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Malware detection based on mining API calls

Sami, Ashkan; Yadegari, Babak; Rahimi, Hossein; Peiravian, Naser; Hashemi, Sattar; Hamze, Ali

Authors

Ashkan Sami

Babak Yadegari

Hossein Rahimi

Naser Peiravian

Sattar Hashemi

Ali Hamze



Abstract

Financial loss due to malware nearly doubles every two years. For instance in 2006, malware caused near 33.5 Million GBP direct financial losses only to member organizations of banks in UK. Recent malware cannot be detected by traditional signature based anti-malware tools due to their polymorphic and/or metamorphic nature. Malware detection based on its immutable characteristics has been a recent industrial practice. The datasets are not public. Thus the results are not reproducible and conducting research in academic setting is difficult. In this work, we not only have improved a recent method of malware detection based on mining Application Programming Interface (API) calls significantly, but also have created the first public dataset to promote malware research.

Our technique first reads API call sets used in a collection of Portable Executable (PE) files, then generates a set of discriminative and domain interpretable features. These features are then used to train a classifier to detect unseen malware. We have achieved detection rate of 99.7% while keeping accuracy as high as 98.3%. Our method improved state of the art technology in several aspects: accuracy by 5.24%, detection rate by 2.51% and false alarm rate was decreased from 19.86% to 1.51%. This project's data and source code can be found at http://home.shirazu.ac.ir/~sami/malware.

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (Published)
Conference Name The 2010 ACM Symposium
Start Date Mar 22, 2010
End Date Mar 26, 2010
Online Publication Date Mar 22, 2010
Publication Date 2010
Deposit Date Dec 2, 2022
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Pages 1020-1025
Book Title SAC '10: Proceedings of the 2010 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing
DOI https://doi.org/10.1145/1774088.1774303
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2925498