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De Novo Structural Elucidation Principle via In Silico Chromatographic Retention Index Prediction for Micropollutants in Wastewater

Kajtazi, gArdiana; Wicht, Kristina; Russo, Giacomo; Eghbali, Hamed; Lynen, Frederic

Authors

gArdiana Kajtazi

Kristina Wicht

Hamed Eghbali

Frederic Lynen



Abstract

Micropollutants, such as pharmaceuticals, industrial chemicals, steroid hormones, etc. are defined as anthropogenic chemicals and can be found in water. It is seen as a serious threat, not just to aquatic life but also to humans, which requires the availability of tools allowing structural elucidation and ideally, fast identification of unknowns. Over the past decade, high-performance liquid chromatography, coupled with high resolution mass spectrometry (HPLCHRMS), has been increasingly used in the analysis of environmental and treated wastewater samples. However, HRMS prediction software cannot always reliably predict the elemental composition of (larger) molecules while structural information obtained by MS remains limited. This hinders the identification and structural characterization of unknowns in wastewater.
In this research, a Quantitative Structure- Retention Relationship (QSRR) approach is used to build predictive retention index (RI) models to assist in the identification of unknowns. Development of algorithms based on LC retentive data allows confirmation or invalidation of the ensuing hypothesized structural formulas. The novelty of this work is that for the first time a complete workflow is provided allowing narrowing down the possibilities in de novo structural elucidation of in principle any carbon, hydrogen or oxygen containing organic solute (< 500 Da) purely based on chromatographic (RPLC) retention.

Presentation Conference Type Poster
Conference Name 17th International Symposium on Hyphenated Techniques in Chromatography and Separation Technology
Start Date May 18, 2022
End Date May 20, 2022
Deposit Date Jun 24, 2022
Keywords In silico prediction, QSRR, Micropollutants
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2881678