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Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms, Frailty and Quality of Life in Atrial Fibrillation

Lomper, Katarzyna; Ross, Catherine; Uchmanowicz, Izabella

Authors

Katarzyna Lomper

Izabella Uchmanowicz



Abstract

Introduction: Symptoms of atrial fibrillation (AF) can significantly affect functioning in daily life and reduce patients’ quality of life (QoL). The severity and type of AF symptoms affects not only patient’s QoL, but can be a cause of the development of emotional and psychological disorders. In addition, frailty syndrome (FS) plays important role from the point of view of developing disability and dependence on others, as well as reducing QoL. Aim: To assess the symptoms of anxiety and depression, to evaluate the co-occurrence of frailty syndrome and the impact of these factors on the quality of life of patients with AF. Methods: The study used a Polish adaptation of the Arrhythmia-Specific questionnaire in Tachycardia and Arrhythmia part III (ASTA part III), the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) and the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS). Results: Analysis showed that anxiety symptoms and depressive symptoms correlate significantly (p < 0.05) and positively with the physical (r = 0.24; p < 0.001, r = 0.29, p = 0.002, respectively), psychological (r = 0.34, p < 0.001, r = 0.49 p < 0.001, respectively) and total quality of life (r = 0.31, p = 0.001, r = 0.414; p < 0.001, respectively) ASTA III domains. A significant (p < 0.05) positive correlation was observed between the TFI total score and the physical (r = 0.34, p < 0.001), psychological (r = 0.36, p < 0.001) and overall quality of life (r = 0.38, p < 0.001) in ASTA III domains. Conclusions: Both FS and depressive and anxiety symptoms significantly affect QoL. Understanding the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms, FS and QoL may allow for a more targeted approach to the treatment and care of patients with AF.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 4, 2023
Online Publication Date Jan 6, 2023
Publication Date 2023
Deposit Date Feb 8, 2023
Publicly Available Date Feb 8, 2023
Journal International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 20
Issue 2
Article Number 1066
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20021066
Keywords atrial fibrillation, frailty syndrome, quality of life, anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms

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