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A Novel Multi-Stage Residual Feature Fusion Network for Detection of COVID-19 in Chest X-Ray Images

Fang, Zhenyu; Ren, Jinchang; MacLellan, Calum; Li, Huihui; Zhao, Huimin; Hussain, Amir; Fortino, Giancarlo

Authors

Zhenyu Fang

Jinchang Ren

Calum MacLellan

Huihui Li

Huimin Zhao

Giancarlo Fortino



Abstract

To suppress the spread of COVID-19, accurate diagnosis at an early stage is crucial, chest screening with radiography imaging plays an important role in addition to the real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) swab test. Due to the limited data, existing models suffer from incapable feature extraction and poor network convergence and optimization. Accordingly, a multi-stage residual network, MSRCovXNet, is proposed for effective detection of COVID-19 from chest x-ray (CXR) images. As a shallow yet effective classifier with the ResNet-18 as the feature extractor, MSRCovXNet is optimized by fusing two proposed feature enhancement modules (FEM), i.e., low-level and high-level feature maps (LLFMs and HLFMs), which contain respectively more local information and rich semantic information, respectively. For effective fusion of these two features, a single-stage FEM (MSFEM) and a multi-stage FEM (MSFEM) are proposed to enhance the semantic feature representation of the LLFMs and the local feature representation of the HLFMs, respectively. Without ensembling other deep learning models, our MSRCovXNet has a precision of 98.9% and a recall of 94% in detection of COVID-19, which outperforms several state-of-the-art models. When evaluated on the COVIDGR dataset, an average accuracy of 82.2% is achieved, leading other methods by at least 1.2%.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 7, 2021
Online Publication Date Jul 26, 2021
Publication Date 2022-03
Deposit Date May 26, 2022
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Issue 1
Pages 17-27
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/TMBMC.2021.3099367
Keywords Covid-19
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2874119