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Electromagnetic Side-Channel Attack Resilience against PRESENT Lightweight Block Cipher

Gunathilake, Nilupulee A.; Al-Dubai, Ahmed; Buchanan, William J.; Lo, Owen

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Abstract

Lightweight cryptography is a novel diversion from conventional cryptography that targets internet-of-things (IoT) platform due to resource constraints. In comparison, it offers smaller cryptographic primitives such as shorter key sizes, block sizes and lesser energy drainage. The main focus can be seen in algorithm developments in this emerging subject. Thus, verification is carried out based upon theoretical (mathematical) proofs mostly. Among the few available side-channel analysis studies found in literature, the highest percentage is taken by power attacks. PRESENT is a promising lightweight block cipher to be included in IoT devices in the near future. Thus, the emphasis of this paper is on lightweight cryptology, and our investigation shows unavailability of a correlation electromagnetic analysis (CEMA) of it. Hence, in an effort to fill in this research gap, we opted to investigate the capabilities of CEMA against the PRESENT algorithm. This work aims to determine the probability of secret key leakage with a minimum number of electromagnetic (EM) waveforms possible. The process initially started from a simple EM analysis (SEMA) and gradually enhanced up to a CEMA. This paper presents our methodology in attack modelling, current results that indicate a probability of leaking seven bytes of the key and upcoming plans for optimisa-tion. In addition, introductions to lightweight cryptanalysis and theories of EMA are also included.

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (Published)
Conference Name 2022 IEEE 6th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP 2022)
Start Date Jan 14, 2022
End Date Jan 16, 2022
Acceptance Date Dec 21, 2021
Online Publication Date Aug 11, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date May 5, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 5, 2022
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Book Title 2022 6th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP)
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/CSP55486.2022.00018
Keywords Lightweight cryptology; PRESENT cipher; electromagnetic side-channel analysis
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2869629

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