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The obstacles to energy saving in residential buildings in Nigeria: stakeholders’ perspectives

Tilde Ibrahim, Aisha; Fernando, Nirodha


Aisha Tilde Ibrahim


Over the past three decades research on energy use in buildings has become significant due to increasing scientific and political pressure on issues concerning global warming and climate change. As part of the impact by climate change, tropical nations are faced with several challenges in achieving energy savings, particularly the energy consumption behaviour of building occupants, with very little research coming from Africa. Previous research has shown that variations due to occupant behaviour is substantial. To address these challenges in line with the objectives of some of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (namely, clean and sustainable energy, as well as climate action) in residential buildings, this paper explores the perceptions of stakeholders by identifying the barriers which affect energy use from different cultural perspectives. Qualitative data were collected using semi-structured telephone interviews with experts in the energy and construction fields in Nigeria. The purpose of the interviews was to provide an insight into residential energy consumption behaviour and the barriers faced in the adoption of sustainable energy sources. The results were analysed using an energy cultural framework. An analysis of the results shows that continuous awareness of energy saving behavioural change, government subsidies for renewable energy, government checks, and the standardization of energy-efficient appliances imported into the country can improve people’s trust regarding sustainable choices and can promote efficient energy use. The outcome from this work is expected to give a better understanding of energy use behaviour and inform future energy policies and interventions related to household energy saving.

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (Published)
Conference Name The 9th World Construction Symposium
Start Date Jul 9, 2021
End Date Jul 10, 2021
Acceptance Date Jun 30, 2021
Online Publication Date Jul 9, 2021
Publication Date Jul 9, 2021
Deposit Date Jun 6, 2022
Pages 528-539
Book Title Proceedings of The 9th World Construction Symposium 2021
Keywords Barriers; Energy saving; Energy culture framework; Stakeholders
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