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Recent Advances in Nature-Inspired Solutions for Ground Engineering (NiSE)

Assadi-Langroudi, Arya; O�Kelly, Brendan C.; Barreto, Daniel; Cotecchia, Federica; Dicks, Henry; Ekinci, Abdullah; Garcia, Fernando E.; Harbottle, Michael; Tagarelli, Vito; Jefferson, Ian; Maghoul, Pooneh; Masoero, Enrico; El Mountassir, Gr�inne; Muhunthan, Balasingam; Geng, Xueyu; Ghadr, Soheil; Mirzababaei, Mehdi; Mitrani, Helen; van Paassen, Leon


Arya Assadi-Langroudi

Brendan C. O�Kelly

Federica Cotecchia

Henry Dicks

Abdullah Ekinci

Fernando E. Garcia

Michael Harbottle

Vito Tagarelli

Ian Jefferson

Pooneh Maghoul

Enrico Masoero

Gr�inne El Mountassir

Balasingam Muhunthan

Xueyu Geng

Soheil Ghadr

Mehdi Mirzababaei

Helen Mitrani

Leon van Paassen


The ground is a natural grand system; it is composed of myriad constituents that aggregate to form several geologic and biogenic systems. These systems operate independently and interplay harmoniously via important networked structures over multiple spatial and temporal scales. This paper presents arguments and derivations couched by the authors, to first give a better understanding of these intertwined networked structures, and then to give an insight of why and how these can be imitated to develop a new generation of nature-symbiotic ground engineering techniques. The paper draws on numerous recent advances made by the authors, and others, in imitating forms (e.g. synthetic fibres that imitate plant roots), materials (e.g. living composite materials, or living soil that imitate fungi and microbes), generative processes (e.g. managed decomposition of construction rubble to mimic weathering of aragonites to calcites), and functions (e.g. recreating the self-healing, self-producing, and self-forming capacity of natural systems). Advances are reported in three categories of Materials, Models, and Methods (3Ms). A novel value-based appraisal tool is also presented, providing a means to vet the effectiveness of 3Ms as standalone units or in combinations.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 5, 2021
Online Publication Date Dec 31, 2021
Publication Date 2022-02
Deposit Date Jan 5, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jan 1, 2023
Journal International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering
Print ISSN 2199-9260
Electronic ISSN 2199-9279
Publisher Springer
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Issue 1
Article Number 3
Keywords Biomimicry, Soil, Improvement, Self-heal, Natural
Public URL