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Performance Studies of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with Different Flow Field Designs – Review

Marappan, Muthukumar; Palaniswamy, Karthikeyan; Velumani, Thiagarajan; Chul, Kim Byung; Velayutham, Rajavel; Shivakumar, Praveenkumar; Sundaram, Senthilarasu

Authors

Muthukumar Marappan

Karthikeyan Palaniswamy

Thiagarajan Velumani

Kim Byung Chul

Rajavel Velayutham

Praveenkumar Shivakumar



Abstract

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) is majorly used for power generation without producing any emission. In PEMFC, the water generated in the cathode heavily affects the performance of fuel cell which needs better water management. The flow channel designs, dimensions, shape and size of the rib/channel, effective area of the flow channel and material properties are considered for better water management and performance enhancement of the PEMFC in addition to the inlet reactant's mass flow rate, flow directions, relative humidity, pressure and temperature. With the purpose of increasing the output energy of the fuel cell, many flow field designs are being developed continuously. In this paper, the performance of various conventional, modified, hybrid and new flow field designs of the PEMFC is studied in detail. Further the effects of channel tapering, channel bending, landing to channels width ratios, channel cross-sections and insertion of baffles/blockages/pin-fins/inserts are reviewed. The power density of the flow field designs, the physical parameters like active area, dimensions of channel/rib, number of channels; and the operating parameters like temperature and pressure are also tabulated.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 13, 2021
Online Publication Date Feb 5, 2021
Publication Date 2021-04
Deposit Date Mar 12, 2023
Publicly Available Date Mar 13, 2023
Journal The Chemical Record
Print ISSN 1527-8999
Publisher Chemical Society of Japan
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 21
Issue 4
Pages 663-714
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.202000138
Keywords channel design, flow field, fuel cells, PEMFC, water management

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