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Road-user charging and the modelling of revenue allocation.




The objective of this paper is to investigate the potential impacts of implementing variable congestion charging on the peak spreading of departure time choices, taking into account levels of scheduling flexibility of individuals. In particular, this study addresses non-work activities as well as socio-economic characteristics and their influence on scheduling flexibility for work trips. Departure time choice models were calibrated using data collected as part of a larger survey on the consequences of congestion charging on travel choices in the city of Edinburgh. The inclusion of variables related to work and non-work scheduling, as well as socio-economic variables have improved the performance of the models. This suggests that non-work activities, as well as work schedule flexibility have an impact on departure time choice for the journey to work. This means that even for those with flexible work schedules, but with other non-work commitments, the timing of their work trip may not be so flexible. Therefore, for the success of variable congestion charging schemes, other complimentary measures should be introduced in parallel. These include, for example, child care provision at work, opening hours of shops and leisure facilities.


Farrell, S., & Saleh, W. (2005). Road-user charging and the modelling of revenue allocation. Transport Policy, 12(5), 431-442.

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Oct 26, 2005
Publication Date 2005-09
Deposit Date Apr 27, 2017
Journal Transport Policy
Print ISSN 0967-070X
Electronic ISSN 1879-310X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 5
Pages 431-442
Keywords Geography, Planning and Development, Law, Public Transportation,
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