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Green and Highly Efficient MIMO Transceiver System for 5G Heterogenous Networks

Al-Yasir, Yasir I. A.; Abdulkhaleq, Ahmed M.; Parchin, Naser Ojaroudi; Elfergani, Issa T.; Rodriguez, Jonathan; Noras, James M.; Abd-Alhameed, Raed A.; Rayit, Ashwain; Qahwaji, Rami


Yasir I. A. Al-Yasir

Ahmed M. Abdulkhaleq

Issa T. Elfergani

Jonathan Rodriguez

James M. Noras

Raed A. Abd-Alhameed

Ashwain Rayit

Rami Qahwaji


The paper presents the general requirements and an exemplary design of the RF front-end system that in today’s handset is a key consumer of power. The design is required to minimize the carbon footprint in mobile handsets devices, whilst facilitating cooperation, and providing the energy-efficient operation of multi-standards for 5G communications. It provides the basis of hardware solutions for RF front-end integration challenges and offers design features covering energy efficiency for power amplifiers (PAs), Internet of Things (IoT) controlled tunable filters and compact highly isolated multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) antennas. An optimum design requires synergetic collaboration between academic institutions and industry in order to satisfy the key requirements of sub-6 GHz energy-efficient 5G transceivers, incorporating energy efficiency, good linearity and the potential for low-cost manufacturing. A highly integrated RF transceiver was designed and implemented to transmit and receive a picture using compact MIMO antennas integrated with efficient tunable filters and high linearity PAs. The proposed system has achieved a bit error rate (BER) of less than 10–10 at a data rate of 600 Mb/s with a wireless communication distance of more than 1 meter and power dissipation of 18–20 mW using hybrid beamforming technology and 64-QAM modulation.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 16, 2021
Online Publication Date Jul 27, 2021
Publication Date 2022-03
Deposit Date Feb 21, 2022
Journal IEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking
Print ISSN 2473-2400
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Issue 1
Pages 500-511
Keywords Compact antennas, energy-efficient transceivers, 5G, Internet of Things , multiple input and multiple output (MIMO), power amplifiers, sub-6 GHz, tunable filters
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