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Italy: Post-1990 Policies and Trends at Europe's Southern Border

Paynter, Eleanor; Soliman, Francesca


Eleanor Paynter


Ana Vila-Freyer

Ibrahim Sirkeci


This chapter focuses on how Italy’s position as a key port of entry for migrants reaching Europe has influenced shifts in trends and policy, including external border governance, as well as asylum protocols and reception and detention policies. We situate Italy in the post-1985 Schengen context, as Italy has negotiated its position at the EU’s southern borders, in relation to “Fortress Europe.” These years mark Italy’s shift from a country of emigration to an immigrant destination, and post-1989 policy in the country can be understood as an ongoing attempt to respond to and regulate this change.

Online Publication Date Oct 20, 2023
Publication Date 2023
Deposit Date Oct 27, 2023
Pages 161-176
Series Title Migration Series
Series Number 45
Book Title Global Atlas of Refugees and Asylum Seekers
ISBN 978-1-80135-233-8
Keywords Italy, asylum, refugees, migration policy, Mediterranean
Publisher URL