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Non-Price Competition in the Port Sector: A Case Study of Ports in Turkey

Esmer, Soner; Nguyen, Hong-Oanh; Bandara, Yapa Mahinda; Yeni, Kazim


Soner Esmer

Hong-Oanh Nguyen

Kazim Yeni


Although the port sector has been facing increasing competition, there is limited research on how ports compete using non-price competition strategies. There are a few studies on non-price competition in the port sector. However they mainly focus on the marketing aspect. This paper seeks to fill this gap in the literature, especially from a combined marketing-economic perspective. Especially the paper's main objective is to identify the determinants of non-price competition in the port sector and evaluate their effect on various aspects of non-price competition. We start with a general conceptual framework to explain how competition in the sector can be affected by various factors and then propose an analytical framework on non-price competition. The analytical model is then used to support the design of a survey questionnaire. Next, hypothesis tests are conducted using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) and data collected from a survey of Turkish ports. Based on the analysis results, the implications for port management and future research are also discussed.


Esmer, S., Nguyen, H., Bandara, Y. M., & Yeni, K. (2016). Non-Price Competition in the Port Sector: A Case Study of Ports in Turkey. Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, 32(1), 3-11.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 10, 2016
Online Publication Date Apr 6, 2016
Publication Date 2016-03
Deposit Date Dec 4, 2021
Publicly Available Date Dec 6, 2021
Journal The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics
Print ISSN 2092-5212
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 32
Issue 1
Pages 3-11
Keywords Non-price Competition, Port Services, SEM, Turkish Ports
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