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The Associations between Talent Development Environments and Psychological Skills in Iranian Youth Athletes: A Variable and Person-centred Approach

Martindale, Russell; Li, Chunxiao; Andronikos, Georgios; Jafari, Marziyeh; Badami, Rokhsareh


Chunxiao Li

Marziyeh Jafari

Rokhsareh Badami


The environment plays a significant role in the development of talent athletes. A big part of this is preparing athletes with the psychological skills to cope and thrive through the challenges of their sporting journey. Understanding which features of the Talent Development Environment (TDE) best facilitate psychological skill use would be extremely useful for coaches to understand. As such, the main aim of this research was to investigate the relationships between TDE factors and psychological skills through a variable and person-centred approach (i.e., use both regression and cluster analyses). A second aim was to examine the psychometric properties of the Persian TDEQ-5 providing an initial validation for its use in Persian speaking cultures. To this end, the TDEQ-5 and Psychological Skills Inventory for Sports–Youth version–Short Form were administered to 371 Iranian athletes. The results showed that higher quality TDEs predicted higher psychological skill use. Specifically, Holistic Quality Preparation predicted all five psychological skills, while Long Term Development predicted anxiety control and Alignment of Expectations predicted self-confidence. The Persian TDEQ-5 was found to be a valid and reliable tool. Implications for coaches and those in charge of TDEs are discussed.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 14, 2022
Online Publication Date Jan 14, 2023
Publication Date 2023-05
Deposit Date Nov 14, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jan 14, 2023
Print ISSN 2328-918X
Publisher Human Kinetics
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 2
Pages 154-162
Keywords TDEQ, validity, CFA, predictive, talent development, environment, psychological skills
Public URL


The Associations Between Talent Development Environments And Psychological Skills In Iranian Youth Athletes: A Variable And Person-centred Approach (accepted version) (94 Kb)

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