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Use Of Smartphones for Ensuring Vulnerable Road User Safety through Path Prediction and Early Warning: An In-Depth Review of Capabilities, Limitations and Their Applications in Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems

Vourgidis, Ioannis; Maglaras, Leandros; Alfakeeh, Ahmed S.; Al-Bayatti, Ali H.; Ferrag, Mohamed Amine

Authors

Ioannis Vourgidis

Ahmed S. Alfakeeh

Ali H. Al-Bayatti

Mohamed Amine Ferrag



Abstract

The field of cooperative intelligent transport systems and more specifically pedestrians to vehicles could be characterized as quite challenging, since there is a broad research area to be studied, with direct positive results to society. Pedestrians to vehicles is a type of cooperative intelligent transport system, within the group of early warning collision/safety system. In this article, we examine the research and applications carried out so far within the field of pedestrians to vehicles cooperative transport systems by leveraging the information coming from vulnerable road users’ smartphones. Moreover, an extensive literature review has been carried out in the fields of vulnerable road users outdoor localisation via smartphones and vulnerable road users next step/movement prediction, which are closely related to pedestrian to vehicle applications and research. We identify gaps that exist in these fields that could be improved/extended/enhanced or newly developed, while we address future research objectives and methodologies that could support the improvement/development of those identified gaps.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 8, 2020
Online Publication Date Feb 13, 2020
Publication Date 2020
Deposit Date Jan 6, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jan 9, 2023
Journal Sensors
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 20
Issue 4
Article Number 997
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/s20040997
Keywords cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS); vehicle to pedestrian (V2P); pedestrian to vehicle (P2V); vulnerable road users (VRUs); GPS; smartphones; inertial measurement units sensors
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2969527

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Use Of Smartphones for Ensuring Vulnerable Road User Safety through Path Prediction and Early Warning: An In-Depth Review of Capabilities, Limitations and Their Applications in Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (793 Kb)
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Publisher Licence URL
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/




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