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Roles of Medicinal Mushrooms as Natural Food Dyes and Dye-Sensitised Solar Cells (DSSC): Synergy of Zero Hunger and Affordable Energy for Sustainable Development

Ahmad, Nurfadzilah; Vunduk, Jovana; Klaus, Anita; Dahlan, Nofri Yenita; Ghosh, Soumya; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus; Dufossé, Laurent; Bani, Nurul Aini; Wan-Mohtar, Wan Abd Al Qadr Imad


Nurfadzilah Ahmad

Jovana Vunduk

Anita Klaus

Nofri Yenita Dahlan

Soumya Ghosh

Laurent Dufossé

Nurul Aini Bani

Wan Abd Al Qadr Imad Wan-Mohtar


In 2015, approximately 195 countries agreed with the United Nations that by 2030, they would work to make the world a better place. There would be synergies in accomplishing the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Synergy using a single sustainable resource is critical to assist developing nations in achieving the SDGs as cost-effectively and efficiently possible. To use fungal dye resources, we proposed a combination of the zero hunger and affordable energy goals. Dyes are widely used in high-tech sectors, including food and energy. Natural dyes are more environment-friendly than synthetic dyes and may have medicinal benefits. Fungi are a natural source of dye that can be substituted for plants. For example, medicinal mushrooms offer a wide range of safe organic dyes that may be produced instantly, inexpensively, and in large quantities. Meanwhile, medicinal mushroom dyes may provide a less expensive choice for photovoltaic (PV) technology due to their non-toxic and environmentally friendly qualities. This agenda thoroughly explains the significance of pigments from medicinal mushrooms in culinary and solar PV applications. If executed effectively, such a large, unwieldy and ambitious agenda may lead the world towards inclusive and sustainable development.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 24, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 26, 2022
Publication Date Oct 26, 2022
Deposit Date Oct 27, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 28, 2022
Journal Sustainability
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Issue 21
Article Number 13894
Keywords medicinal mushroom; fungal dyes; food colourants; clean energy; sustainability
Public URL


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