Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Joint Effect of Heavy Vehicles and Diminished Light Conditions on Paediatric Pedestrian Injuries in Backover Crashes: A UK Population-Based Study

Wiratama, Bayu Satria; Hsu, Li-Min; Yeh, Yung-Sung; Chen, Chia-Che; Saleh, Wafaa; Liu, Yen-Hsiu; Pai, Chih-Wei


Bayu Satria Wiratama

Li-Min Hsu

Yung-Sung Yeh

Chia-Che Chen

Yen-Hsiu Liu

Chih-Wei Pai


Backover crashes cause considerable injuries especially among young children. Prior research on backover crashes has not assessed the joint effect of heavy vehicles and diminished light conditions on injuries. By analysing the United Kingdom STATS19 crash dataset from 1991 to 2020, this study focused on backover crashes involving paediatric cyclists or pedestrians aged ≤17 years and other motorised vehicles. By estimating the adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of multiple logistic regression models, pedestrians appeared to have 82.3% (95% CI: 1.78–1.85) higher risks of sustaining killed or serious injuries (KSIs) than cyclists. In addition, casualties involved in backover crashes with heavy vehicles were 39.3% (95% CI: 1.35–1.42) more likely to sustain KSIs than those involved in crashes with personal cars. The joint effect of heavy vehicles and diminished light conditions was associated with a 71% increased probability of sustaining KSIs (AOR = 1.71; 95% CI: 1.60–1.83). Other significant joint effects included young children (aged 0 to 5 years) as pedestrian (AOR = 1.92; 95% CI: 1.87–1.97), in diminished light conditions (AOR = 1.23; 95% CI: 1.15–1.31), and with heavy vehicle (AOR = 1.37; 95% CI: 1.28–1.47).

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 14, 2022
Online Publication Date Sep 16, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Oct 6, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 6, 2022
Journal International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 18
Article Number 11689
Keywords paediatric pedestrian injuries; backover crashes; heavy vehicle; paediatric’s road safety; diminished light condition; logistic regression models
Public URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations