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Novel Category Discovery without Forgetting for Automatic Target Recognition

Huang, Heqing; Gao, Fei; Sun, Jinping; Wang, Jun; Hussain, Amir; Zhou, Huiyu


Heqing Huang

Fei Gao

Jinping Sun

Jun Wang

Huiyu Zhou


We explore a cutting-edge concept known as C lass Incremental Learning in N ovel Category Discovery for Synthetic Aperture Radar T argets (CNT). This innovative task involves the challenge of identifying categories within unlabeled datasets by utilizing a provided labeled dataset as reference. In contrast to conventional category discover approaches, our method introduces novel categories without relying on old labeled classes and effectively mitigates the issue of catastrophic forgetting. Specifically, to reduce the bias of the established categories towards unknown ones, CNT extracts representational information via self-supervised learning, gleaned directly from the SAR data itself to facilitate generalization. To retain the model's competence in classifying previously acquired knowledge, we employ a dual strategy incorporating the rehearsal of base category feature prototypes and the application of knowledge distillation. Our methodology integrates multi-view and pseudo-labeling strategies. Additionally, we introduce a novel approach that focuses on enhancing the discernibility of class spaces. This strategy primarily ensures distinct separation of the unlabeled classes from base class prototypes, and imposes stringent constraints on the internal relationships among individual samples and their corresponding perspectives. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study on category discovery in the class incremental learning scenario. The experimental results show that our method significantly improves the performance on SAR images compared to the previous optimal method, which indicates the effectiveness of our method.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 21, 2024
Online Publication Date Jan 25, 2024
Publication Date 2024
Deposit Date Jan 29, 2024
Publicly Available Date Jan 29, 2024
Journal IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Print ISSN 1939-1404
Electronic ISSN 2151-1535
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 17
Pages 4408-4420
Keywords Automatic target recognition, class incremental learning (CIL), novel category discovery, synthetic aperture radar (SAR)
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