Amartya Sen’s capability approach characterizes an individual’s well-being in terms of what they are able to be, and what they are able to do. This framework for thinking has many commonalities with the core ideas in career guidance. Sen’s approach is abstract and not in itself a complete or explanatory theory, but a case can be made that the capability approach has something to offer career theory when combined with a life-career developmental approach. It may also suggest ways of working that are consistent with educational (human capital) approaches to development in emerging economies.
Robertson, P. J. (2015). Towards a capability approach to careers: Applying Amartya Sen's thinking. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 15(1), 75-88. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10775-014-9280-4