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Oscillating Water Column Geometrical Factors and System Performance: A Review

Yacob, Dzul Hafez; Sarip, Shamsul; Kaidi, Hazilah Mad; Ardila-Rey, Jorge Alfredo; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus


Dzul Hafez Yacob

Shamsul Sarip

Hazilah Mad Kaidi

Jorge Alfredo Ardila-Rey


Ocean waves that impact along the coast are among the most promising renewable energy sources that can be extracted from the environment. The ocean’s energy can be extracted by a few methods and converted from kinetic energy into electrical energy using turbine blades and power generators installed in areas with strong waves. The best and most widely established wave energy converters use an Oscillating Water Column (OWC) conversion concept. During the past few years, numerous research projects have been conducted to ensure a continuous development of OWC technologies that could provide more systematic, consistent, and environmentally friendly electrical supply sources to the nearby communities and electric powered facilities. OWC has distinctive techniques for every section of the energy converting process, differing from other methods. Several things need to be considered to ensure that a maximum amount of energy can be generated from the established system. This paper discusses the OWC system design characteristics and functions. This paper also summarizes the current technology developments for the OWC and their achievements.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 15, 2022
Online Publication Date Mar 21, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Mar 25, 2022
Publicly Available Date Mar 25, 2022
Journal IEEE Access
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Pages 32104-32122
Keywords Wave energy converter, Oscillating water column, Ocean energy, Review, OWC design characteristics
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