Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Evaluation of the Effect of a Combined Chemical and Thermal Modification of Wood though the Use of Bicine and Tricine

Jones, Dennis; Kr�i�nik, Davor; Hočevar, Miha; Zagar, Andreja; Humar, Miha; Popescu, Carmen-Mihaela; Popescu, Maria-Cristina; Brischke, Christian; Nunes, Lina; Curling, Simon F.; Ormondroyd, Graham; Sandberg, Dick


Dennis Jones

Davor Kr�i�nik

Miha Hočevar

Andreja Zagar

Miha Humar

Carmen-Mihaela Popescu

Maria-Cristina Popescu

Christian Brischke

Lina Nunes

Simon F. Curling

Graham Ormondroyd

Dick Sandberg


The effects of thermal modification of wood have been well established, particularly in terms of reductions in mechanical performance. In recent years, there has been an increase in studies related to the Maillard reaction. More commonly associated with food chemistry, it involves the reaction of amines and reducing sugars during cooking procedures. This study has attempted to combine the use of amines and thermal modification, with subsequent properties investigated for the treatment of spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. Karst) and beech (Fagus sylvatica L.). In this initial study, the combined effects of chemical treatments by tricine and bicine were investigated with thermal modification. Along with some preliminary data on mechanical properties, the modifications which appeared in the wood structure were evaluated by infrared spectroscopy and biological studies according to EN113 and EN117 methodologies. The hierarchal study interpretation of FTIR suggested interactions between the bicine or tricine and the wood, which was partly supported by the analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOC), though other tests were not as conclusive. The potential of the method warrants further consideration, which will be described.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 25, 2022
Online Publication Date May 27, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Jun 2, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jun 2, 2022
Journal Forests
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Issue 6
Article Number 834
Keywords wood, Maillard reaction, thermal/chemical treatment, mechanical properties, infrared spectroscopy, biological properties
Public URL


Evaluation of the Effect of a Combined Chemical and Thermal Modification of Wood though the Use of Bicine and Tricine (5.2 Mb)

Publisher Licence URL

Copyright Statement
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

You might also like

Downloadable Citations