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Can mental healthcare for Muslim patients be person-centred without consideration of religious identity? A concurrent analysis

Jabeen, Taira; Snowden, Austyn

Authors

Taira Jabeen



Abstract

Background
Muslims constitute the largest, fastest growing religious minority in the UK. Globally, nurses are legally, morally and ethically obliged to provide non-discriminatory, person-centred, culturally sensitive care. This obligation includes supporting people with their religious needs where appropriate, but there is evidence this is not always happening, particularly for Muslims in mental health care.

Aims
This paper reviewed primary research to address the question: Can mental healthcare for Muslims be person-centred without consideration of religious identity?

Methods
Narrative synthesis and concurrent analysis. Searches were conducted post 2000 in MEDLINE, CINAHL, SAGE, PsychINFO and ASA with terms: ‘Muslim’, ‘Islam* ’, ‘mental health’, ‘nurs* ’, ‘person-cent* ’, ‘religio* ’. Narrative data were analysed for commonalities and themes.

Findings
Seven studies of sufficient quality were analysed. Unconscious religious bias was the overarching theme linking the findings that healthcare staff felt ill-prepared and lacked necessary knowledge and experience to work with diverse patient groups. Unconscious racial bias contributed to limited cultural/ religious competence in treatment and care.

Conclusion
Religious identity is core for Muslim patients, so this group may not be receiving the person-centred care they deserve. Nurses need cultural and religious competence to deliver person-centred, holistic care to diverse patient populations, yet the importance of religious practice can be overlooked by staff, with harmful consequences for patient’s mental and spiritual welfare. This paper introduces a welcome pack that could help staff support the religious observance of those Muslim patients/service-users wishing to practice their faith during their stay in health services.

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date Sep 2, 2022
Online Publication Date Sep 7, 2022
Publication Date 2022-10
Deposit Date Nov 8, 2022
Publicly Available Date Sep 8, 2023
Journal Nurse Education in Practice
Print ISSN 1471-5953
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 64
Article Number 103449
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2022.103449
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2936644

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