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Automating the modular construction process: A review of digital technologies and future directions with blockchain technology

Olawumi, Timothy O.; Chan, Daniel W.M.; Ojo, Stephen; Yam, Michael C.H.


Daniel W.M. Chan

Stephen Ojo

Michael C.H. Yam


Modular integrated construction (MiC) method has come to limelight in recent years due to its enormous potentials. Although several digital tools and technologies (DTT) have been employed in MiC projects, no previous research study has critically reviewed and analysed their implementation in MiC projects. The current study addresses this gap using a three-tier research approach– data curation, science mapping, and systematic analysis to evaluate modular construction research studies. The findings revealed minimal application of DTT in the MiC prefab transportation phase and the potentiality of blockchain and other integrated DTT for use in MiC projects. Globally, Canada, China, and the USA are the leading countries that have applied DTT in MiC projects. Also, simulation, building information modelling (BIM), and optimization algorithms are the most frequently deployed DTT in modular construction. This study has provided valuable insights into the digital technologies adopted in MiC projects and potential areas for its future use in modular construction.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 19, 2021
Online Publication Date Nov 23, 2021
Publication Date 2022-04
Deposit Date Dec 2, 2021
Publicly Available Date Nov 24, 2022
Journal Journal of Building Engineering
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 46
Article Number 103720
Keywords Blockchain technology; Digital tools; Modular integrated construction; Prefabrication; Technologies
Public URL
Publisher URL


Automating The Modular Construction Process: A Review Of Digital Technologies And Future Directions With Blockchain Technology (accepted version) (2 Mb)


Copyright Statement
Accepted version licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.

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