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Cu2O-Based Electrochemical Biosensor for Non-Invasive and Portable Glucose Detection

Franco, Fabiane Fantinelli; Hogg, Richard A.; Manjakkal, Libu

Authors

Fabiane Fantinelli Franco

Richard A. Hogg



Abstract

Electrochemical voltammetric sensors are some of the most promising types of sensors for monitoring various physiological analytes due to their implementation as non-invasive and portable devices. Advantages in reduced analysis time, cost-effectiveness, selective sensing, and simple techniques with low-powered circuits distinguish voltammetric sensors from other methods. In this work, we developed a Cu2O-based non-enzymatic portable glucose sensor on a graphene paste printed on cellulose cloth. The electron transfer of Cu2O in a NaOH alkaline medium and sweat equivalent solution at very low potential (+0.35 V) enable its implementation as a low-powered portable glucose sensor. The redox mechanism of the electrodes with the analyte solution was confirmed through cyclic voltammetry, differential pulse voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy studies. The developed biocompatible, disposable, and reproducible sensors showed sensing performance in the range of 0.1 to 1 mM glucose, with a sensitivity of 1082.5 ± 4.7% µA mM−1 cm−2 on Cu2O coated glassy carbon electrode and 182.9 ± 8.83% µA mM−1 cm−2 on Cu2O coated graphene printed electrodes, making them a strong candidate for future portable, non-invasive glucose monitoring devices on biodegradable substrates. For portable applications we demonstrated the sensor on artificial sweat in 0.1 M NaOH solution, indicating the Cu2O nanocluster is selective to glucose from 0.0 to +0.6 V even in the presence of common interference such as urea and NaCl.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 12, 2022
Online Publication Date Mar 14, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Jul 18, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jul 19, 2022
Journal Biosensors
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 3
Article Number 174
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/bios12030174
Keywords glucose sensor; Cu2O nanomaterial; electrochemical sensor; non-enzymatic sensor
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2890057

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