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Embodied Energy and Cost Assessments of a Concentrating Photovoltaic Module

Freier Raine, Daria; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus; Ramirez-Iniguez, Roberto; Ardila-Rey, Jorge Alfredo; Jafry, Tahseen; Gamio, Carlos


Daria Freier Raine

Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez

Jorge Alfredo Ardila-Rey

Tahseen Jafry

Carlos Gamio


This paper focuses on the embodied energy and cost assessments of a static concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) module in comparison to the flat photovoltaic (PV) module. The CPV module employs a specific concentrator design from the Genetically Optimised Circular Rotational Square Hyperboloid (GOCRSH) concentrators, labelled as GOCRSH_A. Firstly, it discussed previous research on life cycle analyses for PV and CPV modules. Next, it compared the energy embodied in the materials of the GOCRSH_A module to the energy embodied in the materials of a flat PV module of the same electrical output. Lastly, a comparison in terms of cost is presented between the analysed GOCRSH_A module and the flat PV module. It was found that the GOCRSH_A module showed a reduction in embodied energy of 17% which indicates a reduction in embodied carbon. In terms of cost, the costs for the GOCRSH_A module were calculated to be 1.71 times higher than the flat PV module of the same electrical output. It is concluded that a trade-off is required between the embodied energy and cost impacts in order to bring this CPV technology into the market.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 14, 2021
Online Publication Date Dec 16, 2021
Publication Date 2021-12
Deposit Date Dec 17, 2021
Publicly Available Date Dec 17, 2021
Journal Sustainability
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Issue 24
Article Number 13916
Keywords GOCRSH; life cycle analysis; energy embodiment; cost analysis
Public URL


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