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A Review of Mathematical Models of Building Physics and Energy Technologies for Environmentally Friendly Integrated Energy Management Systems

Zhang, Yajie; Vand, Behrang; Baldi, Simone


Yajie Zhang

Simone Baldi


The Energy Management System (EMS) is an efficient technique to monitor, control and enhance the building performance. In the state-of-the-art, building performance analysis is separated into building simulation and control management: this may cause inaccuracies and extra operating time. Thus, a coherent framework to integrate building physics with various energy technologies and energy control management methods is highly required. This framework should be formed by simplified but accurate models of building physics and building energy technologies, and should allow for the selection of proper control strategies according to the control objectives and scenarios. Therefore, this paper reviews the fundamental mathematical modeling and control strategies to create such a framework. The mathematical models of (i) building physics and (ii) popular building energy technologies (renewable energy systems, common heating and cooling energy systems and energy distribution systems) are first presented. Then, it is shown how the collected mathematical models can be linked. Merging with two frequently used EMS strategies, namely rule-based and model predictive controls, is discussed. This work provides an extendable map to model and control buildings and intends to be a foundation for building researchers, designers and engineers.

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date Feb 15, 2022
Online Publication Date Feb 18, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Mar 4, 2022
Publicly Available Date Mar 4, 2022
Journal Buildings
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 2
Article Number 238
Keywords building; mathematical modeling; building physics; building energy systems; energy management system
Public URL


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