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Graphene–Graphite Polyurethane Composite Based High‐Energy Density Flexible Supercapacitors

Manjakkal, Libu; Navaraj, William Taube; N��ez, Carlos Garc�a; Dahiya, Ravinder


William Taube Navaraj

Carlos Garc�a N��ez

Ravinder Dahiya


Energy autonomy is critical for wearable and portable systems and to this end storage devices with high-energy density are needed. This work presents high-energy density flexible supercapacitors (SCs), showing three times the energy density than similar type of SCs reported in the literature. The graphene–graphite polyurethane (GPU) composite based SCs have maximum energy and power densities of 10.22 µWh cm−2 and 11.15 mW cm−2, respectively, at a current density of 10 mA cm−2 and operating voltage of 2.25 V (considering the IR drop). The significant gain in the performance of SCs is due to excellent electroactive surface per unit area (surface roughness 97.6 nm) of GPU composite and high electrical conductivity (0.318 S cm−1). The fabricated SCs show stable response for more than 15 000 charging/discharging cycles at current densities of 10 mA cm−2 and operating voltage of 2.5 V (without considering the IR drop). The developed SCs are tested as energy storage devices for wide applications, namely: a) solar-powered energy-packs to operate 84 light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for more than a minute and to drive the actuators of a prosthetic limb; b) powering high-torque motors; and c) wristband for wearable sensors.


Manjakkal, L., Navaraj, W. T., Núñez, C. G., & Dahiya, R. (2019). Graphene–Graphite Polyurethane Composite Based High‐Energy Density Flexible Supercapacitors. Advanced Science, 6(7), Article 1802251.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 13, 2019
Online Publication Date Feb 13, 2019
Publication Date 2019-04
Deposit Date Jul 19, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jul 20, 2022
Journal Advanced Science
Print ISSN 2198-3844
Electronic ISSN 2198-3844
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Issue 7
Article Number 1802251
Public URL


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