Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Conjugate refractive–reflective homogeniser in a 500x Cassegrain concentrator: design and limits

Shanks, Katie; Baig, Hasan; Senthilarasu, Sundaram; Reddy, K.S.; Mallick, Tapas K.


Katie Shanks

Hasan Baig

K.S. Reddy

Tapas K. Mallick


In this study, we present the conjugate refractive reflective homogeniser (CRRH) to be used in a 500× Cassegrain photovoltaic concentrator. The CRRH is a dielectric crossed v-trough lined with a reflective film whilst maintaining an air gap between them. This air gap between the two surfaces helps in trapping the scattered light from the refractive geometry and ensures both total internal reflection and standard reflection of the escaped rays. A 10–42% drop in optical efficiency has been shown to occur due to varying the surface roughness of the homogeniser in these ray trace simulations for the Cassegrain setup. The CRRH increased the overall optical efficiency by a maximum of 7.75% in comparison with that of a standard refractive homogeniser simulated within the same concentrator system. The acceptance angle and flux distribution of these homogenisers was also investigated. The simple shape of the CRRH ensures easy manufacturing and produces a relatively uniform irradiance distribution on the receiver. The theoretical benefit of the CRRH is also validated via practical measurements. Further research is required but a 6.7% power increase was measured under a 1000 W/m2 solar simulator at normal incidence for the experimental test.


Shanks, K., Baig, H., Senthilarasu, S., Reddy, K., & Mallick, T. K. (2016). Conjugate refractive–reflective homogeniser in a 500x Cassegrain concentrator: design and limits. IET Renewable Power Generation, 10(4), 440-447.

Journal Article Type Article
Conference Name 11th Photovoltaic Science, Application and Technology Conference (PVSAT-11)
Acceptance Date Nov 20, 2015
Online Publication Date Apr 1, 2016
Publication Date Apr 1, 2016
Deposit Date Mar 14, 2023
Publicly Available Date Mar 15, 2023
Publisher Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 4
Pages 440-447
Keywords photovoltaic power systems, surface roughness, conjugate refractive-reflective homogeniser, Cassegrain photovoltaic concentrator, reflective film, refractive geometry, internal reflection, standard reflection, surface roughness, ray trace simulations, sta


You might also like

Downloadable Citations