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6E analyses of a new solar energy-driven polygeneration system integrating CO2 capture, organic Rankine cycle, and humidification-dehumidification desalination

Khani, N.; Khoshgoftar Manesha, M.H.; Onishi, Viviani

Authors

N. Khani

M.H. Khoshgoftar Manesha

Viviani Onishi



Abstract

Integrated solar-assisted polygeneration systems have emerged as an effective and sustainable alternative for meeting thermal, power and freshwater demands through decentralized generation. In this framework, this study introduces a new design and dynamic simulation approach to a solar energy-driven polygeneration system integrating gas and steam turbine cycles, organic Rankine cycle (ORC), CO2 capture, and humidification-dehumidification (HDH) desalination. The integrated system is designed to supply a greenhouse's power, freshwater and carbon needs. The proposed system is modelled and dynamically simulated via MATLAB software, and the results are validated by literature data and THERMOFLEX software with high accuracy. A comparative study is conducted to evaluate the feasibility of integrating solar thermal energy, in which process simulations are carried out with and without the solar energy field composed of parabolic trough collectors. Sensitivity analysis is used to determine the optimal operating conditions of the HDH system and the ideal ORC working fluid. Furthermore, comprehensive Energy, Exergy, Exergoeconomic, Exergoenvironmental, Emergoeconomic, and Emergoenvironmental (6E) analyses are performed for scenarios with and without the solar energy field. The results reveal that solar energy integration boosts ORC's power generation from 37.3% (winter) to 59.41% (summer), while the overall power production increases 18 kW compared to the base case scenario. Finally, the system revenues and the payback period are estimated at 50k US$/year and 4.67 years, respectively.

Citation

Khani, N., Khoshgoftar Manesha, M., & Onishi, V. (2022). 6E analyses of a new solar energy-driven polygeneration system integrating CO2 capture, organic Rankine cycle, and humidification-dehumidification desalination. Journal of Cleaner Production, 379, Article 134478. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.134478

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 30, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 12, 2022
Publication Date 2022-12
Deposit Date Oct 17, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 17, 2022
Journal Journal of Cleaner Production
Print ISSN 0959-6526
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 379
Article Number 134478
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.134478
Keywords 6E analysis, Polygeneration, Solar thermal energy, Dynamic analysis, CO2 capture, Desalination
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2932519

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