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Reconfigurable Antennas: Switching Techniques—A Survey

Ojaroudi Parchin, Naser; Jahanbakhsh Basherlou, Haleh; Al-Yasir, Yasir I. A.; M. Abdulkhaleq, Ahmed; A. Abd-Alhameed, Raed


Haleh Jahanbakhsh Basherlou

Yasir I. A. Al-Yasir

Ahmed M. Abdulkhaleq

Raed A. Abd-Alhameed


Due to the fast development of wireless communication technology, reconfigurable antennas with multimode and cognitive radio operation in modern wireless applications with a high-data rate have drawn very close attention from researchers. Reconfigurable antennas can provide various functions in operating frequency, beam pattern, polarization, etc. The dynamic tuning can be achieved by manipulating a certain switching mechanism through controlling electronic, mechanical, physical or optical switches. Among them, electronic switches are the most popular in constituting reconfigurable antennas due to their efficiency, reliability and ease of integrating with microwave circuitry. In this paper, we review different implementation techniques for reconfigurable antennas. Different types of effective implementation techniques have been investigated to be used in various wireless communication systems such as satellite, multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), mobile terminals and cognitive radio communications. Characteristics and fundamental properties of the reconfigurable antennas are investigated.


Ojaroudi Parchin, N., Jahanbakhsh Basherlou, H., Al-Yasir, Y. I. A., M. Abdulkhaleq, A., & A. Abd-Alhameed, R. (2020). Reconfigurable Antennas: Switching Techniques—A Survey. Electronics, 9(2), Article 336.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 6, 2020
Online Publication Date Feb 15, 2020
Publication Date 2020
Deposit Date Feb 21, 2022
Publicly Available Date Feb 21, 2022
Journal Electronics
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 2
Article Number 336
Keywords active elements; cognitive radio; implementation techniques; reconfigurable antennas; MIMO; modern wireless communications
Public URL


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