographic designation? (2018)
Journal Article
Dodd, J., Vilizzi, L., Bean, C., Davison, P. I., & Copp, G. H. (2019). At what spatial scale should risk screenings of translocated freshwater fishes be undertaken – river basin district or climo-geographic designation?. Biological Conservation, 230, 122-130

To inform aquatic conservation policy and management decisions, translocated freshwater fish species, i.e. those native to part but not all of Great Britain (GB), were assessed with the Aquatic Species Invasiveness Screening Kit (AS-ISK) at two spa... Read More about At what spatial scale should risk screenings of translocated freshwater fishes be undertaken – river basin district or climo-geographic designation?.

Life stage-specific, stochastic environmental effects overlay density dependence in an Atlantic salmon population (2018)
Journal Article
Honkanen, H. M., Boylan, P., Dodd, J. A., & Adams, C. E. (2019). Life stage-specific, stochastic environmental effects overlay density dependence in an Atlantic salmon population. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 28(1), 156-166. https://doi.org/10.1111/eff.12439

Atlantic salmon populations appear to fluctuate stochastically through time. It is suspected that both density‐dependent and density‐independent factors cause these fluctuations but the relative importance of each, and the life stages at which they o... Read More about Life stage-specific, stochastic environmental effects overlay density dependence in an Atlantic salmon population.

A test of the cumulative effect of river weirs on downstream migration success, speed and mortality of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts: An empirical study (2018)
Journal Article
Newton, M., Barry, J., Dodd, J. A., Lucas, M. C., Boylan, P., & Adams, C. E. (2019). A test of the cumulative effect of river weirs on downstream migration success, speed and mortality of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts: An empirical study. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 28(1), 176-186. https://doi.org/10.1111/eff.12441

This study investigated the cumulative impact of weirs on the downstream migration of wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts in the River Foyle, Northern Ireland. In spring of 2013 fish were released in two tributaries of similar length; one tribu... Read More about A test of the cumulative effect of river weirs on downstream migration success, speed and mortality of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts: An empirical study.

The influence of aquaculture unit proximity on the pattern of Lepeophtheirus salmonis infection of anadromous Salmo trutta populations on the isle of Skye, Scotland (2018)
Journal Article
Moore, I., Dodd, J. A., Newton, M., Bean, C. W., Lindsay, I., Jarosz, P., & Adams, C. E. (2018). The influence of aquaculture unit proximity on the pattern of Lepeophtheirus salmonis infection of anadromous Salmo trutta populations on the isle of Skye, Scotland. Journal of Fish Biology, 92(6), 1849-1865. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.13625

A total of 230 anadromous Salmo trutta (brown trout) were sampled in five sheltered coastal fjords (or sea lochs) on the Isle of Skye, Scotland, U.K., in 2016 at varying distances from active Atlantic salmon Salmo salar farms. Statistical models were... Read More about The influence of aquaculture unit proximity on the pattern of Lepeophtheirus salmonis infection of anadromous Salmo trutta populations on the isle of Skye, Scotland.

The impact of a small-scale riverine obstacle on the upstream migration of Atlantic Salmon (2017)
Journal Article
Newton, M., Dodd, J. A., Barry, J., Boylan, P., & Adams, C. E. (2018). The impact of a small-scale riverine obstacle on the upstream migration of Atlantic Salmon. Hydrobiologia, 806(1), 251-264. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-017-3364-3

The behaviour of returning Salmo salar (Linnaeus, 1758) approaching, and attempting to pass low-head weirs remains relatively unknown. A radio telemetry array was created at a low-head weir to enable the behaviour of S. salar (n = 120) to be observed... Read More about The impact of a small-scale riverine obstacle on the upstream migration of Atlantic Salmon.

Density- and species-dependent errors in single-pass timed electrofishing assessment of riverine salmonids (2017)
Journal Article
Honkanen, H. M., Dodd, J. A., Fordyce, J. R., Boylan, P., & Adams, C. E. (2018). Density- and species-dependent errors in single-pass timed electrofishing assessment of riverine salmonids. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 27(1), 98-102. https://doi.org/10.1111/eff.12327

Electrofishing techniques are widely used for the estimation of the size of stream‐dwelling fish populations for both fishery management and scientific study. In contrast to multiple pass, population depletion methods, single‐pass catch‐per‐unit‐effo... Read More about Density- and species-dependent errors in single-pass timed electrofishing assessment of riverine salmonids.

The effect of foraging and ontogeny on the prevalence and intensity of the invasive parasite Anguillicola crassus in the European eel Anguilla anguilla (2017)
Journal Article
Barry, J., Newton, M., Dodd, J. A., Evans, D., Newton, J., & Adams, C. E. (2017). The effect of foraging and ontogeny on the prevalence and intensity of the invasive parasite Anguillicola crassus in the European eel Anguilla anguilla. Journal of Fish Diseases, 40(9), 1213-1222. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfd.12596

Infection patterns of the invasive Anguillicola crassus nematode were investigated in a population of the European eel Anguilla anguilla where parasite invasion is very recent, Loch Lomond, Scotland. Intensity levels of the parasite were associated w... Read More about The effect of foraging and ontogeny on the prevalence and intensity of the invasive parasite Anguillicola crassus in the European eel Anguilla anguilla.

Invader Relative Impact Potential: a new metric to understand and predict the ecological impacts of existing, emerging and future invasive alien species (2017)
Journal Article
Dick, J. T., Laverty, C., Lennon, J. J., Barrios-O'Neill, D., Mensink, P. J., Robert Britton, J., Médoc, V., Boets, P., Alexander, M. E., Taylor, N. G., Dunn, A. M., Hatcher, M. J., Rosewarne, P. J., Crookes, S., MacIsaac, H. J., Xu, M., Ricciardi, A., Wasserman, R. J., Ellender, B. R., Weyl, O. L., …Caffrey, J. M. (2017). Invader Relative Impact Potential: a new metric to understand and predict the ecological impacts of existing, emerging and future invasive alien species. Journal of Applied Ecology, 54(4), 1259-1267. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12849

Predictions of the identities and ecological impacts of invasive alien species are critical for risk assessment, but presently we lack universal and standardized metrics that reliably predict the likelihood and degree of impact of such invaders (i.... Read More about Invader Relative Impact Potential: a new metric to understand and predict the ecological impacts of existing, emerging and future invasive alien species.

Does size matter? A test of size‐specific mortality in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar smolts tagged with acoustic transmitters (2016)
Journal Article
Newton, M., Barry, J., Dodd, J. A., Lucas, M. C., Boylan, P., & Adams, C. E. (2016). Does size matter? A test of size‐specific mortality in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar smolts tagged with acoustic transmitters. Journal of Fish Biology, 89(3), 1641-1650. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.13066

Mortality rates of wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar smolts implanted with acoustic transmitters were assessed to determine if mortality was size dependent. The routinely accepted, but widely debated, ‘2% transmitter mass: body mass’ rule in bioteleme... Read More about Does size matter? A test of size‐specific mortality in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar smolts tagged with acoustic transmitters.

Lake bathymetry and species occurrence predict the distribution of a lacustrine apex predator (2016)
Journal Article
Hughes, M. R., Dodd, J. A., Maitland, P. S., & Adams, C. E. (2016). Lake bathymetry and species occurrence predict the distribution of a lacustrine apex predator. Journal of Fish Biology, 88(4), 1648-1654. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12919

This study examined the abiotic and biotic characteristics of ecosystems that allow expression of a life history called ferox trout, the colloquial name given to brown trout Salmo trutta adopting a piscivorous life history strategy, an apex predator... Read More about Lake bathymetry and species occurrence predict the distribution of a lacustrine apex predator.

Inter and intra-population phenotypic and genotypic structuring in the European whitefish Coregonus lavaretus, a rare freshwater fish in Scotland (2016)
Journal Article
Adams, C. E., Bean, C. W., Dodd, J. A., Down, A., Etheridge, E. C., Gowans, A. R. D., Hooker, O., Knudsen, R., Lyle, A. A., Winfield, I. J., & Praebel, K. (2016). Inter and intra-population phenotypic and genotypic structuring in the European whitefish Coregonus lavaretus, a rare freshwater fish in Scotland. Journal of Fish Biology, 88(2), 580-594. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12855

This study revealed between‐lake genetic structuring between Coregonus lavaretus collected from the only two native populations of this species in Scotland, U.K. (Lochs Eck and Lomond) evidenced by the existence of private alleles (12 in Lomond and f... Read More about Inter and intra-population phenotypic and genotypic structuring in the European whitefish Coregonus lavaretus, a rare freshwater fish in Scotland.

Freshwater and coastal migration patterns in the silver-stage eel Anguilla anguilla (2015)
Journal Article
Barry, J., Newton, M., Dodd, J. A., Lucas, M. C., Boylan, P., & Adams, C. E. (2016). Freshwater and coastal migration patterns in the silver-stage eel Anguilla anguilla. Journal of Fish Biology, 88(2), 676-689. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12865

The unimpeded downstream movement patterns and migration success of small female and male Anguilla anguilla through a catchment in north‐west Europe were studied using an acoustic hydrophone array along the River Finn and into the Foyle Estuary in Ir... Read More about Freshwater and coastal migration patterns in the silver-stage eel Anguilla anguilla.

Resource availability and life-history origin affect competitive behavior in territorial disputes (2015)
Journal Article
Van Leeuwen, T. E., Hughes, M. R., Dodd, J. A., Adams, C. E., & Metcalfe, N. B. (2016). Resource availability and life-history origin affect competitive behavior in territorial disputes. Behavioral Ecology, 27(2), 385-392. https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arv163

Partial migration, in which some individuals of a population migrate and others remain sedentary, is a phenomenon that occurs across a wide range of taxa, but the factors that predispose particular individuals to one or the other strategy are usually... Read More about Resource availability and life-history origin affect competitive behavior in territorial disputes.

Foraging specialisms influence space use and movement patterns of the European eel Anguilla anguilla (2015)
Journal Article
Barry, J., Newton, M., Dodd, J. A., Hooker, O. E., Boylan, P., Lucas, M. C., & Adams, C. E. (2016). Foraging specialisms influence space use and movement patterns of the European eel Anguilla anguilla. Hydrobiologia, 766(1), 333-348. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-015-2466-z

A fixed receiver array was used to examine the movement patterns and space use of the European eel Anguilla anguilla in an oligotrophic Irish lake between July and September. We assessed home range size, temporal change in spatial behaviour and activ... Read More about Foraging specialisms influence space use and movement patterns of the European eel Anguilla anguilla.

Local scale, coastal currents influence recruitment to freshwater populations in the European eel Anguilla anguilla: a case study from the Isle of Man (2015)
Journal Article
Barry, J., Mcharg, K., Dodd, J. A., & Adams, C. E. (2015). Local scale, coastal currents influence recruitment to freshwater populations in the European eel Anguilla anguilla: a case study from the Isle of Man. Journal of Fish Biology, 86(6), 1873-1880. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12697

This study examines juvenile Anguilla anguilla (< 30 cm) abundance in five study catchments on the Isle of Man. Preliminary results suggest that juvenile abundance is negatively correlated with increasing coastal current speed at river mouth entry (P... Read More about Local scale, coastal currents influence recruitment to freshwater populations in the European eel Anguilla anguilla: a case study from the Isle of Man.

Predicting the ecological impacts of a new freshwater invader: functional responses and prey selectivity of the ‘killer shrimp’, Dikerogammarus villosus, compared to the native Gammarus pulex (2013)
Journal Article
Dodd, J. A., Dick, J. T. A., Alexander, M. E., MacNeil, C., Dunn, A. M., & Aldridge, D. C. (2014). Predicting the ecological impacts of a new freshwater invader: functional responses and prey selectivity of the ‘killer shrimp’, Dikerogammarus villosus, compared to the native Gammarus pulex. Freshwater Biology, 59(2), 337-352. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.12268

The ability to predict the likely ecological impacts of invasive species in fresh waters is a pressing research requirement. Whilst comparisons of species traits and considerations of invasion history have some efficacy in this respect, we require ro... Read More about Predicting the ecological impacts of a new freshwater invader: functional responses and prey selectivity of the ‘killer shrimp’, Dikerogammarus villosus, compared to the native Gammarus pulex.

Predators vs. alien: differential biotic resistance to an invasive species by two resident predators (2013)
Journal Article
MacNeil, C., Dick, J., Alexander, M., Dodd, J., & Ricciardi, A. (2013). Predators vs. alien: differential biotic resistance to an invasive species by two resident predators. NeoBiota, 19, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.19.4839

The success of invading species can be restricted by interspecific interactions such as competition and predation (i.e. biotic resistance) from resident species, which may be natives or previous invaders. Whilst there are myriad examples of resident... Read More about Predators vs. alien: differential biotic resistance to an invasive species by two resident predators.

Differential leaf-litter processing by native (Gammarus pulex) and invasive (Dikerogammarus villosus) freshwater crustaceans under environmental extremes (2013)
Journal Article
Truhlar, A. M., Dodd, J. A., & Aldridge, D. C. (2014). Differential leaf-litter processing by native (Gammarus pulex) and invasive (Dikerogammarus villosus) freshwater crustaceans under environmental extremes. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 24(1), 56-65. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2375

There is increasing interest in understanding the implications of biological invasions within the context of ecosystem functioning. Non‐native crustaceans are of particular interest within fresh waters because of their important contributions to leaf... Read More about Differential leaf-litter processing by native (Gammarus pulex) and invasive (Dikerogammarus villosus) freshwater crustaceans under environmental extremes.

Short range dispersal by a rare, obligate freshwater crustacean Triops cancriformis (Bosc) (2013)
Journal Article
Adams, C., Griffin, L., Benzies, E., Aherne, D., Bean, C., Dodd, J., Fairlamb, D., & Maitland, P. (2014). Short range dispersal by a rare, obligate freshwater crustacean Triops cancriformis (Bosc). Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 24(1), 48-55. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2367

Ephemeral freshwater ponds are highly discrete, limiting dispersal for obligate freshwater species and creating disjunct distributions. The rare, freshwater, ephemeral pond dwelling, brachiopod crustacean, Triops cancriformis (Bosc) exhibits a hig... Read More about Short range dispersal by a rare, obligate freshwater crustacean Triops cancriformis (Bosc).

Is proximity to the North Atlantic Drift and the Continental Shelf Current sustaining freshwater European eel populations in western Scotland? (2012)
Journal Article
Adams, C. E., Godfrey, J. D., Dodd, J. A., & Maitland, P. S. (2013). Is proximity to the North Atlantic Drift and the Continental Shelf Current sustaining freshwater European eel populations in western Scotland?. Freshwater Biology, 58(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.12021

We report on freshwater resident eel numbers in western Scotland based on two time series of data, independent of each other, spanning 28 years and that do not rely upon fisheries information. Data from eel captures on trash screens of a pumping s... Read More about Is proximity to the North Atlantic Drift and the Continental Shelf Current sustaining freshwater European eel populations in western Scotland?.